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Puy de Dôme is the highest volcano in the chain of volcanoes Chaine des Puys
|Peak||Puy de Sancy|
|Elevation||1,886 m (6,188 ft)|
Subject to volcanism that has subsided in the last 10,000 years, these central mountains are separated from the Alps by a deep north-south cleft created by the Rhône River and known in French as the sillon rhodanien (literally "the furrow of the Rhône").
The region was a barrier to communication until the opening of the A75 motorway, which not only made north-south travel easier, but also opened up the Massif Central itself.
The Massif Central is situated in the middle of southern France and it covers 15 percent of the country.
The following départements are generally considered as part of the Massif Central: Allier, Ardèche, Aude, Aveyron, Cantal, Corrèze, Creuse, Gard, Haute-Loire, Haute-Vienne, Hérault, Loire, Lot, Lozère, Puy-de-Dôme, Rhône and Tarn.
Volcanic rocks on northern part of the Massif Central dominate south France to the west of Rhône valley and limestone, granite and slate(schist) on southern part.
The Massif Central is a distinct physiographic province of the smaller Central European Uplands division. The entire region contains a large concentration of extinct volcanoes with approximately 450 volcanoes. One strip alone running north to south and less than 60 square miles (160 km2) contains 115 of them. The Auvergne Volcanoes National Park is in the massif.
Mountain ranges, with notable individual mountains, are (roughly north-to-south):
- Chaîne des Puys
- Puy de Sancy (1886 m)
- Monts du Cantal
- Pierre-sur-Haute (1634 m)
- Le Signal de Mailhebiau (1469 m)
- Monts de La Margeride
- Signal de Randon (1551 m)
- Monts du Vivrais (Ardeche)
- Mont Mezenc (1753 m)
- Monts de Lacaune
- Montgrand (1267 m)
- Monts de L'Espinouse
- Sommet de L'Espinouse (1124 m)
- Montagne Noire
- Pic de Nore (1211 m)
- Causse du Larzac
- Plateau de Millevaches
- Plateau de Lévézou
- Causse du Comtal
- Causse de Sauveterre
- Causse de Sévérac
- Causse Méjan
- Causse Noir
- Causse de Blandas
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