Massachusetts Hall (Harvard University)

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Massachusetts Hall, Harvard University
Harvard University Old Hall.jpg
Massachusetts Hall, May 2005
Massachusetts Hall (Harvard University) is located in Massachusetts
Massachusetts Hall (Harvard University)
Location Cambridge, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°22′27.86″N 71°7′8.11″W / 42.3744056°N 71.1189194°W / 42.3744056; -71.1189194Coordinates: 42°22′27.86″N 71°7′8.11″W / 42.3744056°N 71.1189194°W / 42.3744056; -71.1189194
Built 1718-1720
Architect John Leverett
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body Harvard University
Part of Old Harvard Yard (#73000287)
NRHP Reference # 66000769[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHL October 9, 1960
Designated CP February 6, 1973

Massachusetts Hall is the oldest surviving building at Harvard College, the first institution of higher learning in the English colonies in America, and second oldest academic building in the United States after the Wren Building at the College of William & Mary.[2][3] As such, it possesses great significance not only in the history of American education but also in the story of the developing English Colonies of the 18th century. Massachusetts Hall was designed by Harvard Presidents John Leverett and his successor Benjamin Wadsworth. It was erected between 1718 and 1720 in Harvard Yard. It was originally a dormitory containing 32 chambers and 64 small private studies for the 64 students it was designed to house. During the siege of Boston, 640 American soldiers took quarters in the hall. Much of the interior woodwork and hardware, including brass doorknobs, disappeared at this time.

While designed as a residence for students, the building has served many purposes through the years. After Thomas Hollis donated a quadrant and a 24-foot telescope in 1722, for example, the building housed an informal observatory.

Massachusetts Hall is the oldest surviving building at Harvard College.

Currently, the President of the University, Provost, Treasurer, and Vice Presidents have offices that occupy the first two floors and half of the third. Freshmen reside in the fourth floor.

Massachusetts Hall, as Harvard's oldest extant dormitory, has housed many influential people. Founding fathers who lived in Massachusetts Hall include John Adams, John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Elbridge Gerry, and James Otis. Members of the Wigglesworth, Weld, Thayer, Eliot, and Lowell families (among others), whose names now grace other dormitories, also lived in Massachusetts Hall. More recent notable residents of Massachusetts Hall include Alan Jay Lerner, Elliot Richardson and John Harbison.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ "The Critical Mass. (Hall)", The Crimson, April 5, 2007
  3. ^ The other, the Wren Building at the College of William and Mary, has been destroyed by fire three times, and rebuilt.
  4. ^ Source: Dorm History Search at http://hcs.harvard.edu/~dorms/

External links[edit]