Masein

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Masein
Masein -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Masein
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
46°42′N 9°25′E / 46.700°N 9.417°E / 46.700; 9.417Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°25′E / 46.700°N 9.417°E / 46.700; 9.417
Population 443 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 105 /km2 (273 /sq mi)
Area 4.2 km2 (1.6 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 865 m (2,838 ft)
Postal code 7425
SFOS number 3663
Surrounded by Cazis, Flerden, Portein, Tartar, Thusis, Urmein
Website www.masein.ch
SFSO statistics
Masein is located in Switzerland
Masein
Masein

Masein (Romansh: Masagn) is a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Masein is first mentioned in 1156 as de Medezenu.[3]

Geography[edit]

Masein has an area, as of 2006, of 4.2 km2 (1.6 sq mi). Of this area, 38.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 52% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (3.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. It is located on the lower Heinzenberg and consists of the two settlements of Ober- and Unter-Masein and the hamlets of Dalaus, Cresta und Lochmüli.

Demographics[edit]

Masein has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 443.[1] As of 2008, 2.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 2.9%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 51.0% male and 49.0% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Masein is; 46 people or 12.6% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 29 people or 7.9% are 10 to 14, and 37 people or 10.1% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 38 people or 10.4% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 60 people or 16.4% are 30 to 39, 70 people or 19.1% are 40 to 49, and 47 people or 12.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 21 people or 5.7% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 12 people or 3.3% are 70 to 79, there are 5 people or 1.4% who are 80 to 89, and there is 1 person who is 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 37.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (33.6%), the FDP (14.8%) and the CVP (11.4%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Masein about 80.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Masein has an unemployment rate of 1.21%. As of 2005, there were 32 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 47 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 11 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1803 198
1850 282
1900 228
1950 270
2000 366
2010 409

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (92.6%), with Romansh being second most common ( 3.3%) and Dutch being third ( 1.4%).[4]

Languages in Masein
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 188 82.82% 306 91.89% 339 92.62%
Romanish 26 11.45% 15 4.50% 12 3.28%
Italian 6 2.64% 3 0.90% 1 0.27%
Population 227 100% 333 100% 366 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Masein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 7 October 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]