|Awards||CPJ International Press Freedom Award (2000)|
Mashallah Shamsolvaezin is an Iranian newspaper and magazine publisher who edited many of post-revolutionary Iran's first and most widely circulated independent newspapers, including Kayhan, Jame'eh, Neshat, and Asr-e Azadegan. He currently serves as the spokesman for the Iranian Committee for the Defense of Freedom of the Press, and also as vice president of the Association of Iranian Journalists. Shamsolvaezin has been imprisoned multiple times for his journalistic activities.
Work as editor of Kayhan
Shamsolvaezin served as the founding editor-in-chief of the magazine Kayhan. Kayhan served as a platform for spirited debate among intellectuals, and published work by the leading Iranian thinker Abdulkarim Soroush. On the importance of Kayhan, Forough Jahanbakhsh wrote: "The journal Kiyan ... can be credited for its seminal role in fostering the growth of the religious intellectual discourse of post-revolutionary Iran."
History of Kayhan
In 1984, the magazine Kayhan-i Farghani (Cultural Foundations) was founded by Sayyid Mostafa Rokhsefat, Sayyid Kamal Hajj, Sayyid Javadi and Hasan Montazer Qa'im. Kayhan-i Farghani was the first monthly magazine of thought and literature to be published after the Islamic revolution. It addressed a broad range of provocative issues, including social justice, the relationship between religion and science, and the relationship between Islam and the West. The magazine published a groundbreaking series of articles by Abdulkarim Soroush, "The Theoretical Contraction and Expansion of Religion," which laid the foundation for Soroush's influential philosophy of religious modernism. Following controversy over Soroush's articles, the magazine's editorial board was forced to resign, and Kayhan-i Farhangi was closed in 1990.
In 1991, Kayhan-i Farhangi was re-opened in compliance with the cultural policy of the regime and under a new editorial board. Meanwhile, the old editorial board of Kayhan-i Farhangi founded a new journal named Kayhan, with Shamsolvaezin as editor in chief.
Kayhan was ordered closed by Tehran's Press Court on January 17, 2001. Judge Saeed Mortazavi, head of the press court, claimed that Kayhan had ""published lies, disturbed public opinion and insulted sacred law."
Work as editor of Jame'eh, Neshat, and Asr-e Azadegan
In 1998, Shamsolvaezin left Kayhan to serve as editor in chief of a new daily newspaper Jame'eh (Society). Jame'eh gained 300,000 readers after just 7 months of publication, becoming the country's second most widely read newspaper. Jame'eh, which was printed in color, was called "Iran's first civil society newspaper" in advertisements. The readers of Jame'eh were largely young, well-educated, and progressive. The success of this bold, independent newspaper encouraged the establishment of many of other independent newspapers in Iran.
Jame'eh focused attention on the importance of freedom of speech and healthy civil debate. A full-page article published in Jame'eh in June 1998, entitled "Religion, Freedom, and Law," was written by a cleric living in the holy city of Qum, who expanded on Khatami's famous statement that "if religion goes against freedom, it will lose." Another issue in June quoted in its headline an announcement made by Khatami to a gathering of Revolutionary Guards: "Society cannot be moved forward by instilling fear."
However, the government suspended the publishing license for Jame'eh. The journal's name was changed to Tous, and Shamsolvaezin kept publishing. Following a trial, Jame'eh was permanently closed. Shamsolvaezin and Hamid Reza Jalalipour, the director of the publishing company for Jame'eh, were jailed without charges for thirty-five days.
After his release from jail, Shamsolvaezin founded Neshat, another independent newspaper. In September 1999, Neshat was ordered closed and Shamsolvaezin was ordered arrested, after he wrote an article critical of capital punishment in Iran. However, Shamsolvaezin was not imprisoned until November, and in the interim Shamsolvaezin received a license for, founded, and started publication of Asr-e Azadegan (Age of the Free People), which was soon also closed by the Teheran Press Court.
All of Shamsolvaezin's journals published articles written by authors with a wide spectrum of political opinions, including conservatives as well as exiled dissidents and reformists.
Awards and arrests
In June 1998, after Jame'eh was closed, Shamsolvaezin was jailed for thirty-five days and then released without trial. In April 2000, he was sentenced to 30 months in jail for "insulting Islamic principles," for publishing an article critical of capital punishment in Iran as editor of Neshat. He spent 17 months imprisoned at Evin Prison before he was released in the summer of 2001. "We have freedom of expression in Iran. But the problem is freedom after expression," Shamsolvaezin said.
On the morning December 28, 2009, Mashallah Shamsolvaezin was arrested at his Tehran home in the aftermath of the 2009 Ashura protests. Six plainclothes agents reportedly entered Shamsolvaezin's house with a blank warrant. He demanded that police produce a warrant that included his name, but was nevertheless arrested and taken away. He was released on bail on February 28, 2010.
- Oliver Luft (6 January 2010). "IFJ condemns wave of journalists' arrests in Iran". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- "Top Iranian journalists jailed in wake of Ashura protests". CJP. December 29, 2009. Retrieved December 30, 2009.
- Jahanbakhsh, Forough (2001). Islam, democracy and religious modernism in Iran, 1953-2000.
- "Attacks on the Press 2001: Iran". March 2001. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
- Mafinezam, Alidad; Mehrabi, Alia (2008). Iran and its place among nations. Praeger Publishers.
- Zahedi, Dariush (2000). The Iranian revolution then and now: indicators of regime instability. Westview Press.
- "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices". February 23, 2000. Retrieved Jan 1, 2010.
- "CPJ Hears from Imprisoned Iranian Journalist on World Press Freedom Day". May 3, 2001. Retrieved Jan 1, 2010.
- Shazoo, Amyn (2002). "Civil society in the Muslim world: contemporary perspectives". Islamic Publications Ltd.
- Shadid, Anthony (2002). Legacy of the prophet: despots, democrats, and the new politics of Islam. Westview Press.
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