Mashwanis

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The Mashwani (also Moshwani, Mishwani, or Miswani) (Urdu: مشوانی‎) are an indigenous tribe of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa allied to the Pashtun, living predominantly in Pakistan today[citation needed].

History[edit]

The Mashwani tribe claims descent from the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and her husband Ali Ibne Abu Talib[citation needed] but most scholars and historians agree they are probably of Indo-European origins.[1]

Historical role[edit]

The Mashwanis played an active role in resistance against the Sikh invasion and occupation of the Hazara region during the 19th century.[2] During the Sikh occupation of Hazara, Muslims were persecuted and Muslim monuments were destroyed[citation needed].

Mashwanis have been historically soldiers and were part of different armies, especially the British Indian Army which they enrolled in, in sizable numbers between the 1850s and 1940s.[3] Many Mashwanis are now soldiers in the Pakistan Army[citation needed].

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Gankovsky, Y, The Peoples of Pakistan', 1961 ed; and Dani, AH 'Ethnicity and culture in North-West Pakistan', Karachi, 1974
  2. ^ Dr SB Panni, Tareekh i Hazara Urdu, 1969
  3. ^ Petrie, Major GJ Recruitment of Various Tribes of North Punjab and NWFP Calcutta, 1945

[1]

  • Tawareekh-e-Farishta Part I-II
  • Tareekh-e-Hazara
  • Tareekh-e-Tibri
  • Muarat-al-Asraar
  • Khazina-e-Asfiya Part-I (Persian)
  • Siraj-al-Tawareek (Persian)
  • Daar-ul-Muaarif
  • Khursheed Jahaan (Persian)
  • Tuzk-e-Jahangiri
  • Tareekh-e-Jaduliya