Matfield Green, Kansas

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Matfield Green, Kansas
City
Location within Chase County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Chase County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 38°9′35″N 96°33′43″W / 38.15972°N 96.56194°W / 38.15972; -96.56194Coordinates: 38°9′35″N 96°33′43″W / 38.15972°N 96.56194°W / 38.15972; -96.56194
Country  United States
State  Kansas
County Chase
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area[1]
 • Total 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
 • Land 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,316 ft (401 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 47
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 47
 • Density 340/sq mi (130/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66862
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-45150 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0477807 [5]

Matfield Green is a city in Chase County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 47.[6]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Matfield Green.[7]

Matfield Green was named after Matfield, in England.[8]

A post office existed in Matfield Green from January 11, 1867 to September 30, 1995.[9]

Geography[edit]

Knute Rockne memorial at Kansas Turnpike Authority rest stop

Matfield Green is located at 38°09′35″N 96°33′43″W / 38.159609°N 96.562013°W / 38.159609; -96.562013 (38.159609, -96.562013).,[10] in the scenic Flint Hills[11] of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Matfield Green has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[12]

Area attractions[edit]

Matfield Green has two ranches on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP): Crocker Ranch[13] (NRHP). 1908-1940 Pioneer Bluffs Ranch[14] (NRHP), approximately 1 mile north on K-177 Highway. Pioneer Bluffs is an early twentieth century ranch, consisting of one dozen vintage farm buildings.[15][16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 95
1970 77 −18.9%
1980 71 −7.8%
1990 33 −53.5%
2000 60 81.8%
2010 47 −21.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

Matfield Green is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 47 people, 24 households, and 11 families residing in the city. The population density was 335.7 inhabitants per square mile (129.6 /km2). There were 36 housing units at an average density of 257.1 per square mile (99.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 24 households of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 54.2% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the city was 58.8 years. 17% of residents were under the age of 18; 0.0% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 12.8% were from 25 to 44; 34.1% were from 45 to 64; and 36.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 60 people, 31 households, and 18 families residing in the city. The population density was 314.9 people per square mile (121.9/km2). There were 34 housing units at an average density of 178.4 per square mile (69.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.

There were 31 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, and 41.9% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.56.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 1.7% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 114.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.6 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $29,375. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $14,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,642. There were 19.0% of families and 19.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 35.7% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Government[edit]

The Matfield Green government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 1st Monday of each month at 7PM.[17]

  • City Hall, 302 Orient Street.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Cottonwood Falls is part of Unified School District 284.[18][19] All students attend schools in Cottonwood Falls.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

K-177 highway and BNSF Railway both pass through Matfield Green. Even though the Kansas Turnpike toll road is somewhat close to Matfield Green, a driver must travel to the toll plaza in Cassoday to enter.

Utilities[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps