Massachusetts's 6th congressional district

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Massachusetts's 6th congressional district
Massachusetts's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Massachusetts's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative John F. Tierney (DSalem)
Area 480.31 mi²
Distribution 63.15% urban, 36.85% rural
Population (2000) 636,554
Median income $76,942[1]
Ethnicity 89.8% White,
2.2% Black,
2.5% Asian,
4.4% Hispanic,
0.2% Native American,
0.9% other
Occupation 17.2% blue collar,
69.7% white collar,
13.1% gray collar
Cook PVI D+7[2]

Massachusetts's 6th congressional district is located in northeastern Massachusetts. It contains most of Essex County, including the North Shore and Cape Ann. It is represented by John F. Tierney, who has represented the district since January 1997. The shape of the district went through minor changes effective from the elections of 2012 after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census. The towns of Tewksbury and Billerica were added, along with a small portion of the town of Andover.[3]

Cities and towns in the district[edit]

In Essex County:

The cities of: Amesbury, Beverly, Gloucester, Lynn, Newburyport, Peabody, and Salem
The towns of: Andover: Precincts 1, 7A, 8, and 9A, Boxford, Danvers, Essex, Georgetown, Groveland, Hamilton, Ipswich, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marblehead, Merrimac, Middleton, Nahant, Newbury, North Andover, Rockport, Rowley, Salisbury, Saugus, Swampscott, Topsfield, Wenham, and West Newbury.

In Middlesex County:

The towns of: Bedford, Billerica, Burlington, North Reading, Reading, Tewksbury, Wakefield and Wilmington.

Cities and towns in the district prior to 2013[edit]

1840s[edit]

"Amherst, Belchertown, East-Hampton, Enfield, Granby, Greenwich, Hadley, Hatfield, Northampton, Pelham, Prescott, South Hadley, and Ware, in the County of Hampshire; Brimfield, Holland, Longmeadow, Ludlow, Monson, Palmer, Southwick, Springfield, Wales, Westfield, West Springfield, and Wilbraham, in the County of Hampden; Bernardston, Deerfield, Erving, Gill, Greenfield, Leverett, Montague, New Salem, Northfield, Orange, Shutesbury, Sunderland, Warwick, Wendell, and Whately in the County of Franklin; and Athol and Royalston, in the County of Worcester."[4]

1850s[edit]

"The cities of Lynn, Newburyport, and Salem, and the towns of Amesbury, Beverly, Essex, Georgetown, Gloucester, Groveland, Hamilton, Ipswich, Manchester, Marblehead, Newbury, Rockport, Rowley, Salisbury, Wenham, and West Newbury, in the county of Essex."[5]

1890s[edit]

"Suffolk County: City of Boston, wards 3, 4, and 5, and the towns of Chelsea, Revere, and Winthrop. Middlesex County: Towns of Everett, Malden, Medford, Melrose, Reading, Stoneham, Wakefield, and Winchester. Essex County: Towns of Lynn, Nahant, Saugus, and Swampscott."[6]

1910s[edit]

"Essex County: Cities of Beverly, Gloucester, Haverhill, Newburyport, and Salem; towns of Amesbury, Danvers, Essex, Georgetown, Groveland, Hamilton, Ipswich, Manchester, Marblehead, Merrimac, Newbury, Rockport, Rowley, Salisbury, Swampscott, Topsfleld, Wenham, and West Newbury."[7]

1920s-1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

"Counties: Essex, Middlesex. Cities and townships: Amesbury, Bedford, Beverly, Boxford, Burlington, Danvers, Essex, Georgetown, Gloucester, Groveland, Hamilton, Haverhill, Ipswich, Lynn, Lynnfield, Manchester by the Sea, Marblehead, Merrimac, Middleton, Nahant, Newbury, Newburyport, North Andover, North Reading, Peabody, Reading (part), Rockport, Rowley, Salem, Salisbury, Saugus, Swampscott, Topsfield, Wenham, West Newbury, and Wilmington."[8]

2003 to 2013[edit]

The district from 2003 to 2013

In Essex County:

The cities of: Amesbury, Beverly, Gloucester, Lynn, Newburyport, Peabody, and Salem
The towns of: Boxford, Danvers, Essex, Georgetown, Groveland, Hamilton, Ipswich, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marblehead, Merrimac, Middleton, Nahant, Newbury, North Andover, Rockport, Rowley, Salisbury, Saugus, Swampscott, Topsfield, Wenham, and West Newbury.

In Middlesex County:

The towns of: Bedford, Burlington, North Reading, Reading, Wakefield and Wilmington.


List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Note
George Thatcher.jpg George Thatcher Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 4, 1791
Elected in 1788
Redistricted to 8th district
George Leonard of Congress.jpg George Leonard Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1791 –
March 4, 1793
Redistricted from the 7th district and elected here in 1790
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
District discontinued March 4, 1793 –
March 4, 1795
John Reed, Sr. Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 4, 1801
First elected in 1794
Re-elected in 1796
Re-elected in 1798
Retired
Josiah Smith Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1801 –
March 4, 1803
Elected in 1800
Retired
Samuel Taggart Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 4, 1817
First elected in 1802
Re-elected in 1804
Re-elected in 1806
Re-elected in 1808
Re-elected in 1810
Re-elected in 1812
Re-elected in 1814
Retired
Samuel C. Allen Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 4, 1823
First elected in 1816
Re-elected in 1818
Re-elected in 1820
Redistricted to 7th district
John Locke Adams-Clay
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 4, 1825
First elected in 1822
Re-elected in 1824
Re-elected in 1826
Retired
Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 4, 1829
Joseph G. Kendall Anti-Jackson March 4, 1829 –
March 4, 1833
First elected in 1828
Re-elected in 1830
Retired
George Grennell, Jr. Anti-Jackson March 4, 1833 –
March 4, 1837
Redistricted from the 7th district and elected here in 1832
Re-elected in 1834
Re-elected in 1836
Retired
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1839
James Alvord Whig March 4, 1839 –
September 27, 1839
Elected in 1838
Died
Vacant September 27, 1839 –
January 14, 1840
Osmyn Baker.jpg Osmyn Baker Whig January 14, 1840 –
March 4, 1845
First elected to finish Alvord's term
Re-elected to the full term in 1840
Re-elected in 1842
Retired
George Ashmun.png George Ashmun Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 4, 1851
First elected in 1844
Re-elected in 1846
Re-elected in 1848
Retired
George T. Davis Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 4, 1853
Elected in 1850
Retired
Charles Wentworth Upham.png Charles W. Upham Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 4, 1855
Elected in 1852
Lost re-election
Timothy Davis Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 4, 1857
First elected in 1854
Re-elected in 1856
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 4, 1859
John B. Alley[9] Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 4, 1863
First elected in 1858
Re-elected in 1860
Redistricted to the 5th district
Daniel W Gooch.png Daniel W. Gooch Republican March 4, 1863 –
September 1, 1865
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected here in 1862
Re-elected in 1864
Resigned to become Navy agent of the port of Boston
Vacant September 2, 1865 –
December 3, 1865
Nathaniel Prentice Banks.jpg Nathaniel P. Banks[10] Republican December 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1873
First elected to finish Gooch's term
Re-elected in 1866
Re-elected in 1868
Re-elected in 1870
Lost re-election
Bfbutler.jpg Benjamin F. Butler Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 4, 1875
Redistricted from the 5th district and elected here in 1872
Lost re-election
Charles Thompson Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1877
First elected in 1874
Lost re-election
George B. Loring - Brady-Handy.jpg George B. Loring[11] Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1881
First elected in 1876
Re-elected in 1878
Lost renomination
Eben Francis Stone CDV by John Adams Whipple, 1862.jpg Eben F. Stone[12] Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 4, 1883
Elected in 1880
Retired
Henry B. Lovering.png Henry B. Lovering Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1887
First elected in 1882
Re-elected in 1884
Lost re-election
Cabotlodgenationalportrait.jpg Henry Cabot Lodge Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
First elected in 1886
Re-elected in 1888
Re-elected in 1890
Re-elected in 1892, but resigned when elected U.S. Senator
William Cogswell2.jpg William Cogswell Republican March 4, 1893 –
May 22, 1895
Redistricted from the 7th district and elected here in 1892
Re-elected in 1894
Died
Vacant May 22, 1895 –
November 4, 1895
WHMoody.jpg William H. Moody[13] Republican November 5, 1895 –
May 1, 1902
First elected to finish Cogswell's term
Re-elected in 1896
Re-elected in 1898
Re-elected in 1900
Resigned to become Secretary of the Navy
Vacant May 2, 1902 –
November 3, 1902
Augustus P. Gardner.png Augustus P. Gardner[14] Republican November 4, 1902 –
May 15, 1917
First elected to finish Moody's term and elected to next full term in 1902
Re-elected in 1904
Re-elected in 1906
Re-elected in 1908
Re-elected in 1910
Re-elected in 1912
Re-elected in 1914
Re-elected in 1916
Resigned to enter the army
Vacant May 15, 1917 –
November 6, 1917
Willfred W. Lufkin.png Willfred W. Lufkin Republican November 6, 1917 –
June 30, 1921
First elected to finish Gardner's term
Re-elected in 1918
Re-elected in 1920
Resigned to become Collector of Customs for the Port of Boston
Vacant June 30, 1921 –
September 27, 1921
Abram Piatt Andrew 1909.jpg Abram Andrew Republican September 27, 1921 –
June 3, 1936
First elected to finish Lufkin's term
Died
Vacant June 3, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
George J. Bates.png George J. Bates[15] Republican January 3, 1937 –
November 1, 1949
Died in a plane crash
Vacant November 1, 1949 –
February 14, 1950
William H. Bates[16] Republican February 14, 1950 –
June 22, 1969
First elected to finish his father's term
Died
Vacant June 22, 1969 –
September 30, 1969
Michael J. Harrington.jpg Michael J. Harrington Democratic September 30, 1969 –
January 3, 1979
First elected to finish Bates's term
Retired
MavroulesNicholas.jpg Nicholas Mavroules[17] Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1993
First elected in 1978
Lost re-election
Torkildsen.jpg Peter G. Torkildsen Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1997
First elected in 1992
Lost re-election
John F Tierney congressional portrait 2009.jpg John F. Tierney Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2015
First elected in 1996
Lost renomination
Seth Moulton 2011.jpg Seth Moulton Democratic January 3, 2015–
First elected in 2014

Recent election results[edit]

The following are the results from the last two house races:

Massachusetts's 6th congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John F. Tierney (incumbent) 179,603 48.3%
Republican Richard Tisei 175,953 47.3%
Libertarian Daniel Fishman 16,668 4.4%
Totals 372,224 100%
Voter turnout  %


Massachusetts's 6th congressional district election, 2014[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Seth Moulton 149,449 54.7%
Republican Richard Tisei 111,848 40.9%
Independent Chris Stockwell 12,175 4.5%
Totals 273,472 100%
Voter turnout  %

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fast Facts for Congress: Congressional District 6, Massachusetts - Fact Sheet: 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates: Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/spr/sprcat/catpdf2010/cong2010/CongressionalDistrict_2011State.pdf Access date: March 21, 2012.
  4. ^ John Hayward (1849). "Congressional Districts". Gazetteer of Massachusetts. Boston: J.P. Jewett & Co. 
  5. ^ "Congressional Districts". Massachusetts Register 1862. Boston: Adams, Sampson, & Co. 
  6. ^ W.H. Michael (1890). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-First Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  7. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 64th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1916. 
  8. ^ Congressional Directory for the 105th Congress (1997-1998), Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997, retrieved November 26, 2013 
  9. ^ "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Washington DC: House of Representatives. 1861. 
  10. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1869). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the First Session of the Forty-First Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  11. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1878). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 45th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  12. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1882). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 47th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  13. ^ L.A. Coolidge (1897). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Fifth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  14. ^ A.J. Halford (1909). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 60th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  15. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 75th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1938. 
  16. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 90th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1968. 
  17. ^ "Massachusetts". 1991-1992 Official Congressional Directory: 102nd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1991. 
  18. ^ "Election Center (2014)". CNN. Retrieved 2014-11-05. 
  19. ^ "2014 Massachusetts House Election Results". www.politico.com. Retrieved 2014-11-05. 

External links[edit]

Maps[edit]

Election results[edit]

Coordinates: 42°37′02″N 70°53′07″W / 42.61722°N 70.88528°W / 42.61722; -70.88528