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The Mashwani tribe claims descent from the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and her husband Ali Ibne Abu Talib but most scholars and historians agree they are probably of Indo-European origins.
The Mashwanis played an active role in resistance against the Sikh invasion and occupation of the Hazara region during the 19th century. During the Sikh occupation of Hazara, Muslims were persecuted and Muslim monuments were destroyed.
Mashwanis have been historically soldiers and were part of different armies, especially the British Indian Army which they enrolled in, in sizable numbers between the 1850s and 1940s. Many Mashwanis are now soldiers in the Pakistan Army.
- See Gankovsky, Y, The Peoples of Pakistan', 1961 ed; and Dani, AH 'Ethnicity and culture in North-West Pakistan', Karachi, 1974
- Dr SB Panni, Tareekh i Hazara Urdu, 1969
- Petrie, Major GJ Recruitment of Various Tribes of North Punjab and NWFP Calcutta, 1945
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2014)|
- Tawareekh-e-Farishta Part I-II
- Khazina-e-Asfiya Part-I (Persian)
- Siraj-al-Tawareek (Persian)
- Khursheed Jahaan (Persian)