Mass-gathering medicine

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Mass Gathering Medicine is a field of medicine that explores the health effects/risks of mass gatherings and the strategies that contribute positively to effective health services delivery during these events.[1] .[2][3] The reason for the development of the field of medicine gives the fact that mass gatherings generate a higher incidence of injury and illness, may be the subject to a catastrophic accident or attack with large numbers of injured or dead persons.[4][5]

Mass Gathering Medicine is viewed as a niche field of prehospital care in emergency medicine at the University of British Columbia [6]

Among factors influencing on the demand for the health care at mass gatherings [7] are:

  • the weather,
  • duration of the event,
  • if the crowd moves,
  • containment of the event (fenced/contained or not),
  • availability of alcohol/drugs,
  • the density of the crowd et al.,
  • possibility for spreading of communicable diseases [8]

Key purposes of Mass Gathering Medical Services at an event[9] are:

  • rapid access to the injured or ill patients,
  • effective stabilizing and transporting injured or ill patients,
  • on-site care for minor injuries and illnesses.

The Department of Global Alert and Response of the World Health Organization supports Member States hosting mass gatherings .[10]

Mass gathering medicine support requires planning in advance.[11]

Medical journal The Lancet held a conference on Mass Gathering Medicine in October 2010 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia .[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://pdm.medicine.wisc.edu/Volume_22/issue_2/arbon.pdf
  2. ^ Arbon P: Mass gathering medicine: A review of the evidence and future directions for research. Prehosp Didast Med 2007;22(2):131-135
  3. ^ "Public Health Preparedness for Mass Gatherings". Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  4. ^ Franaszek J:Medical care at mass gatherings. Ann Emerg Med 1986;15:60-61
  5. ^ Thompson JM et al:Level of medical care required for mass gatherings: The XV Winter Olympic Games in Calgary, Canada. Ann Emerg Med 1991;20(4):385-390
  6. ^ http://mgm.sites.olt.ubc.ca/
  7. ^ Milsten AM et al: Mass gathering medical care: A review of the literature. Prehosp Disaster Med 2002;17(3):151-162
  8. ^ "Communicable disease alert and response for mass gatherings". Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  9. ^ De Lorenzo RA:Mass gathering medicine: A review. Prehosp Disaster Med 1997;12(1):68-72
  10. ^ "Mass Gatherings and Public Health". 2007. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  11. ^ http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro/massgatherings.html Public Health Preparedness for Mass Gatherings
  12. ^ http://conferences.thelancet.com/massgatherings/