Maserati Ghibli

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Maserati Ghibli
Maserati Ghibli WOI 08.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Maserati
Production 1967–1973
1992-1997
2013-present

Maserati Ghibli is the name of three different cars produced by Italian manufacturer Maserati: a V8 grand tourer from 1966 to 1973, a V6 twin-turbo coupé from 1992 to 1997, and lastly the Maserati Ghibli (M157) executive saloon from 2013 on.

In a still-standing Maserati tradition the Ghibli is named after a wind: Ghibli is the Libyan name for the hot and dry, south-western blowing desert Sirocco.

Ghibli I (AM115)[edit]

Ghibli
1967 Maserati Ghibli ORC3.jpg
Overview
Production 1967–1973
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro at Ghia[1]
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door spyder
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 4.7 L V8
4.9 L V8
Transmission 5-speed ZF manual
3-speed automatic (to order)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,550 mm (100 in)
Length 4,700 mm (190 in)
Width 1,790 mm (70 in)
Height 1,160 mm (46 in)
Kerb weight 1,650–1,770 kg (3,640–3,900 lb)
Chronology
Successor Maserati Khamsin
Maserati Bora
Maserati Ghibli II

The original Ghibli (Tipo 115) is a two-door, 2+2 grand tourer released by Maserati in 1967. The V8-powered Ghibli debuted at the 1966 Turin Motor Show and proved to be the most popular Maserati vehicle since the automaker withdrew from racing in the 1950s, outselling its two biggest rivals, the Ferrari Daytona and the Lamborghini Miura. American magazine Sports Car International named it number nine on its list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s.

The Ghibli's steel body, characterized by its low, shark-shaped nose, was designed by a young Giorgetto Giugiaro, then working at Ghia.

The car was powered by a front-placed quad-cam 310 bhp (230 kW) V8 engine. It had a 0-60 mph time of 6.8 seconds, a top speed of 154 mph (248 km/h) and was available with either a five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission. Even by the standards of its time and class, the car consumed copious volumes of fuel, but Maserati fitted the car with two 50 L (13.2 US gal; 11.0 imp gal) fuel tanks,[2] which could be filled via flaps on either side of the roof pillars. The car also featured pop-up headlamps, leather sport seats and alloy wheels. When leaving the factory the Ghibli originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres (CN72)

Maserati Ghibli Spyder.

The convertible Ghibli Spyder went into production in 1969. The slightly more powerful Ghibli SS (335 hp) was released in 1969. The Ghibli went out of production in 1973 and found a successor the following year with the Bertone-designed Khamsin. SS-engined cars have additional /49 designation (ex. AM115/49).

In all, 1,170 Coupes and 125 Spyders (including 25 Spyder SS) were produced.

Model Engine Displacement Power Fuel system
Ghibli V8 DOHC 4719 cc 310 bhp (231 kW; 310 hp) four vertical twin Weber 40 DCNF/5 carburettors (42 DCNF/9 from 1969)
Ghibli SS V8 DOHC 4930 cc 335 bhp (250 kW; 335 hp) four vertical twin Weber 42 DCNF/11 carburettors

Ghibli II (AM336)[edit]

Ghibli
96 Ghibli 20V6.JPG
Overview
Production 1992–1997
Designer Marcello Gandini
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout FR layout
Related Maserati Biturbo
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L twin turbocharged V6
2.8 L twin turbocharged V6
Transmission 4-speed automatic (option)
5-speed manual
6-speed Getrag manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,514 mm (99.0 in)
Length 4,223 mm (166.3 in)
Width 1,775 mm (69.9 in)
Height 1,300 mm (51 in)
Kerb weight 1,365–1,406 kg (3,009–3,100 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Maserati 228
Successor Maserati 3200 GT

The Ghibli name was resurrected in 1992 with the release of the Ghibli (Tipo 336). The Ghibli II appeared with updated Maserati Biturbo engines: a 2.0 litre V6, with the highest output, for the Italian and European markets and a 2.8 litre V6 for other countries, operated via a six-speed manual transmission (early 2.8 cars have a 5 speed manual) or 4 speed automatic. The two-door, four-seater coupé was similar in appearance to Maserati Shamal, as both were an evolution of the previous Biturbo coupe. The Ghibli shows its Biturbo heritage in the doors, interior, and basic bodyshell, which were carried over from the Biturbo.

In 1994, the car was revised. A refreshed interior, new wheels, a fully adjustable electronic suspension and ABS brakes were added. Another round of improvements resulted in the Ghibli GT in 1996. It was fitted with spoked alloy 17" wheels, and had suspension and transmission modifications.

The coupe was built for luxury as well as performance. The car featured a Connolly Leather interior with burl elm trim.

The final year of production for the Ghibli II was 1997. It was replaced in the Maserati lineup by the 3200 GT the following year.

Several special edition models were produced by Maserati. The first was the Ghibli KS (Kit Sportivo), followed by the race version Ghibli Open Cup which featured improved power through roller-bearing turbos, a freer-flowing exhaust, and remapped fuel computers. The Cup also featured a toned-down carbon fiber-trimmed interior with aluminum pedals and a MOMO steering wheel, and the drivetrain included tweaked suspension and Brembo brakes. To celebrate the world speed record on water, Maserati made a further 60 special edition Ghiblis called the Ghibli Primatist, featuring bright blue paintwork and blue / turquoise leather.

At the time the Ghibli Cup had the highest ever per litre power output of any street legal car, surpassing the Bugatti EB110, and Jaguar XJ220.

The racing version Ghibli Open Cup is highly sought after by collectors today. In 1996, the car received a modification upgrade, resulting in similar track times to those of the Ferrari 355 Challenge. After the end of the 1995 racing season, several of the original 23 cars were used in national GT events.

Model Years Engine Displacement Power Top speed Fuel system Note Units
Ghibli 2.0 1992-97 V6 DOHC 1996 cc 310 PS (228 kW; 306 hp) Top speed: 255 km/h (158.5 mph) Fuel injection, twin turbo Only Italy and Europe 1157
Ghibli 2.8 1993-97 V6 DOHC 2790 cc 288 PS (212 kW; 284 hp) Top speed: 250 km/h (155.4 mph) Fuel injection, twin turbo 1063
Ghibli Cup 1995 V6 DOHC 1996 cc 335 PS (246 kW; 330 hp) Top speed: 270 km/h (168 mph) Fuel injection, twin turbo 57
Ghibli Primatist 1996-97 V6 DOHC 1996 cc 310 PS (228 kW; 306 hp) Top speed: 255 km/h (158.5 mph) Fuel injection, twin turbo 60

Ghibli III (M157)[edit]

Ghibli
Maserati Ghibli - AutoShanghai 2013 (01).JPG
Overview
Production 2013–
Body and chassis
Class Executive car
Body style 4-door saloon
Layout FR layout
F4 layout
Powertrain
Engine 3.0 L twin turbocharged V6
3.0 L turbodiesel V6
Transmission 8-speed automatic
Chronology
Predecessor Maserati Ghibli II

The third generation Ghibli is an executive saloon unveiled at the 2013 Shanghai motor show. The Ghibli is offered with three different 3.0-litre V6 engines: a twin-turbocharged 330 PS (240 kW; 330 hp) or 410 PS (300 kW; 400 hp) petrol and a 275 PS (202 kW; 271 hp) turbodiesel, making the Ghibli the first Maserati production car in history to be powered by a diesel engine. An eight-speed automatic transmission is standard on all models; all wheel drive is available with the most powerful V6, although not on right hand drive markets.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  2. ^ "Ghibli - Maserati's fastest". Motor: pages 50–52. 13 January 1968. 

External links[edit]