Massa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Massa (disambiguation).
Massa
Comune
Città di Massa
Marina di Massa
Marina di Massa
Coat of arms of Massa
Coat of arms
Massa within the province of Massa and Carrara
Massa within the province of Massa and Carrara
Massa is located in Italy
Massa
Massa
Location of Massa in Italy
Coordinates: 44°02′N 10°08′E / 44.033°N 10.133°E / 44.033; 10.133Coordinates: 44°02′N 10°08′E / 44.033°N 10.133°E / 44.033; 10.133
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Massa and Carrara (MS)
Frazioni see list
Government
 • Mayor Alessandro Volpi
Area
 • Total 94.1 km2 (36.3 sq mi)
Elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Population (30 November 2012)[1]
 • Total 69,004
 • Density 730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym Massesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 54100
Dialing code 0585
Patron saint St. Francis of Assisi
Saint day October 4
Website Official website

Massa About this sound listen  is a town and comune in Tuscany, central Italy, the administrative centre of the province of Massa and Carrara. It is located in the Frigido River Valley, near the Alpi Apuane, some 5 km (3 mi) from the Tyrrhenian Sea.

History[edit]

Massa is mentioned for the first time in the Tabula Peutingeriana, a 2nd-4th century AD itinerary, with the name ad Tabernas frigidas, referring perhaps to a stage on the Via Aemilia Scauri consular road from Pisa to Luni.

From the 15th to the 19th century, Massa was the capital of the independent Principate (later Duchy) of Massa and Carrara, ruled by the Malaspina and Cybo-Malaspina families. Massa is the first recorded town in Europe in which the magnetic needle compass was used in mines to map them and determine the extent of various mine owners' properties.[citation needed]

In 1829 the city was handed over to the Austrian branch of the Este family. In 1859, during the unification of Italy process, it joined the Kingdom of Sardinia.

Geography[edit]

Located in south of the province, near the borders with the Province of Lucca, Massa is a coastal town by the Tyrrhenian Sea. The municipality borders with Carrara, Fivizzano, Minucciano (LU), Montignoso, Seravezza (LU), Stazzema (LU) and Vagli Sotto (LU).

Frazioni[edit]

Massa counts several hamlets (frazioni): Altagnana, Alteta, Antona, Baita, Bargana, Bergiola, Bondano, Borgo del Ponte, Bozzone, Ca' di Cecco, Caglieglia, Campareccia, Canevara, Capaccola, Casania, Casette, Casone, Castagnara, Castagnetola, Castagnola, Cervara, Cinque Vie, Ciremea, Codupino, Cupido, Forno, La Gioconda, Gotara, Gronda, Grondini, Guadine, Le Iare, Lavacchio, Marina di Massa, Mirteto, Monte Pepe, Ortola, Pariana, Partaccia, Pian della Fioba, Poggi, Poggiolo, Poggioletto, il Ponte, Poveromo, Poveromo Macchie, Pratta, Puliche, Quercioli, Redicesi, Remola, Resceto, Ricortola, Rinchiostra, Rocca, Romagnano, Ronchi, San Carlo Terme, San Cristoforo, San Leonardo, San Lorenzo, Santa Lucia, Il Santo, Sei ponti, Turano, Vergheto, Le Villette, Volpigliano, Zecca.[citation needed]

Main sights[edit]

Massa's sights include:

  • The Malaspina Castle (15th century), overlooking the city from a hill
  • The Renaissance Ducal Palace, on the Piazza Aranci
  • The Cathedral
  • Piazza degli Aranci
  • Piazza Mercurio
  • Marina di Massa

The Orto Botanico delle Alpi Apuane "Pietro Pellegrini" is a mountain botanical garden maintained by the city.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The Massa area is of high touristic value and also hosts a concentration of some 600 industrial and craft activities, located within the so-called Apuan Industrial Zone, with a direct employment of more than 7,000 people. Together with the twin town of Carrara, Massa is known for the extraction and production of marble.

Transport[edit]

Massa Centro railway station, opened in 1862, forms part of the Pisa–La Spezia–Genoa railway. The city is also served by the A12 motorway, the national highway SS1 "Aurelia", and counts a minor airport (IATA: QMM, ICAO: LILQ) in the neighboring village of Cinquale. From 1890 to 1932 Massa counted a railway line from Marina to Forno and, from 1922 to 1975, a monorail serving a marble quarry named Lizza di Piastreta.[2]

International relations[edit]

Massa is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population data from Istat
  2. ^ (Italian) Article on alpiapuane.com

Sources[edit]

  • Menziani, Alberto (2011). "Massa dall'Unità d'Italia alla Prima Guerra Mondiale: mezzo secolo di stori urbanistica o la nascita della città contemporanea". Atti e Memorie della Deputazione di storia patria per le antiche provincie modenesi. pp. 261–300. 

External links[edit]