Masterton (New Zealand electorate)

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Masterton was a New Zealand electorate from 1887 to 1946, focused on the town of Masterton and the surrounding area.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1887 electoral redistribution, although the Representation Commission was required through the Representation Act 1887 to maintain existing electorates "as far as possible", rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Ten new electorates were created, including Masterton, and one former electorate was recreated.[1]

The Masterton electorate's boundaries were roughly based on those of the Wairarapa North electorate that it replaced, although it was not an exact match. The electorate ran from the Tararua Ranges down to the sea, with its northern boundary just north of Eketahuna and its southern boundary just south of the largest Wairarapa town of Masterton.[2]

The 1890 elections saw the electorate gain Pahiatua and Woodville, but lose territory on the coast south of Castlepoint. At the 1893 elections, it lost Woodville, and in the 1896 elections, it lost Pahiatua. In the 1911 elections, it lost Castlepoint, leaving it almost landlocked.

History[edit]

The electorate of Masterton was created for the 1887 general election. It was represented by five Members of Parliament.[3]

The electorate was abolished in 1946;[3] the town of Masterton itself was moved to the Wairarapa electorate, while the rest was moved to the Pahiatua electorate.

Election results[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1887 election George Beetham
1890 election Alexander Hogg
1893 election
1896 election
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election George Sykes
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election John Robertson
1938 election
1943 election Garnet Mackley
(Electorate abolished 1946)

Election results[edit]

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Masterton[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform George Sykes 4,660 57.30
Labour Peter Butler 2,709 33.31
Independent A. H. Vile 764 9.39
Majority 1,951 23.99
Informal votes 55 0.67
Turnout 8,188 84.79
Registered electors 9,657

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Masterton[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Hogg 2,591 64.92
Opposition Charles Edwin Cockburn-Hood 1,400 35.08
Majority 1,191 29.84
Turnout 3,991 77.17
Registered electors 5,172

1893 election[edit]

General election, 1893: Masterton[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Hogg 2,282 60.63
Opposition Joseph Harkness 1,054 28.00
Liberal William Wilson McCardle 428 11.37
Majority 1,228 32.62
Turnout 3,764 69.59
Registered electors 5,409

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 50–53.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 46, 50.
  3. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 160.
  4. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "Masterton Electorate". Wairarapa Daily Times XVI (6410). 4 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  7. ^ The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "The General Election". Otago Daily Times. 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy Hardy (1925) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record (2nd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.