Maserati Quattroporte

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Maserati Quattroporte
Maserati Quattroporte VI.JPG
Manufacturer Maserati
Production 1963–1969, 1974–1990, 1994–2001, 2003–2012, 2013–present
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door saloon

The Maserati Quattroporte is a four-door sports luxury saloon produced by Italian car manufacturer Maserati. The name translated from Italian literally means "four doors". There have been six generations of this car, with the first introduced in 1963, and the current model launched in 2013.

Quattroporte I (AM107, 1963–1969)[edit]

First generation
Production 1963-1969
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Pietro Frua[1]
Body and chassis
Layout FR layout
Related Maserati Sebring
Maserati 3500
Maserati Mexico
Engine 4.1 L V8
4.7 L V8
Transmission 5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 2,750 mm (108 in)[2]
Length 5,000 mm (197 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,525 mm (60 in)
Curb weight 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)

As Maserati's sales increased, Prince Karim Aga Khan ordered a special Maserati 5000 WP, chassis number 103,060, designed by Pietro Frua. The following year, Maserati showed the first-generation Quattroporte of 1963, which bore a resemblance to an earlier drawing. While the design was by Frua, construction was carried out by Vignale.

The 1963 'Tipo 107' Quattroporte, joined two other grand tourers, the Facel Vega and the Lagonda Rapide, capable of traveling at 200 km/h (124 mph) on the new motorways in Europe.

It was equipped with a 4.1-litre (4,136 cc/252 cuin) V8 engine, producing 256 hp (191 kW; 260 PS) SAE at 5,600 rpm, and either a five-speed ZF manual transmission or a three-speed automatic. Maserati claimed a top speed of 230 km/h (143 mph).

Between 1963 and 1966, 230 units were made.

In 1966, Maserati revised the Tipo 107, adding the twin headlights already used on the U.S. model) and, from 1968, included a 4.7-litre, 295 hp (220 kW; 299 PS)(SAE) engine. Top speed increased to a claimed 255 km/h (160 mph),[3] making it the fastest four-door sedan in the world at the time. Around 500 of the second series were made, for a total of 776 Tipo 107 Quattroportes. Production stopped in 1969.[4]

Special models 1971 and 1974[edit]

s/n 002 Quattroporte V8

In 1971, Karim Aga Khan ordered another special on the Maserati Indy platform. Rory Brown was the chief engineer. It received the 4.9-litre V8 engine (Tipo 107/49), producing 300 PS (221 kW).[5] Carrozzeria Frua designed the car, the prototype of which was displayed in Paris 1971 and Geneva 1972.[6] The car was production ready, even receiving its own chassis code (AM 121), but Citroën used their influence to have Maserati develop the SM-based Quattroporte II instead.[7] Only two vehicles were finished, chassis #004 was sold by Maserati to the Aga Khan in 1974, and the prototype #002 went to the King of Spain, who bought his directly from Frua.[6]

Quattroporte II (AM123, 1974–1978)[edit]

Second generation
Production 1976-1978
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Marcello Gandini at Bertone[1]
Body and chassis
Layout MF layout
Related Citroën SM
Engine 3.0 L Tipo AM 114.56.30 DOHC V6
Transmission 5-speed manual
Rear view of Quattroporte II

In 1974, Maserati presented the Quattroporte II (AM 123) at the Turin Show[6] on an extended Citroën SM chassis. This was the result of Citroën's purchase of the Italian company. The car had Bertone bodywork, penned by Marcello Gandini, and was the only Maserati Quattroporte to feature hydropneumatic suspension and front wheel drive. It also had the swivelling directional headlights like the SM/DS. The 1973 oil crisis combined with the collapse of the Citroën/Maserati relationship, made Maserati unable to gain EEC approval for the car. Most of the cars built were sold in the Middle East and in Spain, where such type approval was not necessary.[5]

The front-wheel drive layout and the modest V6 3.0-litre powerplant based on the Citroën SM engine did not attract customers. Its 210 PS (154 kW) at 5,500 rpm was barely enough to propel the 1,600 kg (3,527 lb) car to 200 km/h (124 mph).

In 1974, Citroën had Maserati develop a V8 engine. An SM was used to test this 260 PS (191 kW) engine - the adjustments needed were modest and transformed the SM into a sports car.[8] The bankruptcy of Citroën and Maserati ended the V8's development in 1975.[9]

Maserati made 13 Quattroporte IIs. While the prototype was built in 1974, the succeeding twelve cars were built to order between 1976 and 1978.[5] The nearly stillborn Quattroporte II project was costly for the small company, and the firm reached four billion lire in debt by the end of 1978.[5]

Quattroporte III/Royale (AM330, 1979–1990)[edit]

Third generation
1986 Maserati QPIII UWS.jpg
Also called Royale, 4porte
Production 1979-1990
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro[1]
Body and chassis
Layout FR layout
Related Maserati Kyalami
Engine 4,136 cc V8
4,930 cc V8
4,930 cc V8[10]
Transmission 3-speed Chrysler/B-W automatic
5-speed ZF manual
Wheelbase 2,800 mm (110 in)
Length 4,910 mm (193 in)
Width 1,788 mm (70 in)
Height 1,384 mm (54 in)
Curb weight 1,780 kg (3,924 lb)

Considered a "businessman's Maserati," the Quattroporte III was presented by newly empowered Maserati chief Alejandro de Tomaso and his design staff in 1977. This was a rear wheel drive car, powered by a large V8 engine. It was important to de Tomaso that there be an Italian vehicle to compete with the recently launched Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9. The Quattroporte III marked the last of the hand-built Italian cars. All exterior joints and seams were filled to give a seamless appearance.

In 1976, Giorgetto Giugiaro presented two ItalDesign show cars on Maserati platforms, called the Medici I and Medici II. The latter had features that would make it into the production of the third-generation Quattroporte. At the 1977 Turin Motor Show, Maserati announced the Quattroporte III (Tipo AM 330), which took much from the Medici show cars, based on Maserati's Kyalami coupé, which in turn was based on the De Tomaso Longchamp. Styling emphasis was placed on linearity, which was also useful to reduce tooling cost.

Interior of the QP III

The Quattroporte III went into production in 1979,[11] equipped with a 4,136 cc V8 engine (referred to as the "4200" by Maserati) producing 255 hp (190 kW; 259 PS),[11] later 238 hp (177 kW; 241 PS) (SAE)[citation needed]. Also available was a 4.9-litre V8 producing 280 hp (209 kW; 284 PS) at 5,800 rpm[11]). A distinguishing characteristic of the vehicle was its interior. The automatics initially used a three-speed Borg–Warner automatic transmission, soon replaced by a Chrysler Torqueflite gearbox. Manual gearboxes were ZF-built five-speeds. The smaller engine was phased out in 1985. When leaving the factory all "4200" Maseratis were originally fitted with Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres (CN72).

From 1979 up to 1981 "4porte" badging was used, changed to Quattroporte for up to 1989. In 1986, the Maserati Royale, a handbuilt to order ultra-luxury version of the Quattroporte III, appeared. The engine was upgraded to 295 hp (220 kW; 299 PS) (SAE).

In all, 2,155 Quattroporte IIIs were produced, including one for Italian presidential use and 53 of them being Royales.[10] Production ceased in 1990.

Turinese coachbuilder Salvatore Diomante also offered a 65 cm longer limousine version, fully equipped with white leather, "abundant burr walnut", mini-bar, video recorder and many other necessities. The price of the Diomante limousine at introduction (1986) was 210 million lire.[10]

Quattroporte IV (AM337, 1994–2001)[edit]

Fourth generation
Maserati Quattroporte IV 2.jpg
Production 1994-2001
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Marcello Gandini[1]
Body and chassis
Layout FR layout
Related Maserati Ghibli II (platform)
Maserati Shamal (V8 engine)
Engine 1,996 cc V6
2,790 cc V6
3,217 cc V8
Wheelbase 2,650 mm (104 in)
Length 4,550 mm (179 in)
Width 1,810 mm (71 in)
Curb weight 1,543–1,647 kg (3,402–3,631 lb)

The Quattroporte IV (Tipo 337) from 1994 was a restyled, four-door version of the Ghibli II coupe. It was designed by Marcello Gandini. The new car was smaller than its predecessors, aerodynamic (0.31 Cd), and featured Gandini's trademark angular rear wheel arch.

A 2.8-litre twin turbo V6 was installed, producing 284 PS (209 kW; 280 hp), reaching a claimed top speed of 255 km/h (158 mph). Italian buyers had an optional "tax special" 2-litre version producing 287 PS (211 kW; 283 hp). Both engines came from the Maserati Biturbo. The 2.8 was not even offered in the home market until a year after its introduction.[12] In 1995, the V8 3.2-litre Biturbo from the Maserati Shamal was introduced, developing 335 PS (246 kW; 330 hp) with a claimed top speed of 270 km/h (168 mph).

After Ferrari took over Maserati in July 1997, it introduced a Quattroporte Evoluzione for 1998. It featured 400 new or improved parts out of a total 800, as well as made improvements to Maserati's manufacturing methods.[12] The Evoluzione no longer had the oval Maserati clock on the dashboard. Production ended in May 2001.

Rear of the Fourth Generation Quattroporte
Quattroporte IV[12] Units Produced Production Period Engine Capacity Power Max Speed
2.0i V6 24v 587 1994–1998 1,996 cc 287 PS (211 kW) @ 6500rpm 255 km/h (158 mph)
2.8i V6 24v 668 1994–1998 2,790 cc 284 PS (209 kW) @ 6000rpm 255 km/h (158 mph)
3.2i V8 32v 415 1996–1998 3,217 cc 335 PS (246 kW) @ 6400rpm 270 km/h (168 mph)
2.0i V6 Evoluzione 200 1998–2001 1,996 cc 287 PS (211 kW) @ 6500rpm 255 km/h (158 mph)
2.8i V6 Evoluzione 190 1998–2001 2,790 cc 284 PS (209 kW) @ 6000rpm 255 km/h (158 mph)
3.2i V8 Evoluzione 340 1998–2001 3,217 cc 335 PS (246 kW) @ 6400rpm 270 km/h (168 mph)
Total 2400 1994–2001

Quattroporte V (M139, 2003–2012)[edit]

Fifth generation
Maserati Quattroporte - 1.jpg
A 2009 Quattroporte S
Production 2003–2012
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Pininfarina
Body and chassis
Layout Front-mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Platform Maserati M139
Related Maserati GranTurismo and GranCabrio
Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione
Wheelbase 3,064 mm (121 in)
  • 2003–08: 5,052 mm (199 in)
  • 2008–2012: 5,097 mm (201 in)
Width 1,895 mm (75 in)
Height 1,438 mm (57 in)
Kerb weight
  • 1,930 kg (4,255 lb) (DuoSelect)
  • 1,990 kg (4,387 lb) (automatic)

The fifth generation of the Quattroporte (Tipo M139) was unveiled to the world at the Frankfurt Motor Show on 9 September 2003[13] and made its U.S. première at the 2003 Pebble Beach Concours d'Élégance; production started in 2004. Exterior and interior design was done by Pininfarina. Built on an entirely new platform, it was 50 cm (19.7 in) longer than its predecessor and sat on a longer 40 cm (15.7 in) wheelbase. The same architecture would later underpin the GranTurismo and GranCabrio coupés and convertibles. Initially it was powered by an evolution of the naturally aspirated dry sump 4.2-litre V8 engine, mounted on the Maserati Coupé, with an improved output of 400 PS (294 kW). Due to its greater weight compared to the Coupé and Spyder, the 0-62 mph (0–100 km/h) time for the Quattroporte was 5.2 seconds and the top speed 171 mph (275 km/h).[14]

Over 5,000 Quattroportes were built in 2006.[15]


The Maserati Quattroporte was initially offered in only one configuration, equipped with the DuoSelect transmission. The base Quattroporte DuoSelect was recognizable by its chromed grille with horizontal slats; adaptive Skyhook suspension and 330 mm brake disks with four piston callipers all-around were standard. Maserati put emphasis on personalization, offering customers a choice of fifteen exterior paint colours, Poltrona Frau leather upholstery in ten hues, contrasting seat piping and stitching and three types of wood inserts. At the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2005 Maserati introduced the Executive GT and Sport GT trim levels.[16]

Interior of a Maserati Quattroporte Executive GT
Maserati Quattroporte Sport GT

The Quattroporte Executive GT was a comfort- and luxury-oriented specification; it came equipped with wood-rimmed steering wheel, an alcantara suede interior roof lining, ventilated, adaptive, massaging rear seats, rear air conditioning controls, veneered retractable rear tables, and curtain shades on the rear windows. The exterior was distinguished by 19 inch eight-spoke ball-polished wheels and chrome mesh front and side grilles.

The Quattroporte Sport GT variant offered several performance upgrades: faster shifting transmission and firmer Skyhook suspensions thanks to new software calibrations, seven-spoke 20 inch wheels with low-profile tyres, cross-drilled brake rotors and braided brake lines. Model-specific exterior trim included dark mesh front and side grilles and red accents to the Trident badges, as on vintage racing Maseratis. Inside there were aluminium pedals, a sport steering wheel and carbon fibre in place of the standard wood inserts.

A new automatic transmission was presented at the Detroit Motor Show in January 2007, with the first cars delivered right after the launch, marketed as Maserati Quattroporte Automatica.[17] As all three trim levels were offered in both DuoSelect and Automatica versions, the lineup grew to six models.

The Quattroporte Sport GT S was introduced at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007. Taking further the Sport GT's focus on handling, this version employed Bilstein single-rate dampers in place of the Skyhook adaptive system. Other changes from the Sport GT comprised a lowered ride height and 10 mm wider 295/30 rear tyres, front Brembo iron/aluminium dual-cast brake rotors and red-painted six piston callipers. The cabin was upholstered in mixed alcantara and leather, with carbon fibre accents; outside the door handles were painted in body colour, while the exterior trim, the 20 inch wheels and the exhaust pipes were finished in a "dark chrome" shade.[18]

At the 2008 NAIAS Maserati launched the Quattroporte Collezione Cento, a 100-examples limited edition.[19] Its unique specification featured an ivory paint colour with a waist coachline, matched to Cuoio tan tufted leather upholstery and Wengé trim inlaid with mother of pearl. Standard equipment comprised most of the available infotainment optionals.


Images of the facelifted Quattroporte appeared on the Internet on 30 January 2008; the car made its official début at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. Overseen by Pininfarina, the facelift brought redesigned bumpers, side sills and side mirrors, a convex front grille with vertical bars instead of horizontal, new headlights and tail lights with directional bi-xenon main beams and LED turn signals. Inside there was a new navigation and entertainment system. All Quattroporte models now used the ZF automatic transmission, the DuoSelect being discontinued.

The 4.2-litre Quattroporte now came equipped with single-rate damping comfort-tuned suspension and 18 inch wheels. Debuting alongside it was the Quattroporte S, powered by a wet-sump 4.7-litre V8, the same engine of the Maserati GranTurismo S, with a maximum power of 430 PS (316 kW; 424 hp) and maximum torque of 490 N·m (361 lb·ft). In conjunction with the engine, the braking system was upgraded to cross-drilled discs on both axles and dual-cast 360 mm rotors with six piston callipers at the front. Skyhook active damping suspension and 19 inch V-spoke wheels were standard. Trim differences from the 4.2-litre cars were limited to a chrome instead of titanium-coloured front grille. Production of the restyled vehicle started in June 2008 as Model Year 2009.

Sport GT S at Goodwood 2009

The Quattroporte Sport GT S was premièred at the North American International Auto Show in January 2009.[20] Its 4.7-litre V8 produced 440 PS (324 kW; 434 hp), ten more than the Quattroporte S, thanks to revised intake and to a sport exhaust system with electronically actuated bypass valves. Other mechanical changes were to the suspensions, where as on the first Sport GT S single-rate dampers took place of the Skyhook system, ride height was further lowered and stiffer springs were adopted. The exterior was distinguished by a specific front grille with convex vertical bars, black headlight bezels, red accents to the Trident badges, the absence of chrome window trim, body colour door handles and black double oval exhaust pipes instead of the four round ones found on other Quattroporte models. Inside veneers were replaced by "Titan Tex" composite material and the cabin was upholstered in mixed Alcantara and leather.

A special edition GT S was introduced at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show: the Quattroporte Sport GT S Awards Edition, celebrating the 56 awards received by the sixth generation Quattroporte during its career.[21] Its unique specification comprised "Nero pianoforte" or specially-developed pale gold "Quarzo fuso" pearlescent paint, satin grey wheels, polished brake callipers and all chrome trim in a dark finish.


Rear of the pre-facelift Quattroporte V
4.2-litre V8 in a DuoSelect car

The Quattroporte body is a steel unibody, with aluminium boot lid and engine bonnet; Cd is 0.35.[22] Front and rear aluminium subframes support the whole suspension and drivetrain.

A 47%/53% front/rear weight distribution[13] was achieved by setting the engine behind the front axle, inside the wheelbase (front-mid-engine layout) and the adoption of a transaxle layout. With the later automatic transmission - fitted in the conventional position in block with the engine - weight distribution changed to 49%/51% front/rear. The suspension system consists of unequal length control arms with forged aluminium arms and hub carriers, coil springs and anti-roll bars on both axles.


The DuoSelect electro-actuated transmission available at the launch of the fifth generation Quattroporte was a development of the CambioCorsa unit first used in the Maserati Coupé. It was a Ferrari-based semi-automatic transmission, mounted at the rear axle in block with the differential in a transaxle layout, with the twin-plate dry clutch located in a bell housing attached to the rear of the engine. A torque tube joined rigidly together the two units. Gear shifting was done via the standard paddle shifters behind the steering wheel; there was no gear lever on the centre tunnel, but rather a small T-shaped handle used to quickly engage first gear and reverse when manoeuvring at slow speed.

The 6-speed torque converter automatic transmission was a 6HP26 supplied by ZF Friedrichshafen. Unlike the DuoSelect it was placed in the conventional position right behind the engine; to accommodate it and the new rear differential the front and rear subframes as well as part of the transmission tunnel had to be redesigned. Manual shifting was possible by the centre-console mounted gear lever; in addition Sport GT cars came equipped with paddle shifters as standard, while on other models they were an optional extra.

All Quattroporte models mounted a limited slip differential.


The V8 engines of the fifth generation Quattroporte belonged to the "Ferrari-Maserati F136" family; they had aluminium-silicon alloy block and heads, a crossplane crankshaft, four valves per cylinder driven by two overhead camshafts per bank and continuous variable valve timing on the intake side. F136S 4.2-litre engines in DuoSelect equipped cars used a dry sump lubrication system; F136UC 4.2 engines on automatic cars were converted to use a wet sump sump oiling system,[23] as did the later 4.7-litre, codenamed F136Y.

Model[22][24] Production period Production numbers Engine Max power Torque Top speed 0–100 km/h
0–62 mph
(NEDC combined)
Quattroporte DuoSelect 2004–2008 10,639 4,244 cc V8 400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) at 7000 rpm 451 N·m (333 lb·ft) at 4500 rpm 275 km/h (171 mph) 5.2 s N/A
Quattroporte Automatica 2007–2008 6,050 4,244 cc V8 400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) at 7000 rpm 460 N·m (339 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 270 km/h (168 mph) 5.6 s N/A
Quattroporte Sport GT S 2007–2008 667 4,244 cc V8 400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) at 7000 rpm 460 N·m (339 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 270 km/h (168 mph) 5.6 s N/A
Quattroporte 2008–2012 2,021 4,244 cc V8 400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) at 7000 rpm 452 N·m (333 lb·ft) at 4750 rpm 270 km/h (168 mph) 5.6 s 345 g/km
Quattroporte S 2008–2012 4,032 4,691 cc V8 430 PS (316 kW; 424 bhp) at 7000 rpm 490 N·m (361 lb·ft) at 4750 rpm 280 km/h (174 mph) 5.4 s 365 g/km
Quattroporte Sport GT S 2009–2012 1,847* 4,691 cc V8 440 PS (324 kW; 434 bhp) at 7000 rpm 490 N·m (361 lb·ft) at 4750 rpm 285 km/h (177 mph) 5.1 s 365 g/km
Total 2003–2012 25,256 * Including 126 Quattroporte Sport GT S Awards Edition


A Bellagio Fastback at Salon Privé 2012

Bellagio Fastback Touring[edit]

In 2008, at the Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este, Milanese coachbuilder Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera unveiled the Maserati Bellagio Fastback Touring, a 5-door station wagon built on the basis of the fifth generation Quattroporte.[25] In May 2013 a Bellagio Fastback was auctioned by RM Auctions at their Villa Erba event, in occasion of Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este; the price was 117,600 €.[26] According to the auction house, four examples have been built by Carrozzeria Touring.[27]


In 2009 Swiss Team announced the development of "Maserati Quattroporte EVO" International Superstars Series racing cars based on the 4.2-litre Quattroporte M139, to be piloted by Andrea Chiesa.[28] Swiss Team fielded the cars in the 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 seasons; Italian racing driver Andrea Bertolini won the 2011 championship at the wheel of a Swiss Team Quattroporte.[29]

Quattroporte VI (M156, 2013–present)[edit]

Sixth Generation
Geneva MotorShow 2013 - Maserati Quattroporte grey front right view.jpg
Production 2012-present
Model years 2013-present
Assembly Italy: Grugliasco, Turin (Avv. Giovanni Agnelli Plant)
Designer Lorenzo Ramaciotti
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive / four-wheel-drive
Transmission 8-speed ZF automatic
Wheelbase 3,171 mm (125 in)
Length 5,263 mm (207 in)
Width 1,958 mm (77 in)
Height 1,481 mm (58 in)
Curb weight 1,890 kg (4,167 lb)

The new sixth-generation Quattroporte was revealed at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit in January 2013. Production started in November 2012.[31] The new model was designed by a Maserati-only department within the Fiat Group Centro Stile design centre, under the guidance of ex-Pininfarina designer Lorenzo Ramaciotti. It is built at the old Bertone plant, on the outskirts of Turin.

Geneva MotorShow 2013 - Maserati Quattroporte blue.jpg

The vehicle is designed with many elements that will be common to the Quattroporte, a new Ghibli model, and for the SUV Levante model planned for 2014. It is however considerably larger than the previous generation to set itself apart from the Ghibli slotted below in the Maserati line-up.

The Quattroporte features new Ferrari-built V6 and V8 engines; the initial engines being a petrol 3.8-litre (3,798 cc) V8 producing 523 bhp (390 kW; 530 PS) and a 3.0-litre V6 producing 404 bhp (301 kW; 410 PS).[32][33] It is mated to a ZF-supplied 8-speed automatic gearbox,[34] with four-wheel drive available on the V6 in left-hand drive markets only.

Zegna edition[edit]

A total of 100 Quattroporte were produced for 2014 in collaboration with Ermenegildo Zegna.[35] The cars features a special effect platinum-metallic silk paint colour with aluminum pigments along with a new interior fabric that emulates the Zegna clothing line.

Engines and performance[edit]

Engine Capacity Max power Torque Drive Top speed 0–100 km/h
0–62 mph
Emissions CO
3.0 V6 Diesel 2,987 cc 271 bhp (202 kW; 275 PS) 442.5 lb·ft (600 N·m) RWD 250 km/h (155 mph) 6.4 163 g/km
3.0 V6 S 2,979 cc 404 bhp (301 kW; 410 PS) 406 lb·ft (550 N·m) RWD 285 km/h (177 mph) 5.1 246 g/km
3.0 V6 S Q4 2,979 cc 404 bhp (301 kW; 410 PS) 406 lb·ft (550 N·m) AWD 284 km/h (176 mph) 4.9 242 g/km
3.8 V8 GTS 3,798 cc 523 bhp (390 kW; 530 PS) 479 lb·ft (649 N·m) (524 lb·ft (710 N·m) overboost) RWD 307 km/h (191 mph) 4.7 278 g/km

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Designer". Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  2. ^ Cardew, Basil (1966). Daily Express Review of the 1966 Motor Show. London. 
  3. ^ Tabucchi, Maurizio (2003). Maserati: The Grand Prix, Sports and GT cars model by model, 1926-2003. Milano: Giorgio Nada Editore s.r.l. p. 253. ISBN 88-7911-260-0. 
  4. ^ Tabucchi, p. 253
  5. ^ a b c d Tabucchi, pp. 288-289
  6. ^ a b c Ermanno. "Quattroporte II: A brief return with French flavouring!". Enrico's Maserati Pages. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  7. ^ "Frua Maserati Quattroporte 'Aga Kahn' (sic)". Atelier Michiel van den Brink. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  8. ^ "The lost prototype reborn, the Citroen SM V8". auto trader classics. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Sonnery, Marc (27 September 2010). "1974 Citroën SM V8: A Mystery No More". Autoweek. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c Tabucchi, pp. 292–293
  11. ^ a b c Auto Katalog 1983. Stuttgart: Motor Presse. 1982. pp. 107, 220–221. 
  12. ^ a b c Tabucchi, pp. 332-335, 357.
  13. ^ a b "Maserati Quattroporte". September 2004. Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  14. ^ Carr, Jimmy (6 May 2007). "Maserati Quattroporte". (London). Retrieved 8 Jun 2008. 
  15. ^ "Maserati Quattroporte at Detroit Motor Show". Scoop NZ. 9 January 2007. 
  16. ^ Newton, Richard (19 August 2005). "Maserati Quattroporte GT". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Maserati Quattroporte Automatica Now Shipping". 13 January 2007. Retrieved 30 Sep 2010. 
  18. ^ Aucock, Richard (12 November 2007). "Maserati Quattroporte Sport GT S (2007) CAR review". Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  19. ^ Siler, Steve (January 2008). "2008 Maserati Quattroporte Collezione Cento". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  20. ^ Kurczewski, Nick (14 January 2009). "Riding Out a Recession in Italian Luxury". Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  21. ^ Gall, Jared (February 2010). "2011 Maserati Quattroporte Sport GT S Awards Edition". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  22. ^ a b Maserati Quattroporte 2003 (Official brochure), 2003 
  23. ^ "Maserati media" (Press release). 6 March 2007. 
  24. ^ Maserati Quattroporte Automatic Owner's Manual, September 2008 
  25. ^ "Villa d'Este 08 Preview: Carrozzeria Touring Maserati Quattroporte Bellagio Fastback". 22 April 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  26. ^ "2009 Maserati Touring Bellagio Fastback by Touring Superleggera". RM Auctions. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  27. ^ Villa Erba, 25 May 2013 (auction catalogue), RM Auctions, pp. 21–23 
  28. ^ Joseph, Noah (13 April 2009). "MSwiss Team takes Maserati Quattroporte to the track in Superstar Series". Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  29. ^ Joseph, Noah (25 October 2011). "Maserati claims title in Superstars Series with Quattroporte Evo". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  30. ^ "Specifications of new engines Maserati Quattroporte". Retrieved 2012-11-16. 
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