Masaru Ibuka, co-founder of Sony
|Born||April 11, 1908
Nikkō City, Japan
|Died||December 19, 1997 (aged 89)
|Cause of death||Heart failure|
He graduated in 1933 from Waseda University. After graduating, he went to work at Photo-Chemical Laboratory, a company which processed movie film. He later served in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, being a member of the Imperial Navy Wartime Research Committee. In 1946, he left the company and navy, and founded a radio repair shop in Tokyo.
In 1946 Ibuka and Akio Morita co-founded Sony Corporation, originally named Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corporation (prior to 1958). Ibuka was instrumental in securing the licensing of transistor technology to Sony from Bell Labs in the 1950s, thus making Sony one of the first companies to apply transistor technology to non-military uses. Ibuka served as president of Sony from 1950 to 1971, and then served as chairman of Sony between 1971 and 1976.
Ibuka left Sony in 1976, but maintained close ties as an advisor until his death in 1997 from heart failure at the age of 89.
Ibuka also authored the book Kindergarten is Too Late (1971), in which he claims that the most significant human learning occurs from birth to 3 years old and suggests ways and means to take advantage of this. The book's foreword was written by Glenn Doman, founder of The Institutes for the Achievement of Human Potential, an organization that teaches parents about child brain development. Ibuka and Doman agreed that the first years of life were vital for education.
Awards and honors 
- 1960: Medal of Honor with Blue Ribbon
- 1978: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasures.
- 1986: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
- 1986: Commander First Class of the Royal Order of the Polar Star of Sweden.
- 1992: Order of Culture
- 1997: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers (posthumous)
- 1964 Received Distinguished Services Award from the Institute of Electrical Communication Engineers of Japan
- 1972 Received IEEE Founders Medal from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
- 1976 Honorary Doctor of Engineering, Sophia University, Tokyo
- 1979 Honorary Doctor of Science, Waseda University, Tokyo
- 1981 Received Humanism and Technology Award from the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies
- 1986 Awarded Eduard Rhein Ring of Honor, German Eduard Rhein Foundation
- 1987 IEEE Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics Award established in his honor, for the first time awarded in 1989
- 1989 Designated Person of Cultural Merits by Ministry of Education
- 1991 Received The Presidential Award and Medallion from the University of Illinois (USA)
- 1991 Awarded Bronze Wolf of the World Organization of the Scout Movement
- 1992 Masaru Ibuka memorial hall was built in Waseda University.
- 1993 Named Honorary Citizen of Tokyo
- 1994 Honorary Doctor of Science, Brown University (USA)
- Kirkup, James. "Obituary: Masaru Ibuka," Independent (London). December 22, 1997.
- "World: Asia-Pacific Sony co-founder dies". BBC. October 3, 1999. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Antiquarian books site
- "IEEE Founders Medal Recipients". IEEE. Retrieved April 3, 2011.
- Leonard Sloane (June 15, 1981"BUSINESS PEOPLE; Co-Founder Of Sony to Get Aspen Award". The New York Times. Retrieved September 19, 2011.).
- "The Eduard Rhein Ring of Honor Recipients". Eduard Rhein Foundation. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
- "IEEE Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics Award". IEEE. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
- "Presidential Award and Medallion". University of Illinois. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
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