Mathukumalli V. Subbarao
4 May 1921|
Yazali, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India
|Died||15 February 2006
|Alma mater||Presidency College, Madras|
|Doctoral advisor||Prof R Vaidyanatha Swamy|
|Other academic advisors||Prof K Ananda Rau|
|Known for||Contributions to Theory of numbers|
Mathukumalli (Matukumalli) Venkata Subbarao (Telugu: మతుకుమల్లి వెంకట సుబ్బారావు; May 4, 1921 – February 15, 2006) was an Indo-Canadian mathematician, specialising in number theory. He was a long-time resident of Edmonton, Canada.
Subbarao was born in the small village of Yazali, near Bapatla, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India. He received his master's degree from Presidency College, Madras in 1941. He went on to complete a doctorate in functional analysis, advised by Ramaswamy S. Vaidyanathaswamy. He worked at Presidency College, Madras, Sri Venkateswara University, and the University of Missouri, before moving in 1963 to the University of Alberta, where he spent the rest of his professional career.
In the 1960s Subbarao began to study the congruence properties of the partition function, p(n), which became one of his favourite problems. For example, he conjectured that if A and B are integers with 0 ≤ B < A, there are infinitely many n for which p(An+B) is even and infinitely many n for which p(An+B) is odd. This conjecture is practically proved. Ken Ono  showed that the even case is always true. As for the odd case, if there is one number n such that p(An+B) is odd, then there are infinitely many such numbers n. A more general variant of the conjecture was formulated by Morris Newman predicting that for any given r and m, there are infinitely many n such that p(n)= r(mod m). At the end of his life, Subbarao co-authored a book on partition theory with A.K. Agarwal and Padmavathamma. Partition theory is ubiquitous in mathematics with connections to the representation theory of the symmetric group and the general linear group, modular forms, and physics. Thus, Subbarao's conjectures, though seemingly simple, will generate fundamental research activity for years to come. He also researched special classes of divisors and the corresponding analogues of divisor functions and perfect numbers, such as those arising from the exponential divisors ("e-divisors") which he defined. Many other mathematicians have published papers building on his work in these subjects.
Selected publications 
- Straus, E. G.; Subbarao, M. V. (1974). "On exponential divisors". Duke Mathematical Journal 41 (2): 465–471. doi:10.1215/S0012-7094-74-04152-0.
- Balasubramanian, R. (April 10, 2006). "Matukumalli Venkata Subbarao" (PDF). Current Science (Bangalore: Current Science Association) 90 (7): 1011. ISSN 00113891. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
- Subbarao, M. V. (October 1966). "Some remarks on the partition function". American Mathematical Monthly 73 (8): 851–854.
- Ono, K. (1996). "Parity of the partition function in arithmetic progressions". Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 472: 1–15.
- Newman, M. (November 1960). "Periodicity modulo m and divisibility properties of the partition function". Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 97 (2): 225–236.
- "Dr. Mathukumalli Venkata Subbarao". University of Alberta Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
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