Maserati Ghibli

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Maserati Ghibli
Maserati Ghibli WOI 08.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Maserati
Production
  • 1967–1973
  • 1992–1997
  • 2013–present

Maserati Ghibli is the name of three different cars produced by Italian manufacturer Maserati: a V8 grand tourer from 1966 to 1973, a V6 twin-turbo coupé from 1992 to 1997, and the Maserati Ghibli (M157) executive saloon from 2013 on.

In a still-standing Maserati tradition the Ghibli is named after a wind, the Libyan name for the hot and dry, south-western blowing desert Sirocco.

Ghibli I (AM115)[edit]

Maserati Ghibli
1967 Maserati Ghibli ORC3.jpg
Overview
Production 1967–1973
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro at Ghia[1]
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door spyder
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 4.7 L V8
4.9 L V8
Transmission 5-speed ZF manual
3-speed automatic (to order)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,550 mm (100.4 in)
Length 4,700 mm (185.0 in)
Width 1,790 mm (70.5 in)
Height 1,160 mm (45.7 in)
Kerb weight 1,650–1,770 kg (3,638–3,902 lb)
Chronology
Successor Maserati Khamsin
Maserati Bora

The original Ghibli (Tipo AM115) is a two-door, 2+2 V8-engined grand tourer released by Maserati in 1967. The Ghibli debuted at the 1966 Turin Motor Show. American magazine Sports Car International named it number nine on its list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s. In 1974 it was replaced by the Maserati Khamsin.

History[edit]

The Ghibli was first unveiled in prototype form on the Maserati stand at the November 1966 Turin Motor Show.[2] Its steel body, characterized by a low, shark-shaped nose, was designed by a young Giorgetto Giugiaro, then working at Ghia. Deliveries started in March of the following year.[3] If the 1966 Ghia prototype was a two-seater, on the production car two emergency rear seats were added—consisting nothing more than a cushion without backrest—and the Ghibli was marketed as a 2+2.

The car was powered by a front placed quad-cam 4.7 L, 335 PS (246 kW; 330 bhp) dry sump V8 engine paired with to a five-speed manual or, or request, to a three-speed automatic transmission. It had a 0-60 mph time of 6.8 seconds, a top speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). The car also featured pop-up headlamps, leather sport seats and alloy wheels.

Maserati Ghibli Spyder

The convertible Ghibli Spyder went into production in 1969. Its convertible top folded away under a flush fitting body-colour tonneau cover behind the front seats; thus the Spyder eschewed any vestigial rear passenger accommodation, and was a strict two-seater. A removable hard top was available as an option. The 4.9-litre Ghibli SS was released in 1969. Its V8 engine was stroked 4 mm to displace 4930 cc, and put out 335 PS (246 kW; 330 bhp); its top speed of 280 km/h (174 mph) made it the fastest Maserati road car ever produced. SS-engined cars have additional /49 designation (ex. AM115/49).

In all, 1,170 coupés and 125 Spyders (including 25 Spyder SS) were produced. In 1973 the Ghibli went out of production and found a successor the following year with the Bertone-designed Maserati Khamsin.

Specifications[edit]

The Ghibli used a tubular frame with a separate body. Front suspension used double wishbone type, coaxial dampers and coil springs, and an anti-roll bar. At the rear there was a live axle suspended by semi-elliptic springs, with a single longitudinal torque arm, hydraulic dampers and an anti-roll bar. Magnesium alloy wheels were standard, originally fitted with Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres (CN72), while Borrani wire wheels were optional. Even by the standards of its time and class, the car consumed copious volumes of fuel, but Maserati fitted the car with two independent 50 L (13.2 US gal; 11.0 imp gal) fuel tanks,[4] which could be filled via flaps on either side of the roof pillars.

Engines and performance[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Power Fuel system
Ghibli V8 DOHC 4719 cc 310 bhp (231 kW; 310 hp) four vertical twin Weber 40 DCNF/5 carburettors (42 DCNF/9 from 1969)
Ghibli SS V8 DOHC 4930 cc 335 PS (246 kW; 330 bhp) four vertical twin Weber 42 DCNF/11 carburettors

Ghibli II (AM336)[edit]

Maserati Ghibli
96 Ghibli 20V6.JPG
Maserati Ghibli GT
Overview
Production 1992–1998
Designer Marcello Gandini
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Related Maserati Biturbo
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L V6 (twin-turbocharged petrol)
2.8 L V6 (twin-turbocharged petrol)
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,514 mm (99.0 in)
Length 4,223 mm (166.3 in)
Width 1,775 mm (69.9 in)
Height 1,300 mm (51.2 in)
Kerb weight 1,365–1,406 kg (3,009–3,100 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Maserati Racing
Successor Maserati 3200 GT

The Ghibli name was resurrected with the unveiling of the 1992 Ghibli (Tipo AM336), a two-door, four-seater coupé with twin-turbo V6 engines. Like the V8 Maserati Shamal, it was an evolution of the previous Biturbo coupés; the doors, interior, and basic bodyshell were carried over from the Biturbo.

History[edit]

The Ghibli was launched at the 62nd Turin Motor Show in April 1992.[5] The Ghibli was powered by updated 24-valve Biturbo engines: a 2.0-litre V6 coupled to a six-speed manual transmission for the Italian market,[6] and a 2.8-litre V6 for export, at first with a 5-speed manual, then from 1995 with the 6-speed.[7] A 4-speed automatic was optional. The coupé was built for luxury as well as performance, and its interior featured Connolly leather upholstery and burl elm trim.

At the 1994 Geneva Motor Show Maserati launched the updated Model Year 1994 Ghibli.[8] A refreshed interior, new wing mirrors, wider and larger 17" alloy wheels of a new design, fully adjustable electronic suspension and ABS brakes were added. The Ghibli Open Cup single-make racing car was announced in late 1994.

Two sport versions were introduced in 1995. The first was the Ghibli Kit Sportivo,[9] whose namesake handling kit included wider tyres on OZ "Futura III" split-rim wheels, specific springs, dampers and anti-roll bars. The second was the limited production Ghibli Cup, which brought some features of the Open Cup racer were into a road-going model; it debuted at the December 1995 Bologna Motor Show.[10] it mounted a 2-litre engine upgraded to 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp).[11][12] At the time the Ghibli Cup had the highest ever per litre power output of any street legal car, surpassing the Bugatti EB110 and Jaguar XJ220. Chassis upgrades included tweaked suspension and Brembo brakes. Visually the Cup was recognizable from its 5-spoke split-rim Speedline wheels and badges on the doors. Only four paint colours were available: red, white, yellow and French blue. The sporty theme continued in the Cup's cabin with black leather, carbon fibre trim, aluminium pedals and a MOMO steering wheel.

A second round of improvements resulted in the Ghibli GT in 1996. It was fitted with 7-spoked 17" alloy wheels, black headlight housings, and had suspension and transmission modifications.

Ghibli MY 1994

On 4 November 1996 on the Lake Lugano, Guido Cappellini broke the flying kilometre's World Speed Record on water in the 5-litre class piloting a composite-hulled speedboat powered by the biturbo V6 from the Ghibli Cup and run by Bruno Abbate's Primatist/Special Team, at an average speed of 216,703 km/h.[13][14] To celebrate the world record Maserati made 60 special edition Ghiblis called the Ghibli Primatist. The cars featured special Ultramarine blue paintwork and two-tone blue/turquoise leather interior trimmed in polished burr walnut.

Production of the second generation Ghibli ended in summer 1998.[15] It was replaced in the Maserati range by the 3200 GT.

Ghibli Open Cup[edit]

A single-make racing series for the Ghibli, the Open Cup, was run two seasons—1995 and 1996. Twenty-five Ghibli Open Cup racing cars were prepared. They were based on the two-litre model, tuned to 320 PS (235 kW; 316 hp)[16] by using roller-bearing turbochargers, a freer-flowing exhaust, and remapped fuel computers; a roll cage, Sparco racing seats, a Momo racing steering wheel, aluminium shifter knob and pedals, 5-point belts, automatic fire extinguishing system, an aluminium sump guard, carbon fibre air-intakes, a modified fuel system and 17" 5-spoke Speedline wheels completed the outfitting. In 1995 eight races were held, two in Italy and six across Europe.[17] In 1996, the car received a modification upgrade, resulting in similar track times to those of the Ferrari 355 Challenge. After the end of the 1995 racing season, several of the original 23 cars were used in national GT events. Today the Ghibli Open Cup is highly sought after by collectors.

Specifications[edit]

Rear view of a Ghibli GT

Like the Biturbos, the Ghibli had unibody steel construction, with a conventional layout of longitudinally mounted engine, rear-wheel drive. Suspension was of the MacPherson strut type at the front and semi-trailing arms at the rear, with coil springs, double-acting dampers and anti-roll bars on both axles. The differential and rear suspension arms were supported by a bushing-insulated subframe. Brakes were vented discs on all four wheels, and steering was servo-assisted rack and pinion.

The engine was the latest evolution of Maserati's 90 degree all-aluminium, DOHC 24-valve V6 engine, turbocharged with two water-cooled IHI turbochargers and air-to-air intercoolers, one per each cylinder bank. It was fitted with Weber-Magneti Marelli IAW fuel injection. The gearbox was a Getrag-supplied 6-speed manual from the Shamal on 2-litre cars, while 2.8 litre cars initially used a 5-speed ZF manual and were update with the Getrag gearbox in 1995. At the rear axle there was Maserati's "Ranger" Torsen limited slip differential from the Biturbo, with an added oil cooler.

Engines and performance[edit]

Model Years Displacement Peak power Peak torque Top speed Accel.
0–100 km/h
Notes Units
Ghibli 2.0 1992–98 1996 cc 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp) at 6250 rpm 373 N·m (275 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 255 km/h (158 mph) 5.7 s Italy and Europe only 1157[6]
Ghibli 2.8 1992–98 2790 cc 284 PS (209 kW; 280 hp) at 6000 rpm 413 N·m (305 lb·ft) at 3500 rpm 250 km/h (155 mph) 6.0 s 1063[7]
Ghibli Cup 1995 1996 cc 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp) at 6500 rpm 373 N·m (275 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm 270 km/h (168 mph) 5.6 s 57
Ghibli Primatist 1996–97 1996 cc 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp) at 6250 rpm 373 N·m (275 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 255 km/h (158 mph) 5.7 s 60

Ghibli III (M157)[edit]

Maserati Ghibli
Maserati Ghibli - AutoShanghai 2013 (01).JPG
Overview
Production 2013–present
Assembly Grugliasco, Turin
Body and chassis
Class Executive car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive / four-wheel-drive
Related Maserati Quattroporte
Powertrain
Engine 3.0 L V6 (twin-turbocharged petrol)
3.0 L V6 (turbocharged diesel)
Transmission 8-speed ZF automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,998 mm (118.0 in)
Length 4,971 mm (195.7 in)
Width 2,100 mm (82.7 in)
Height 1,461 mm (57.5 in)
Kerb weight 1,810 kg (3,990 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Maserati 430

The current third generation Ghibli (Tipo M157) was unveiled at the 2013 Shanghai motor show. The Ghibli is offered with three different 3.0-litre V6 engines: a twin-turbocharged 330 PS (240 kW; 330 hp) or 410 PS (300 kW; 400 hp) petrol and a 275 PS (202 kW; 271 hp) turbodiesel, making the Ghibli the first Maserati production car to be powered by a diesel engine. An eight-speed automatic transmission is standard on all models; all wheel drive is available with the most powerful V6, although not on right hand drive markets.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Bernabò, Ferruccio (10 November 1966). "Le «sportive» al Valentino". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 11. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Maserati Ghibli". Maserati official site - About us: Heritage. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Ghibli - Maserati's fastest". Motor: 50–52. 13 January 1968. 
  5. ^ Sanguineti, Raffaella (23 April 1992). "Ghibli, un vecchio amore". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 35. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Ghibli (2.0) - 1992 to 1998". Maserati official site - About us: Heritage. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Ghibli (2.8) - 1992 to 1998". Maserati official site - About us: Heritage. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  8. ^ Mangano, Giulio (10 March 1994). "E la Maserati riaccelera". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 33. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  9. ^ Villare, Renzo (12 January 1995). "Made in italy alla carica". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 30. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  10. ^ Villare, Renzo (30 November 1995). "L'auto sotto due bandiere". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 32. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "Ghibli Cup - 1995 to 1997". Maserati official site - About us: Heritage. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  12. ^ Rogliatti, Gianni (7 December 1995). "Maserati, lusso e sprint". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 43. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  13. ^ "Ghibli Primatist - 1996 to 1997". Maserati official site - About us: Heritage. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  14. ^ Mangano, Giulio (6 December 1996). "Via al grande spettacolo". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 33. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  15. ^ Mangano, Giulio (4 December 1998). "Ferrari e Maserati di corsa". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 15. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  16. ^ "Ghibli Open Cup - 1995 to 1996". Maserati official site - About us: Heritage. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  17. ^ Pedrasi, Luca (13 November 1995). "Maserati fa una conversione e ritorna a rombare". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 5 February 2015. 

External links[edit]