Mathoura

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Mathoura
New South Wales
Mathoura Pastoral Hotel 005.JPG
Pastoral Hotel, with the Soldiers Memorial Garden and the Tattersalls Club Hotel in the background
Mathoura is located in New South Wales
Mathoura
Mathoura
Coordinates 35°49′0″S 144°54′0″E / 35.81667°S 144.90000°E / -35.81667; 144.90000Coordinates: 35°49′0″S 144°54′0″E / 35.81667°S 144.90000°E / -35.81667; 144.90000
Population 653 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1860
Postcode(s) 2710
Elevation 105 m (344 ft)
Location
  • 790 km (491 mi) from Sydney
  • 258 km (160 mi) from Melbourne
  • 42 km (26 mi) from Echuca (Vic)
  • 32 km (20 mi) from Deniliquin
  • 42 km (26 mi) from Barmah (Vic)
LGA(s) Murray Shire
County Cadell
State electorate(s) Murray-Darling
Federal Division(s) Farrer
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.0 °C
72 °F
9.1 °C
48 °F
437.3 mm
17.2 in

Mathoura /məˈθaʊərə/ is a small town in the Riverina region of southern New South Wales, Australia, in the Murray Shire local government area. At the 2006 census, Mathoura had a population of 653.[1] The town's name is derived from an aboriginal word for 'windy'.[2]

History[edit]

In 1848 a reserve was established on Gulpa Creek by Surveyor Townsend.  The locality became known as Redbank.  By 1853 W. Moore Carter had established an inn at Redbank and in 1856 he was permitted to purchase 12 acres (4.9 ha) at £2 10s. per acre.  By 1860 Carter had about 40 acres (16.2 ha) under cultivation, including a 5 acres (2.0 ha) vineyard.

A petition in 1859 called on the Government to put up the reserve at Redbank for sale.  However there were others who considered a more suitable position for a village was at Hill Plain, where Mr. Stuckey had erected an inn (opened in June 1860 and managed by John Atkinson).

In 1860 Surveyor McCulloch laid out the township of Redbank near the site of Carter's Redbank Inn.  In 1864 Carter was growing tobacco at Redbank (from which cigars were manufactured).

A traveller passing through Redbank in mid-1865 stated that "Mr. Carter has established a brick public-house… situated on the bank of the Gulpa Creek".  The writer added: "I observed three or four acres fenced and stocked with fruit trees, withered and dried up".[3]

In 1865 Henry Burton, a circus proprietor, purchased the Redbank Inn; he held the license until at least 1870.

Mathoura Post Office opened on 1 September 1867.[4]

The village was made a stopping-place on the Victorian railway line that was extended into New South Wales to Deniliquin.  By 1879 it was reported that the village had about six houses of "straggling order" and was supported principally by the timber trade.  By 1882 a flour mill had been established at Mathoura; there were two hotels, the Mathoura Inn and the Railway Hotel, as well as a school, a Union church and a sawmill.[5]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mathoura
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.7
(112.5)
44.2
(111.6)
40.8
(105.4)
34.9
(94.8)
27.2
(81)
26.6
(79.9)
19.4
(66.9)
23.1
(73.6)
33.3
(91.9)
37.8
(100)
41.7
(107.1)
41.9
(107.4)
44.7
(112.5)
Average high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
30.3
(86.5)
27.5
(81.5)
22.1
(71.8)
16.9
(62.4)
14.1
(57.4)
12.9
(55.2)
15.0
(59)
18.1
(64.6)
21.7
(71.1)
25.6
(78.1)
28.6
(83.5)
22.0
(71.6)
Average low °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
15.2
(59.4)
13.2
(55.8)
9.2
(48.6)
6.1
(43)
4.3
(39.7)
3.3
(37.9)
4.2
(39.6)
5.9
(42.6)
8.7
(47.7)
10.7
(51.3)
13.1
(55.6)
9.1
(48.4)
Record low °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
5.8
(42.4)
2.8
(37)
1.3
(34.3)
−1.1
(30)
−3.3
(26.1)
−3.8
(25.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.8
(33.4)
4.4
(39.9)
−3.8
(25.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32.3
(1.272)
23.5
(0.925)
35.8
(1.409)
28.0
(1.102)
40.6
(1.598)
36.8
(1.449)
42.6
(1.677)
43.4
(1.709)
41.8
(1.646)
41.6
(1.638)
34.7
(1.366)
34.6
(1.362)
436.3
(17.177)
Avg. precipitation days 3.8 3.6 4.3 5.3 8.0 9.0 10.5 10.6 8.9 7.7 6.1 5.2 83.0
Source: [6]

Today[edit]

The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Picola & District Football League.

Golfers play at the course of the Mathoura Golf Club on the Cobb Highway.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mathoura (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  2. ^ "Mathoura (town)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  3. ^ ’A Tour in the Riverine District’ (letter to the editor), Sydney Morning Herald, 13 July 1865, p. 2.
  4. ^ "Post Office List", Premier Postal History, retrieved 11 April 2008 
  5. ^ Jervis, James, 'The Western Riverina: A History of Its Development', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings, Vol. XXXVIII 1952, p. 190.
  6. ^ "Climate statistics for". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Mathoura", Golf Select, retrieved 11 May 2009 

External links[edit]