Mastaura in Asia

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Mastaura in Asia was a small town that under the Roman Empire was incorporated into the province of Asia I.

It is to be distinguished from the town of Mastaura in Lycia.

Location[edit]

Mastaura was situated in the north of Caria, at the foot of Mount Messogis, on the small river Chrysaoras, between Tralles and Tripolis.[1][2] Some sources speak of the town as originally belonging to Lydia, a kingdom into which Croesus (560-546 BC) briefly incorporated Caria.[3][4]

Pliny the Elder mentions the town as dependent on Ephesus as its provincial capital and thus as belonging in his time (1st century AD) to the Roman province of Asia.[5] The geographer Strabo mentions the town as being in the valley of the Maeander River.[6]

The partially preserved theatre of Mastaura, whose cavea is now occupied by an olive grove, awaits excavation.[7][8]

Coinage[edit]

Mastaura had the privilege of having a mint and some of its coins are extant.[1][4]

Episcopal see[edit]

In the 5th century, Mastaura was a bishopric and was represented at both the Council of Ephesus (431) and the Council of Chalcedon (451).[9][10]

Mastaura in Asia is accordingly included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[11]

References[edit]