Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region

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Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region
โครงข่ายระบบรถไฟฟ้าขนส่งมวลชนในกรุงเทพฯ Crop.svg
Transit lines according to M-Map, plus the Bangkok BRT
Background
Owner BMA, MRTA, and SRT
Locale Bangkok Metropolitan Region
Transit type Heavy rail, light rail, monorail, and commuter rail
Number of lines 5
Number of stations 65
Daily ridership 884,000
Operation
Began operation 1999
Operator(s) BMA, MRTA, and SRT
Technical
System length 81.28 mi (130.81 km)
Electrification Overhead line and Third rail
Top speed 80 mph (130 km/h)
160 mph (260 km/h)

The Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region or M-Map is the latest version in a series of Thai government plans for the development of an urban rail transit network serving the Greater Bangkok area. It was drafted under the care of the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP) of the Ministry of Transport.

Early versions[edit]

Mass Rapid Transit Systems Master Plan (MTMP)[edit]

The first version of the plan, endorsed by the cabinet on 27 September 1994 and to be implemented from 1995 to 2011, consisted of an extension of 135 kilometres (84 mi) to the three systems already in progress (the MRT Blue Line, the Sukhumvit and Silom lines of the BTS Skytrain and the Bangkok Elevated Road and Train System (BERTS)), which would have had a combined length of 103 kilometres (64 mi).[1]

Urban Rail Transportation Master Plan in Bangkok and Surrounding Areas (URMAP)[edit]

Following the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis and the cancellation of the BERTS, a system totalling 375 kilometres (233 mi) to begin in 2001 was proposed, to be developed in three stages: 141.9 kilometres (88.2 mi) during 2001–11, 158.2 kilometres (98.3 mi) during 2012–21 and 75.3 kilometres (46.8 mi) from 2022 onwards.[1]

Bangkok Mass Transit Master Plan (BMT)[edit]

Due to the slow progress of development following URMAP, a new plan was drafted consisting of 291 kilometres (181 mi) of rail in addition to the then-completed Blue Line of the MRT and the Sukhumvit and Silom BTS lines, to undergo rapid development during 2004–09. The plan was approved by the cabinet on 7 September 2004, and consisted of the following extensions:

  • Light Green Line: east-west extension of the BTS to Samut Prakan and Phran Nok
  • Dark Green Line: north-south extension of the BTS to Saphan Mai and Bang Wa
  • Blue Line: extension of the MRT Blue Line to complete an inner ring with a branch to Bang Khae
  • Purple Line: running northwest–south from Bang Yai, Nonthaburi to Rat Burana
  • Orange Line: running east–west from Bang Kapi to Bang Bamru
  • Dark Red Line: running north–southwest from Rangsit, Pathum Thani to Maha Chai, Samut Sakhon
  • Light Red Line: running east-west from Suvarnabhumi to Taling Chan


M-Map[edit]

The current plan was endorsed by the Commission for the Management of Land Traffic, chaired by then-Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva, on 8 February 2010.[2] It designates eight primary routes, consisting of two commuter rail lines, an airport rail link, and five rapid transit lines, as well as four feeder lines. The routes, totalling 508 kilometres (316 mi), are to be constructed within a development period of twenty years (2010–29). They are:[3]

Primary lines
Commuter rail SRT Dark Red Line Thammasat – Maha Chai
SRT Light Red Line Sala Ya – Taling Chan – Hua Mak
Airport Rail Link and extension Phaya Thai – Bang Sue – Don Mueang
Rapid transit Dark Green Line, extension of the BTS Sukhumvit Line Lam Luk Ka – Saphan Mai – Mo Chit – On Nut – Bearing – Samut Prakan – Bang Pu
Light Green Line, extension of the BTS Silom Line Yot Se – Taksin Bridge – Bang Wa
Blue Line, extension of the MRT Blue Line Bang Sue – Tha Phra, Hua Lamphong – Bang Khae – Phutthamonthon Sai 4
Purple Line Bang Yai – Rat Burana
Orange Line Taling Chan – Min Buri
Feeder lines
Monorail Pink Line Khae Rai – Pak Kret – Min Buri
Yellow Line Lat Phrao – Samrong
Brown Line Khae Rai – Bueng Kum
Grey Line Watcharaphon – Rama IX Bridge
Light Blue Line Din Daeng – Sathon

Development is divided into three stages, in addition to those lines already open or under construction:[4]

As of 2014
In service 81.28 kilometres (50.51 mi) ~28.93%
Under construction 98.62 kilometres (61.28 mi) ~35.36%
Planned more than 100 kilometres (62 mi) ~35.71%

Network[edit]

Systems[edit]

System Began operation Lines in operation Lengths in operation Stations in operation Opearators
BTS LOGO.gif Bangkok Rapid Transit 1999 2 36.92 km (22.94 mi) 35 BTSC / KT
MRT (Bangkok) logo.svg MRT 2004 1 21 km (13 mi) 18 BMCL
Bangkok MRT Red line unofficial logo.png SRT Red Lines 2010 2 43.6 km (27.1 mi) 11 SRT
Cancelled
No image.png BERTS 1995
(cancelled)
5 60.1 km (37.3 mi) N/A HH
No image.png Lavalin Skytrain N/A 3 61 km (38 mi) N/A SNC-LVL

Lines in operation[edit]

Line System Began operation Number of stations Lengths Daily ridership Terminus Opearators
Initial part Last extension
Bangkok MRT Light Green line unofficial logo.png Sukhumvit Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 1999 2011 22 22.25 km (13.83 mi) combined 650,000[5] Mo Chit
Bearing
BTSC / KT
Bangkok MRT Dark Green line unofficial logo.png Silom Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 1999 2013 13 14.67 km (9.12 mi) National Stadium
Bang Wa
BTSC / KT
Bangkok MRT Blue line unofficial logo.png MRT Blue Line MRT 2004 - 18 21 km (13 mi) 240,000[6] Hua Lamphong
Bang Sue
BMCL
Bangkok Airport Link unofficial logo.png Airport Rail Link SRT Red Lines 2010 - 8 28.6 km (17.8 mi) 49,000[7] Suvarnabhumi
Phaya Thai
SRT
Bangkok MRT Light Red line unofficial logo.png SRT Light Red Line SRT Red Lines 2012
(trial)
- 3 15 km (9.3 mi)  ? Taling Chan
Bang Son
SRT

Lines under construction[edit]

Line System Began construction Number of station Lengths Terminus Operators
Bangkok MRT Light Green line unofficial logo.png Sukhumvit Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 2013 9 12.6 km (7.8 mi) Bearing
Kheha Samut Prakan
MRTA
Bangkok MRT Blue line unofficial logo.png MRT Blue Line MRT 2011 10 13 km (8.1 mi) Bang Sue
Tha Phra
BMCL
Bangkok MRT Blue line unofficial logo.png MRT Blue Line MRT 2011 14 13.8 km (8.6 mi) Hua Lamphong
Lak Song
BMCL
Bangkok MRT Purple line unofficial logo.png MRT Purple Line MRT 2010 16 23 km (14 mi) Khlong Bang Phai
Tao Pun
BMCL
Bangkok MRT Red line unofficial logo.png SRT Dark Red Line SRT Red Lines 2013 13 36.22 km (22.51 mi) Thammasat University
Bang Sue
SRT

Lines planned[edit]

Line System Number of station Lengths Terminus Operators
Bangkok MRT Light Green line unofficial logo.png Sukhumvit Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 16 19 km (12 mi) Mo Chit
Khu Khot
MRTA
Bangkok MRT Light Green line unofficial logo.png Sukhumvit Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 4 6.5 km (4.0 mi) Khu Khot
Eastern Outer Ring
MRTA
Bangkok MRT Light Green line unofficial logo.png Sukhumvit Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 4 7 km (4.3 mi) Kheha Samut Prakan
Bang Pu
MRTA
Bangkok MRT Light Green line unofficial logo.png Bangna-Suvarnabhumi LRT Bangkok Rapid Transit 12 ~20 km (12 mi) Udom Suk
Suvarnabhumi / Wat Si Wari Noi
BTSC / KT
Bangkok MRT Dark Green line unofficial logo.png Silom Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 1 1 km (0.62 mi) National Stadium
Yot Se
BTSC / KT
Bangkok MRT Dark Green line unofficial logo.png Silom Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 6 7 km (4.3 mi) Bang Wa
Taling Chan
BTSC / KT
No image.png MRT Grey Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 21 26 km (16 mi) Watcharaphon
Rama IX Bridge
KT
Bangkok MRT Light Blue line unofficial logo.png MRT Light Blue Line Bangkok Rapid Transit 9 9.5 km (5.9 mi) Pracha Songkhro
Chong Nonsi
KT
No image.png Chula-Siam Monorail Bangkok Rapid Transit 11 6.7 km (4.2 mi) Siam Square
Sam Yan
KT / CU
No image.png Grand Square Phra Ram 9 Monorail Bangkok Rapid Transit 4 0.8 km (0.50 mi) Phra Ram 9
Phetchaburi
KT / GC
No image.png Ramkhamhaeng-Thonglo Monorail Bangkok Rapid Transit 9 11.1 km (6.9 mi) Ramkhamhaeng University
Thong Lo
KT
No image.png Bangkok City Hall-Thanon Yothee Monorail Bangkok Rapid Transit 7 ~7 km (4.3 mi) Bangkok City Hall 2
Phra Ram 6
KT
Bangkok MRT Blue line unofficial logo.png MRT Blue Line MRT 4 8 km (5.0 mi) Lak Song
Phutthamonthon Sai 4
BMCL
Bangkok MRT Purple line unofficial logo.png MRT Purple Line MRT 17 23.6 km (14.7 mi) Tao Pun
Khru Nai
BMCL
Bangkok MRT Orange line unofficial logo.png MRT Orange Line MRT 29 35.4 km (22.0 mi) Bang Khun Non
Suvinthawong
BMCL
Bangkok MRT Pink line unofficial logo.png MRT Pink Line MRT 30 34.5 km (21.4 mi) Nonthaburi Civic Center
Min Buri
BMCL
No image.png MRT Brown Line MRT 21 20.5 km (12.7 mi) Nonthaburi Civic Center
Sammakon
BMCL
Bangkok MRT Yellow line unofficial logo.png MRT Yellow Line MRT 21 30.4 km (18.9 mi) Ratchada/Lat Phrao
Samrong
BMCL
Bangkok Airport Link unofficial logo.png Airport Rail Link SRT Red Lines 2 7.9 km (4.9 mi) Phaya Thai
Bang Sue
SRT
Bangkok MRT Light Red line unofficial logo.png SRT Light Red Line SRT Red Lines 3 9 km (5.6 mi) Bang Sue
City Air Terminal
SRT
Bangkok MRT Light Red line unofficial logo.png SRT Light Red Line SRT Red Lines 3 10 km (6.2 mi) City Air Terminal
Hua Mak
SRT
Bangkok MRT Light Red line unofficial logo.png SRT Light Red Line SRT Red Lines 4 12 km (7.5 mi) Taling Chan
Sala Ya
SRT
Bangkok MRT Light Red line unofficial logo.png SRT Light Red Line SRT Red Lines 3 6.5 km (4.0 mi) Taling Chan
Thonburi-Siriraj
SRT
Bangkok MRT Light Red line unofficial logo.png SRT Light Red Line
Inner City Shortcut
SRT Red Lines 5 10.5 km (6.5 mi) Bang Bamru
City Air Terminal
SRT

Map[edit]

Transit lines according to M-Map, plus the Bangkok BRT

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "เส้นทางปรับแผนรถไฟฟ้า". Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region website (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Hoonsara, Samatcha; Jeerawan Prasomsap (9 February 2010). "Commission approves new Skytrain routes". The Nation. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "แผนแม่บทระบบขนส่งมวลชนทางรางในเขตกรุงเทพฯและปริมณฑล พ.ศ.2553-2572 (Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region)" (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "ความก้าวหน้าโครงการ". Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region website (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.moneychannel.co.th/index.php/2012-06-30-12-32-32/23175-aej40.html
  6. ^ http://www.nationmultimedia.com/business/New-BMCL-boss-eyes-boosting-commercial-revenue-30172472.html
  7. ^ http://thainews.prd.go.th/centerweb/news/NewsDetail?NT01_NewsID=WNECO5612140020003

External links[edit]

External images
Official OTP map