Massa Marittima

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Massa Marittima
Comune
Comune di Massa Marittima
Massa Marittima 001.jpg
Coat of arms of Massa Marittima
Coat of arms
Massa Marittima is located in Italy
Massa Marittima
Massa Marittima
Location of Massa Marittima in Italy
Coordinates: 43°03′00″N 10°53′37″E / 43.05000°N 10.89361°E / 43.05000; 10.89361
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Grosseto (GR)
Frazioni Ghirlanda, Niccioleta, Prata, Tatti, Valpiana
Government
 • Mayor Lidia Bai (since June 2004)
Area
 • Total 283.73 km2 (109.55 sq mi)
Elevation 380 m (1,250 ft)
Population (3 December 2009)
 • Total 8,820
 • Density 31/km2 (81/sq mi)
Demonym Massetani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 58024
Dialing code 0566
Patron saint Saint Cerbonius
Saint day October 10
Website Official website

Massa Marittima is a town and comune of the province of Grosseto, southern Tuscany, Italy, 49 km NNW of Grosseto.

There are mineral springs, mines of iron, mercury, lignite and copper, with foundries, ironworks and olive-oil mills. At Follonica, on the coast, are the furnaces in which are smelted the iron ore of Elba.

History[edit]

The town appeared in the early Middle Ages, the bishopric seat of Populonia being moved here around 1000 AD. After the initial domination of the Republic of Pisa, it became an independent commune in the 13th century.

In the following century it was conquered by Siena, to which it belonged until it became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in the mid-16th century.

Main sights[edit]

  • The 13th century Saint Cerbonius Cathedral (13th century). The church is in Romanesque-Pisane style, and is on the Latin cross plan, with a nave and two aisles divided by cruciform pilasters and cylindrical columns. The central portal has lion sculptures and five panels with stories of Saint Cerbonius, to whom the cathedral is dedicated. The rose window has a rare 14th century glass with the Redeemer in Glory and Histories of St. Cerbonius. The interior is home to a Romanesque font (1267 with a cover of 1447), a Gothic reliquary (1324) of Saint Cerbonius, a Maestà attributed to Duccio di Buoninsegna (1316) and 14th-century fresco under which is a Roman sarcophagus from the 4th century AD.
  • The battlemented Palazzo Pretorio. It houses the Archaeological Museum, containing a work by Ambrogio Lorenzetti.
  • The Cassero Senese (Sienese Fortress), built in the 13th–14th centuries.
  • Monteregio Castle, built by the Aldobrandeschi in the 9th century, later used as the bishops' residence.
  • Church of St. Francis, founded, according to the tradition, by the saint himself in Gothic style. It houses an Assumption by Raffaello Vanni.
  • Fonti dell'Abbondanza, of the 13th century, the end point of a water supply project. This palazzo features a unique fresco of a tree doted with phalluses, dubbed The Fertility Tree after its discovery in 2000.[1]
  • Church of St. Augustine (14th century), with a Renaissance cloister.
  • Palazzo del Podestà.
  • Palazzo delle Armi, in Renaissance style.
  • Church of San Rocco (15th century).
  • Native house of San Bernardino da Siena.

In the frazione of Prata are a medieval castle with two towers and the Pieve of Santa Maria Assunta. The walled borough ot Tatti includes the medieval church of San Sebastiano and another Cassero.

Massa Marittima

Notable people[edit]

Massa Marittima is possibly the birthplace of the fourth-century emperor Constantius Gallus.[2] In 1380, San Bernardino da Siena was born there.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stiles, Donna. "Art in The Middle Ages: Unrivaled Medieval Art". Maremma Guide. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  2. ^ Smith, William (1854). "Massa". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. Perseus Digital Library. 

External links[edit]