Mashhad, Israel

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Mashhad
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew מַשְׁהַד
 • ISO 259 Mašhad
 • Also spelled Meshhed (official)
Mashhed (unofficial)
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic مشهد
Mashhad is located in Israel
Mashhad
Mashhad
Coordinates: 32°44′16.07″N 35°19′32.29″E / 32.7377972°N 35.3256361°E / 32.7377972; 35.3256361Coordinates: 32°44′16.07″N 35°19′32.29″E / 32.7377972°N 35.3256361°E / 32.7377972; 35.3256361
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1960)
Area
 • Total 7,286 dunams (7.286 km2 or 2.813 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 6,700
Name meaning "The shrine or place of martyrdom"[1]

Mashhad (Hebrew: מַשְׁהַד, Arabic: مشهد‎, Mash-hed transliteration, grave of a holy man) is an Arab town located 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) northeast of Nazareth in Israel's North District. According to the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 6,700 mostly Muslim inhabitants.[2][3]

History[edit]

Traces of ancient ruins have been found.[4]

In 1517, the village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the Ottoman tax registers under the name of Mashad Yunis, as being in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Tabariyya under the Liwa of Safad. It had a population of 31 households and 6 bachelors, all Muslim, who paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat and barley, fruit trees, vegetable and fruit garden, orchard, as well as on goats and/or beehives.[5]

In 1875, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he estimated had at most 300 inhabitants.[6] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Meshed as "A small village, built of stone, surrounding the traditional tomb of Jonah -a low building surmounted by two white- washed domes. It contains about 300 Moslems, and is situated on the top of a hill, without gardens. The water supply is from cisterns."[7]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Mashad had a total population of 356, all Muslim,[8] which had increased in the 1931 census to 487; 486 Muslims and 1 Christian, in a total of 111 houses.[9]

In 1945 the population was 660, all Arabs, with 11,067 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[10] Of this, 378 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 4,663 for cereals,[11] while 24 dunams were built-up land.[12]

Mashhad became a local council in 1960.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 131
  2. ^ Population of Localities numbering above 1,000 residents Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, pp.2.
  3. ^ Mashhed (Israel): Description Gutterman, Dov. FOTW.
  4. ^ "This place is probably the Gittah-Hepher or (Gath ha Hepher of (Joshua 19:13), and (2 Kings 14:25). Jerome says that the prophet Jonah was buried at Gath, about two miles from Sepphoris. Benjamin of Tudela, says that the prophet's tomb was on a hill near Sepphoris. Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 413.
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 188
  6. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 165 ff
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 363.
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 74
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 62
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 109
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 159

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]