Massachusetts Route 2
|Length:||142.29 mi (228.99 km)|
|Existed:||1927, 1971 (current alignment) – present|
|West end:||NY 2 in Petersburgh, NY|
|East end:||Beacon Street in Boston|
|Counties:||Berkshire, Franklin, Worcester, Middlesex, Suffolk|
Route 2 is a major east–west state highway in Massachusetts. Along with Route 9 and U.S. Route 20 to the south, these highways are the main alternatives to the Massachusetts Turnpike/I-90 toll highway. Route 2 runs the entire length of the northern tier of Massachusetts, beginning at the New York border, where it connects with New York State Route 2, and ending near Boston Common in Boston.
Route 2 proceeds east from the New York state line on a winding, scenic path in Berkshire County through Williamstown, where it serves the Williams College area and through North Adams, where it serves the Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts. East of North Adams, Route 2 ascends via a hairpin turn into the Hoosac Range along what is known as the Mohawk Trail.
Route 2 then enters Franklin County, meeting Interstate 91 at an interchange in Greenfield and briefly runs concurrently with I-91. While the old Route 2 becomes Route 2A and goes through downtown Greenfield, Route 2 exits off I-91 as a short expressway before becoming a two-lane freeway. Outside of Greenfield, Route 2A temporarily ends and merges with Route 2. Route 2 remains a regular two-lane surface road in Gill and through Erving though it has some grade-separated interchanges in Millers Falls at its intersection with Route 63. There is another gap in the two-lane expressway in the Erving area. Recently, the road in Erving was routed to the north and straightened to avoid the paper mill next to the river. This rerouting led to the road being shortened by less than a tenth of a mile.
Once the road enters the Town of Orange, Route 2A resumes and diverges from Route 2. At this point Route 2 again becomes a two-lane expressway. In Orange, Route 2 runs concurrently with U.S. Route 202. The road at this point enters the town of Athol in Worcester County, Massachusetts. After its eastern interchange in Phillipston when US 202 departs to the north, Route 2 becomes a full four-lane expressway, though not to Interstate standards at most points. It continues through Gardner and Leominster, where Interstate 190 heads south to Worcester. Continuing east into Fitchburg, Route 2 has several at-grade intersections with Oak Hill Road, Palmer Road, Mt. Elam Road, and Abbott Avenue. At the intersection with Mt. Elam Road, a traffic light remains in use on the eastbound side.
Route 2 continues east to Middlesex County, Massachusetts and enters Boston's outer loop at the interchange with Interstate 495 in Littleton. It continues as an expressway into Acton, where the expressway ends at the traffic-light intersection with Piper Road and Taylor Road, and Route 2 becomes a regular divided highway at most points and just a four-lane highway at other points. At the Concord Rotary, a major traffic choke point, Route 2 intersects with Route 2A and the eastern terminus of Route 119 (which is concurrent with Route 2A). After the rotary the road loses its dividing wall as it passes past the State Police (who have an emergency-only traffic light) and over the Assabet River. Route 2A used to then break away from Route 2 at the next traffic light to go left into Concord but is now overlaid with Route 2. At Crosby's Corner, the sixth intersection after the rotary, Route 2A goes straight while Route 2 veers right (but still heads east). The highway loses its dividing wall until the Bedford St intersection in Lincoln where it becomes divided again. MassHighway currently expects to rebuild the Crosby Corner intersection and create a dividing wall from there to Bedford St. 
At this point Route 2 enters Lexington and still is a divided 4-lane road with surface intersections. It then heads to Boston's inner belt, crossing Interstate 95/Route 128. In Arlington, Route 2 is a six-lane and then eight-lane limited-access highway until Exit 60, where it narrows with little warning to six lanes and then to four lanes. This section of expressway actually meets the standards of an interstate highway. The final off-ramp leads toward the large parking garage at the MBTA Alewife Station. At this point the road heads into Cambridge.
The limited access highway portion ends at a signalized intersection, where it merges with U.S. Route 3 south and Route 16 west in Cambridge and continues as a four-lane surface road to the Boston Public Garden. Route 2 follows Alewife Brook Parkway, Fresh Pond Parkway, Gerry's Landing Road, and Memorial Drive (all parkways maintained by the Department of Conservation and Recreation) through Cambridge. It crosses into Boston on the Boston University Bridge. The Brookline/Norfolk County line also lies upon intersecting Commonwealth Avenue. After crossing Commonwealth Avenue (U.S. Route 20), it follows Mountfort Street and Beacon Street through the northernmost tip of Brookline before crossing into Kenmore Square which is the eastern terminus of U.S. Route 20. From Kenmore Square, Route 2 follows Commonwealth Avenue to Arlington Street. It circles the Public Garden in Boston, using Arlington Street to Boylston Street to Charles Street. Route 2 goes along northbound Route 28 at the intersection of Charles Street and Beacon Street between Boston Common and the Boston Public Garden. Shortly after, Route 2 ends on U.S. Route 3 or Route 3 while Route 28 north goes with the southbound of Route 3.
The route amalgamates and supersedes various named highways in some cases going back to the pre-automobile era. For example, parts of Route 2 are sometimes known as the Cambridge and Concord Turnpike and the Mohawk Trail.
In the early 1920s, Route 2 was known as New England Interstate Route 7 (NE-7), a major road connecting Boston with Troy, New York. NE-7 ran roughly where Route 2A (the original surface alignment of Route 2) does now except near the New York state line. NE-7 used current Massachusetts Route 43, New York State Route 43 and New York State Route 66 to reach Troy. Current Route 2 from Williamstown to Petersburgh was previously numbered as Route 96.
An upgraded Route 2 was originally planned to continue as Boston's Northwest Expressway (merging with a re-routed U.S. Route 3 at the Arlington-Lexington or Arlington-Cambridge border) to a junction with Interstate 695, the Inner Beltway, but this, along with the Inner Beltway itself, was cancelled in 1970, accounting for the abrupt narrowing at Alewife. In place of the highway project, the MBTA Red Line was extended from Harvard to Alewife in the 1980s.
Crosby's Corner improvement project
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2012)|
This major project has been planned since 1999. The intersection has an average of 90 accidents a year. The project is intended to solve the traffic and safety problems that have occurred at Crosby's Corner intersection (junction of Route 2 and 2A) in Concord. The project, expected to cost $71.9 million, will widen Route 2 from Bedford Road in Lincoln to 300 feet west of Sandy Pond Road in Concord. The project will eliminate the at grade intersection and realign it and construct new entrance and exit ramps along with constructing new service roads next to Route 2. The project was expected to begin in 2011. The state has recently spent $25–35 million for property takings in the path of the new alignment of Route 2. In January 2010 a speeding tanker truck carrying liquid asphalt flipped over on Route 2 and crushed three cars. The truck driver was med-flighted to a Boston hospital with serious injuries. The highway was shut down for five hours causing traffic delays for the 46,000 commuters daily. The accident put the spotlight back on the Crosby's Corner project.
The full project includes building a new overpass bridge over Route 2 and building multiple service roads next to Route 2. Fourteen retaining walls will be built to accommodate the new interchange ramp construction. Work also consists of a new signalized intersection. The project was put out to bid for contractors on September 19, 2011. A contractor was expected to be chosen over the winter and construction was expected to begin in Spring 2012 on the estimated $55 million project.
The Army Corps of Engineers published a notice  for this project, because of its impact on wetlands at Crosby's Corner. During the summer of 2012, activity on this portion of Route 2 included surveying and the installation of orange painted stakes. Signs were added in January 2013 indicating that construction would start on January 14. As of April 2014 the project is underway and predicted completion is Spring 2016 
Concord Rotary Improvement Project
A project to improve the Concord Rotary, at the convergence of Route 2, Route 2A/119, Barrett's Mill Road and Commonwealth Avenue, has been in planning since 2003 or even earlier. More than 61,000 cars use this rotary on a typical day, and the backed up traffic can be significant. The improved intersection would include overpasses for local streets, while Route 2 traffic would continue unimpeded at grade. However, the project was removed from the funded portion of the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization's (MPO) Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) in August 2009 and is currently on hold.
|Berkshire||Williamstown||0.000||0.000||NY 2 west – Taconic Trail, Troy||Continuation from New York|
|3.824||6.154||US 7 south – Pittsfield||Western end of concurrency with US 7|
|6.221||10.012||US 7 north – Pownal VT, Montreal Que||Eastern end of concurrency with US 7|
|6.746||10.857||Route 43 south – Hancock, Stephentown NY||Northern terminus of Route 43|
|North Adams||11.571||18.622||Route 8 south – Pittsfield, Becket||Western end of concurrency with Route 8|
|11.740||18.894||Route 8A south||Northern terminus of Route 8A "U" segment|
|12.405||19.964||Route 8 north – Clarksburg, Stamford VT||Eastern end of concurrency with Route 8|
|Franklin||Charlemont||29.807||47.970||Route 8A south – Hawley, Windsor||Western end of concurrency with Route 8A|
|30.4||48.9||Route 8A north – Heath, Wilmington VT, Jacksonville VT||Eastern end of concurrency with Route 8A|
|Buckland||37.390||60.173||Route 2A east – Shelburne Falls||Western terminus of Route 2A|
|37.806||60.843||Route 112 south – Buckland, Ashfield||Western end of concurrency with Route 112|
|Shelburne||38.062||61.255||Route 112 north – Shelburne Falls, Colrain||Eastern end of concurrency with Route 112|
|38.942||62.671||Route 2A west – Shelburne Falls, Buckland||Western end of concurrency with Route 2A|
|Greenfield||47.398||76.280||I‑91 south / Route 2A east – Springfield, Greenfield Center||Western end of concurrency with I-91 and Route 2A; Exit 26 on I-91|
|50.139||80.691||I‑91 north – Brattleboro VT||Eastern end of concurrency with I-91; Exit 27 on I-91|
|50.789||81.737||US 5 / Route 10 – Greenfield, Bernardston||Interchange|
|51.480||82.849||East end of freeway|
|52.242||84.075||Route 2A west – Greenfield Center||Western end of concurrency with Route 2A|
|Erving||Semb Drive to Route 63 – Northfield, Millers Falls|
|57.404||92.383||Forest Street to Route 63 – Northfield, Hinsdale NH|
|57.7||92.9||Prospect Street to Route 63 – Millers Falls|
|64.865||104.390||Route 2A east to Route 78 – Orange, Warwick, Wendell||Western end of concurrency with Route 2A|
|65.060||104.704||West end of Super-2 freeway|
|Orange||66.571||107.136||14||West River Street – Orange Center|
|69.788||112.313||15||Route 122 – Orange, Worcester, Amherst|
|70.676||113.742||16||US 202 south – Athol, Belchertown||Western end of concurrency with US 202|
|Worcester||Athol||75.155||120.950||17||Route 32 – Athol, Petersham|
|Phillipston||76.474||123.073||18||Route 2A – Athol, Phillipston|
|79.009||127.153||19||US 202 north / Route 2A – Phillipston, Winchendon||Eastern end of concurrency with US 202; western end of divided freeway|
|Templeton||81.915||131.829||20||Baldwinville Road – Templeton, Baldwinville|
|83.459||134.314||21||Route 2A / Route 101 – Templeton, Ashburnham, East Templeton|
|Gardner||86.500||139.208||22||Route 68 – Gardner, Hubbardston|
|87.253||140.420||23||Pearson Blvd – South Gardner|
|Westminster||89.738||144.419||24||Route 140 north / West Main Street south – Winchendon, Westminster||Western end of concurrency with Route 140; signed as Exits 24A (West Main Street south) and 24B (Route 140 north) westbound|
|91.764||147.680||25||Route 2A / Route 140 south – Westminster||Eastern end of concurrency with Route 140|
|92.568||148.974||26||Willard Road / Village Inn Road||Eastbound exit only|
|93.479||150.440||27||Narrows Road / Depot Road|
|Fitchburg||94.495||152.075||28||Route 31 – Fitchburg, Princeton|
|96.279||154.946||Mount Elam Road||Partially at-grade intersection with barrier in the middle of the road|
|Leominster||98.007||157.727||30||Merriam Avenue / South Street|
|99.269||159.758||31A||Route 12 south – Leominster|
|99.278||159.772||31B||Route 12 north – Fitchburg|
|100.355||161.506||32||Route 13 – Leominster, Lunenburg|
|101.125||162.745||33||I‑190 south – Worcester||Northern terminus of I-190|
|Lancaster||102.429||164.843||34||Mechanic Street / Harvard Street|
|103.497||166.562||35||Route 70 south – Lancaster, Lunenburg||Northern terminus of Route 70|
|104.917||168.848||36||Shirley Road – Lancaster, Shirley|
|106.419||171.265||37||Jackson Road – Devens, Reserve Forces Training Area||Signed as Exits 37A (no public access) and 37B westbound|
|Harvard||109.348||175.979||38A||Route 110 west / Route 111 south – Harvard|
|109.357||175.993||38B||Route 110 east / Route 111 north – Ayer|
|Middlesex||Littleton||113.050||181.936||39||Taylor Street – Littleton|
|113.285||182.315||40A||I‑495 south – Marlboro|
|113.317||182.366||40B||I‑495 north – Lowell|
|Boxborough||115.505||185.887||41||Newtown Road – West Acton, Littleton|
|Acton||117.612||189.278||42||Route 27 – Maynard, Acton|
|118.013||189.924||43||Route 111 north – West Acton||Westbound left exit and eastbound entrance; western terminus of concurrency with Route 111|
|118.013||189.924||East end of freeway|
|Concord||120.465||193.870||Route 2A west / Route 119 west / Route 111 north – Littleton||Rotary; western end of concurrency with Route 2A; eastern terminus of Routes 111 and 119|
|121.691||195.843||Route 62 (Main Street) – West Concord, Maynard, Bedford|
|123.901||199.399||Route 126 south (Walden Street) to Route 117 – Walden Pond, Waltham||Northern terminus of Route 126|
|124.824||200.885||Route 2A east||Partial interchange; eastern end of concurrency with Route 2A|
|Lincoln||126.256||203.189||Bedford Road to Route 2A|
|Lexington||128.135||206.213||West end of freeway|
|128.504||206.807||52A||I‑95 / Route 128 south – Attleboro||Exits 29A-B on I-95 / Route 128|
|128.527||206.844||52B||I‑95 / Route 128 north – Peabody|
|129.010||207.621||53||Spring Street – Lexington||No westbound exit|
|130.002||209.218||54||Waltham Street – Lexington, Waltham||Signed as Exits 54A (Waltham) and 54B (Lexington); westbound exits and eastbound entrances|
|130.894||210.653||55||Pleasant Street – Lexington||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|131.435||211.524||56||Winter Street – Belmont||Eastbound signage|
|Route 4 north / Route 225 west / Winter Street – Lexington, Bedford||Westbound signage; southern terminus of Route 4; eastern terminus of Route 225|
|Arlington / Belmont border||131.990||212.417||57||Dow Avenue – Arlington, Belmont|
|Belmont||132.711||213.578||58||Park Avenue – Arlington|
|Belmont / Arlington border||133.690||215.153||59||Route 60 – Belmont, Arlington|
|Arlington||134.130||215.861||60||Lake Street – East Arlington|
|134.649||216.697||–||Alewife Station||Eastbound exit only|
|Arlington / Cambridge border||134.915||217.125||East end of freeway|
|Cambridge||135.005||217.269||US 3 north / Route 16 east (Alewife Brook Parkway) – Medford, Woburn||Western end of concurrency with US 3/Route 16; east end of freeway|
|136.354||219.440||Route 16 west (Huron Avenue) – Watertown, West Newton||Eastern end of concurrency with Route 16|
|139.280||224.149||US 3 south (Memorial Drive)||Eastern end of concurrency with US 3|
|Charles River||139.349||224.260||Boston University Bridge|
|Suffolk||Boston||139.531||224.553||US 20 (Commonwealth Avenue) – Brighton, Kenmore Square|
|140.446||226.026||US 20 west (Commonwealth Avenue)||Kenmore Square; eastern terminus of US 20|
|140.881||226.726||Route 2A west (Massachusetts Avenue)||Eastern terminus of Route 2A|
|141.556||227.812||Route 28 south (Clarendon Street)||One-way southbound|
|142.35||229.09||Beacon Street||Eastern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Massachusetts Route 2.|
- Executive Office of Transportation, Office of Transportation Planning - 2005 Road Inventory
- Massachusetts Department of Transportation, Project Information
- User: BigRock (April 9, 2007). "Boston's Cancelled Highways". Google Maps. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
- MassDOT Planning Division. "Massachusetts Route Log Application". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Massachusetts Department of Transportation. "Exit Numbers and Names: Route 2 (Orange to I-495)". Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Massachusetts Department of Transportation. "Exit Numbers and Names: Route 2 (I-495 to Cambridge)". Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Google Maps (September 2011). "Street View". Google. Retrieved January 22, 2015.