|Single by Carl Perkins|
|from the album Dance Album of Carl Perkins|
|B-side||"Your True Love"|
|Recorded||December 4, 1956|
|Song by the Beatles from the album Long Tall Sally (EP)|
|Released||June 19, 1964|
|Recorded||June 1, 1964|
|Genre||Rock and roll, rockabilly|
|Length||1:57 (Misprinted as 1:37 on both singles and albums)|
|Long Tall Sally (EP) track listing|
|Single by The Beatles|
|from the album Something New|
|Released||August 24, 1964|
|Length||1:57 (Misprinted as 1:37 on both singles and albums)|
|The Beatles singles chronology|
"Matchbox" is a rock and roll and rockabilly song written by Carl Perkins and first recorded by him at Sun Records in December 1956 and released on February 11, 1957 as a 45 single on Sun Records as Sun 261. It has become one of Perkins' best-known recordings. Perkins' "Matchbox" has been followed by many cover versions, notably by the Beatles.
After recording "Your True Love", Carl Perkins's father Buck suggested that he do "Match Box Blues". Buck knew only a few lines from the song, either from a 1927 recording by Blind Lemon Jefferson, or from the version by country musicians The Shelton Brothers (who recorded the song twice in the 1930s, and again in 1947). As Perkins sang the few words his father had suggested, Jerry Lee Lewis, who was at that time a session piano player at Sun Studios, began a restrained boogie-woogie riff. Carl began picking out a melody on the guitar and improvised lyrics. On December 4, 1956 Carl Perkins recorded the song called "Matchbox". Later that day, Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, and session pianist Jerry Lee Lewis were all in the Sun studio with Sam Phillips. The impromptu group formed at this jam session became known as the Million Dollar Quartet.
Perkins maintained that he had never heard Jefferson's "Match Box Blues" when he recorded "Matchbox". Jefferson's song is about a mean spirited woman; Perkins' was about a lovelorn "poor boy" with limited prospects.
Perkins performed the song on ABC-TV's Ozark Jubilee on February 2, 1957.
"Match Box Blues" history
Although Blind Lemon Jefferson was the first to record "Match Box Blues" under that title in 1927, Ma Rainey had earlier recorded the famous line in her March 1924 recording of "Lost Wandering Blues" in Chicago, which was released as a Paramount 78 single, 12098, in 1924:
- "I'm leaving this morning, with my clothes in my hand
- "I won't stop to wandering, till I find my man
- "I'm sitting here wondering', will a matchbox hold my clothes
- "I've got a sun to beat, I'll be farther down the road."
Blind Lemon Jefferson first recorded the song "Match Box Blues" on March 14, 1927 for Okeh in Atlanta, Georgia, three years after Ma Rainey's recording of "Lost Wandering Blues". In "Screening the Blues," Paul Oliver stated that both Rainey and Jefferson "may have absorbed [the line] from traditional usage." 
As later developed, the song consists of traditional blues lyrics that open with the initial verse:
- "I'm sittin' here wonderin', will a matchbox hold my clothes (2X)
- "I ain't got no matches but I still got a long way to go."
This verse is the only one common to all versions of the song.
The Beatles were fans of Perkins and began performing the song circa 1961. Their then-drummer, Pete Best, performed the lead vocals. The only known recording of the song featuring Best singing the song is a live recording. In 1962, John Lennon sang the song during a performance at the Star-Club in Hamburg, Germany; a recording of this exists and was included on Live! at the Star-Club in Hamburg, Germany; 1962.
The next year, the Beatles performed "Matchbox" with Ringo Starr on lead vocals for their BBC radio show, and this version would be included on the Live at the BBC album. Starr also sang lead vocals when it was recorded in 1964. There are suggestions that Perkins may have been present in the studio at that time. As was usually the case, all instruments on the song are played by the Beatles themselves, with the exception of the piano, which was played by producer George Martin. George Harrison plays 12-string rhythm guitar, while Lennon plays the lead guitar riffs and solo. (Starr even says on the Live at the BBC version, "All right, John!") "Matchbox" appeared on the Long Tall Sally EP in the United Kingdom. In the United States, it appeared on the Capitol Something New album, and was released as a Capitol single on August 24, 1964, which reached No. 17 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Matchbox" reached No. 6 on the Canadian CHUM Hit Parade charts in 1964. It was also included on the Past Masters and Mono Masters compilations released in 1988 and 2009, respectively.
- Ringo Starr - double-tracked vocals, drums
- John Lennon - Rickenbacker 325/12 rhythm guitar
- George Harrison - double-tracked lead guitar
- Paul McCartney - bass
- George Martin - piano
Note: It is not known whether or not Lennon played the 12-string Rickenbacker 325 on the track. In Andy Babiuk's The Beatles Gear, Babiuk describes the possibility of the Rickenbacker 325/12. Others say Lennon only used the guitar as a back-up during live performances. The lead guitar solo, however, could be played by Lennon, due to the style and tone, and Harrison could've played his Rickenbacker 360/12. The majority of sources describe the lead guitar as Harrison playing his Gretsch Tennessean twice over. Also, some describe the piano as the work of Paul McCartney, overdubbing it after the basic takes.
Early live performances and BBC versions
- Ringo Starr - lead vocals (on BBC versions only), drums
- John Lennon - lead guitar, lead vocals (on early live performances only)
- George Harrison - rhythm guitar
- Paul McCartney - bass
Carl Perkins' "Matchbox," along with "Blue Suede Shoes," "Honey Don't," and "Gone, Gone, Gone," was performed live on February 19, 1987 at the Palomino Club in North Hollywood, California by George Harrison, Bob Dylan, John Fogerty, Taj Mahal, and Jesse Ed Davis. This performance was filmed and recorded. The assembled musicians were dubbed the Silver Wilburys.
Additional legacy and other recorded versions
"Matchbox" is covered by Robert Britton Lyons portraying Carl Perkins in the Broadway production Million Dollar Quartet and on the original Broadway cast recording. Lee Ferris also covers the song and portrays Carl Perkins in the First National Touring Production of Million Dollar Quartet. The song is also included in the Paul McCartney live album Tripping the Live Fantastic as a soundcheck tune between concert songs; it has been performed by McCartney in every tour as a soundcheck song. In 1985 it was played at the Blue Suede Shoes: A Rockabilly Session made-for-TV concert in London, with Perkins, Starr and Eric Clapton alternating the lead vocal.
Jerry Lee Lewis released his version of the song on his 1958 eponymous Sun LP, SLP 1230, and as a Sun EP, EPA-110. The recording also appears on the 1984 Rhino Records greatest hits compilation Jerry Lee Lewis: 18 Original Sun Greatest Hits. This version and later live versions by Lewis show a distinct awareness of and respect for the blues origins of the song.
Ronnie Hawkins recorded the song in 1970 with Duane Allman on slide guitar and released it as a 45 single, "Matchbox" backed with "Little Bird" on Hawk, IT 301, in Canada. The song was originally released on the eponymous 1970 Ronnie Hawkins LP, Cotillion SD 9019. Johnny Rivers recorded the song in 1998.
Derek and the Dominos featuring Eric Clapton performed and recorded the song with Carl Perkins and Johnny Cash on The Johnny Cash Show on ABC on November 5, 1970. The performance by Derek and the Dominos, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash appears on the 40th anniversary edition of the Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs, which won the 2011 Grammy Award for Best Surround Sound.
Paul McCartney's publishing company MPL Communications administers the rights to the song, which was originally published by Knox Music, Inc., BMI.
- The Carl Perkins Sun Collection.
- Perkins, Carl; McGee, David (1996). Go, Cat, Go!. Hyperion Press. pp. 221–223. ISBN 0-7868-6073-1.
- Paramount Portrait Labels.
- BluesLyrics.com.ar: "Lost Wandering Blues" by Ma Rainey.
- Springer, Robert. ed. Nobody Knows Where the Blues Come From: Lyrics and History. University Press of Mississippi, 2006, p. 173.
- Tosches, Nick. Country: The Twisted Roots of Rock 'n' Roll. New York: Da Capo Press, 1985, pp. 203-204. "The essence of the song's lyrics did not originate with Blind Lemon Jefferson but with Ma Rainey's 1924 record 'Lost Wandering Blues.' Lord, I stand here wondering, Will a matchbox hold my clothes?"
- Haymes, Max. "Some Blues Roots of Rock 'n Roll Music".
- Oliver, Paul (1968). Screening the Blues : Aspects of the Blues Tradition. Cassell, London. ISBN 0-304-93137-3
- The Beatles Bible: Matchbox.
- "Matchbox" by The Beatles: The In-Depth Story Behind the Songs of The Beatles.
- MDQ Merchandising LLC (2010). “Song List” and “Performing Credits”. In Million Dollar Quartet (p. 5) [CD booklet]. New York City: Avatar Studios; and Chicago: Chicago Recording Company.
- "Carl Perkins and Friends - Matchbox". YouTube. June 19, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Ronnie Hawkins 1970 album at duaneallman.info.
- 1969-1970 Bob Dylan CBS Studio Outtakes.
- Bob Dylan Newsletter: Matchbox.
- Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs, 2011 40th Anniversary Edition.
- "Match Box Blues" history at the Wayback Machine (archived July 5, 2008)
- Samples of the many versions of "Match Box Blues" at the Wayback Machine (archived October 1, 2011)