Master of the Faculties

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The Master of the Faculties is a functionary in the office of the Archbishop of Canterbury and has some important powers in English law, in particular the appointment and regulation of public notaries. The position is always held by the Dean of Arches.[1][2][3]

Functions[edit]

The Master of Faculties has retained his historical responsibility with respect to public notaries in England and Wales. This regulatory function is now subject to the statutory provisions of the Public Notaries Acts 1801[4] and 1843,[5] and the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990.[6] The Master of Faculties will become an approved regulator under the Legal Services Act 2007. It will be the sole relevant approved regulator for notaries but will also be a relevant approved regulator for certain dealings in land registration and real property, and for probate and the administration of oaths.[7]

The Master of Faculties also has responsibility for the issue of special licenses for marriage in England and Wales, and for Lambeth degrees.[8]

Public notaries in some Commonwealth jurisdictions, such as New Zealand and Queensland, Australia, are still appointed through the office of the Archbishop of Canterbury, though in all other Australian States and Territories they are appointed by the relevant Supreme Court.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Following the English Reformation, the Ecclesiastical Licences Act 1533, s.3 gave the Archbishop, or "hys commissarie", power to issue "suche licences dispensacions composicions faculties delegacies rescriptes instrumentes or wrytynges have byn accustomed to be had, at the See of Rome". This included the power to appoint notaries in the ecclesiastical courts and the office of commissarie developed into that of the Master of the Faculties.[8]

The Master was formerly the principal officer of the Court of Faculties, one of the ecclesiastical courts, and also had the power, under the 1533 Act to:[citation needed]

List of Masters of the Faculties[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Halsbury 1273
  2. ^ Coke, E. Institutes of the Lawes of England 4 337
  3. ^ Burn, R. The Ecclesiastical Law, 4th ed., 2
  4. ^ 41 Geo. 3 c. 79
  5. ^ 6 & 7 Vict. c. 90
  6. ^ 1990 c. 41, s.57
  7. ^ "Explanatory Notes to Legal Services Act 2007". Office of Public Sector Information. 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-08-03. Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  8. ^ a b "About the Faculty Office". The Faculty Office. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  9. ^  "Paman, Henry". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  10. ^ http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-NICH-JOH-1797.html

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ayliffe, J. Parergon juris canonici anglicani: or, A commentary, by way of supplement to the canons and constitutions of the Church of England 384
  • Brooks, C. W. et al. (1991). Notaries Public in England and Wales since the Reformation. Norwich: Erskine Press. 
  • Cheney, C. R. (1972). Notaries Public in England in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 4. ISBN 0-19-822352-8. 
  • Lord Mackay of Clashfern (ed.) (1997) Halsbury's Laws of England, 4th ed. Vol.14, "Ecclesiastical Law", 1273
  • — 4th ed. reissue Vol.33 "Notaries", 702