Scoville Square

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Masonic Temple Building
Oak Park MasonicTemple Building.jpg
Scoville Square is located in Illinois
Scoville Square
Location 119—137 N. Oak Park Ave., Oak Park, Illinois
Coordinates 41°53′17″N 87°47′41″W / 41.88806°N 87.79472°W / 41.88806; -87.79472Coordinates: 41°53′17″N 87°47′41″W / 41.88806°N 87.79472°W / 41.88806; -87.79472
Area 0.5 acres (0.20 ha)
Built 1906–1909
Architect Eben Ezra Roberts
Architectural style Prairie School
NRHP Reference # 82002532[1][2]
Added to NRHP February 11, 1982

Scoville Square (also known as the Scoville Block, Gilmore's Store, and the Masonic Temple Building) is an historic Prairie Style building in Oak Park, Illinois, at the corner of Oak Park Avenue and Lake Street. It is in the Ridgeland-Oak Park Historic District and was individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[1][2][3]

The building is one of only a few commercial buildings built in the Prairie School architectural style.[4] The three-story building was built for C. B. Scoville to a design by E. E. Roberts and was constructed between 1906 and 1909. The first floor was designed for retail use, with iron and glass storefronts. A course of limestone separates the storefronts from the upper stories, which are faced with brick.[3] A fourth story was added in 1914.[3] Architectural details in the interior include an oak staircase and a lobby with leaded art-glass windows and marble wainscoting.[4]

Oak Park's Masonic lodges were among the building's first tenants.[4] After the Masons vacated the premises, the building was sold to Gilmore's Department Store. The department store used the building from 1930 until it closed in the 1970s.[3][4][5] After Gilmore's department store closed, the village of Oak Park bought the building to save it from demolition and contributed public money toward its restoration and renovation. Restoration work including removal of a black glass facade that Gilmore's had applied to the building.[3][5] The building is now known as the Scoville Square building and houses retail business on the ground floor and offices on its upper floors.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Property Information Report, Masonic Temple Building". Historic Architectural Resources Geographic Information System. Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Architectural Survey: Downtown Oak Park and the Avenue Business District (1975; updated 1981 and 2002)". Oak Park Historic Preservation Commission. January 9, 2003. p. 46. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "history". Scoville Square website. 3planets.com. 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Little, Anne (February 26, 1986). "Oak Park: A Developing Story; Village`s Economic Creativeness Means Business". Chicago Tribune. 

External links[edit]