Mass in C major (Beethoven)
Ludwig van Beethoven wrote his Mass in C major, Op. 86, to a commission from Prince Nikolaus Esterházy II in 1807. In fulfilling this commission, Beethoven was extending a tradition established by Joseph Haydn, who following his return from England in 1795 had composed one mass per year for the Esterházy family, to celebrate the name day of the Prince's wife. Haydn had ceased this tradition with the failure of his health in 1802.
Prince Nikolaus did not appreciate the mass, causing Beethoven to leave his house in a rage. Charles Rosen, in The Classical Style, has called the episode Beethoven's "most humiliating public failure". The mass is appreciated by critics (such as Rosen), but is probably one of the least often performed of Beethoven's larger works.
Of the work, Michael Moore writes "While [it] is often overshadowed by the immense Missa Solemnis, written some fifteen years later, it has a directness and an emotional content that the latter work sometimes lacks." The Penguin Guide to Compact Discs (2004 edition) forthrightly calls the work a "long-underrated masterpiece."
- Kyrie – "Lord have mercy, Christ have mercy"
- Gloria (Qui tollis – Quoniam)
- Sanctus (Benedictus – Osanna)
- Agnus Dei (Dona nobis pacem)
- Akutagawa, Donna; McMillan, Jeff (1996). "Comparison to Mass in C". CalTech. Retrieved 2015-05-14.
- Jones, David Wyn (2003). Beethoven: Mass in C Major (PDF) (CD). Chandos Records. CHAN0703.
- Kerman, Joseph (1992). Beethoven: Messe in C - Ah! Perfido (CD). Deutsche Grammophon. DG 435319-2.
- Marston, Nicholas (2006). Beethoven: Mass in C major, Op. 86 (PDF) (CD). Hyperion Records. CDH55263. Retrieved 2015-05-15.
- Moore, Michael (1999). "Program Notes: Beethoven - Merryman - St. Pierre" (PDF). Mendelssohn Club of Philadelphia. Retrieved 2015-05-14.
- Free scores of this work in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki) (arrangement for piano and voice)
- Mass in C major: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Mass in C-major (MIDI), with practice files (MP3) for choristers
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