Masjed Soleyman

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For the administrative subdivision, see Masjed Soleyman County.
Masjed Soleyman
مسجدسليمان
city
Masjed Soleyman is located in Iran
Masjed Soleyman
Masjed Soleyman
Coordinates: 31°56′11″N 49°18′14″E / 31.93639°N 49.30389°E / 31.93639; 49.30389Coordinates: 31°56′11″N 49°18′14″E / 31.93639°N 49.30389°E / 31.93639; 49.30389
Country  Iran
Province Khuzestan
County Masjed Soleyman
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 206,121
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Masjed Soleyman (Lurish:مسلیموو, Mas-seleymoo,Persian: مسجدسليمان‎; also Romanized as Masjed Soleymān, Masjed-e Soleymān, Masjed Soleiman, and Masjid-i-Sulaiman)[1] is a city in and the capital of Masjed Soleyman County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 206,121, in 51,530 families.[2] Masjed Soleiman is a historical city which is located among the Zagros Mountains

Geography[edit]

Masjed Soleyman was inhabited by various clans of Bakhtiari tribes but oil exploration in this area attracted other people from other parts of Bakhtiari zones to this city for trade or jobs.

Main sights[edit]

Masjed Soleiman's most interesting parish is Tembi, and historical and ancient site is Sarmasjed Temple in the northeast. Sarmasjed temple is on the verge of Sarmasjed terrace, in ancient time fire had been continuously flaming inside it. And according to historians was the capital of Achaemenian Reign. Among other Masjed Soleiman ancient relics, we can suggest the ancient Temple of Bard-e-Neshande.

History[edit]

Ancient history and etymology[edit]

According to historical scripts, In elamite empire the name of masjed soleyman was Assak and after following the Persian invasion this name change to parsomash. They founded the city of Parsumash in memory of their motherland near the city of Anshan which is the fatherland of Pasargadae and Persepolis.

A French archaeological expedition under the supervision of Prof. Roman Ghirshman made some important discoveries. Ghirshman believes Parsomash (present-day Masjed Soleyman) was the oldest capital of the Achaemenian Kingdom.

Contemporary history[edit]

Masjed Soleyman's importance today is in oil exploration. William Knox D'Arcy, by contract with King Mozaffaroddin Qajar, obtained permission to explore for oil for the first time in the Middle East, near this city. This event changed the history of Iran and the Middle East. The oil discovery led to petrochemical industry development and also the establishment of industries that strongly depended on oil.

Notable people[edit]

  • Mohsen Rezaei (1954–), Iranian politician, economist and former military commander
  • Bijan Allipour (1949–), Iranian business executive. CEO of NISOC.[3]
  • Frank Nezhadpournia (1971–), Iranian, Karate Master, Author, Pilot, first Anglo-Iranian to return for military service.
  • Mehran Karimi Nasseri (1942–), Iranian refugee who lived in the departure lounge of Terminal One in Charles de Gaulle Airport from 26 August 1988 until July 2006

References[edit]

  1. ^ Masjed Soleyman can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3074315" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ "Iran's NIOC dismisses head of National Iranian South Oil Company". businessweek. Retrieved 2014-10-18.