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Masorah or Mesora, (Hebrew: מסורה) refers either to the transmission of a (religious) tradition, or to the tradition itself. In a broad sense the term can refer to the entire chain of Jewish tradition: see Oral law in Judaism. In a narrow sense the term refers to the Masoretic Text comprising a system of diacritical and cantillation marks of the Tanakh (Jewish Bible), to "pass down" the precise text: see Masoretes.
The term is used in the first sense in the following organizational titles:
- Masorati or Shomer Masoret (also: "Masorti/Masorati Judaism")—meaning "Traditionalist", religiously "traditional"—Israeli Jews (up to 50%)
- Masorti Judaism since 1990, the name used for Conservative Judaism—the conservative branch of the Reform movement in Ashkenasi Judaism—in Australia, the U.S.A., the EU, as well as in the State of Israel (0.25% of Israeli Jews)
- "Mesorah" ("Mesorah Publications Ltd."), publishers of the Artscroll range of Jewish literature.
- "Torah Umesorah" (Torah Umesorah-National Society for Hebrew Day Schools), a Haredi Judaism educational organization in the United States.
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