Mathematical sciences is a broad term that includes, in addition to areas of mathematics, those academic disciplines that are primarily mathematical in nature but may not be universally considered subfields of mathematics proper. Statistics, for example, is mathematical in its methods but grew out of political arithmetic which merged with inverse probability and grew through applications in the social sciences, some areas of physics and biometrics to become its own separate, though closely allied, field. Computer science, computational science, population genetics, operations research, cryptology, econometrics, theoretical physics, and actuarial science are other fields that may be considered part of mathematical sciences.
Some institutions offer degrees in mathematical sciences (e.g., the United States Military Academy and University of Khartoum ) or applied mathematical sciences (e.g., the University of Rhode Island).
- Division of Mathematical Sciences at the National Science Foundation, including a list of disciplinary areas supported
- Faculty of Mathematical Sciences at University of Khartoum, offers academic degrees in Mathematics, Computer Sciences and Statistics
- Mission statement of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute
- Institute overview of the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences
- Mathematical Sciences in the U.S. 2009 Budget in a report from the AAAS