Mati Klarwein

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(Abdul) Mati Klarwein
Mati Klarwein.jpg
Born Matias Klarwein
(1932-04-09)April 9, 1932
Hamburg, Germany
Died March 7, 2002(2002-03-07) (aged 69)
Deià, Majorca, Spain
Nationality French
Education Académie Julian, École des Beaux-Arts, Paris
Known for Painting, Drawing, Film
Notable work(s) Annunciation (1961)
Grain of Sand (1963-65)
Bitches Brew (1969)
Aleph Sanctuary (1963-70)
Movement Surrealism, Fantastic Realism, Visionary art

Abdul Mati Klarwein (April 9, 1932 – March 7, 2002) was a painter best known for his works used on the covers of music albums. The art and culture magazine Juxtapoz wrote about him, the man literally responsible for every great, legendary record cover you've ever seen--if he didn't do it, he inspired it.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Mati Klarwein was born in Hamburg, Germany. His mother Elsa Kuhne was an opera singer and his father Joseph Klarwein was an architect with the Bauhaus movement.[2] His family was of Jewish origin and they fled to the British Mandate of Palestine when he was two years old, after the rise of Nazi Germany. In 1948 when the territory became Israel, his family traveled to Paris. There Mati studied from 1949 to 1951 with Fernand Léger, and attended the art schools École des Beaux-Arts and Académie Julian.[3]

Klarwein added "Abdul" (which means "servant" in Arabic) to his name in the late 1950s to express his sentiments about the hostility between Jews and Muslims in the Middle East: he felt that to understand each other better, every Jew should adopt a Muslim first name, and vice-versa.[4] In 1956 he met Kitty Lillaz, and traveled with her around-the-world, including Tibet, India, Bali, North Africa, Turkey, Europe and the Americas.

In the early 1960s he settled for a while in New York City, meeting Jimi Hendrix. At a New York exhibition in 1961, organized by Lillaz for the unveiling of the painting Flight to Egypt[5] Klarwein met Salvador Dali for the first time, who he called a spiritual father.[6] The same year he met his wife Sofia Klarwein.[3] Among other painters he met more often was Arik Brauer.[3] In 1965, he obtained the French nationality, with the support of Mrs. André Malraux.[7]

Style and technique[edit]

During his time in Saint-Tropez he met Ernst Fuchs, who would have a profound influence on his technique, teaching him the Mischtechnik.[3] Much of Klarwein's most famous work is inspired by surrealism and pop culture, but also reflects his interest in deities and symbolism.

Klarwein is still best known for his art of the 1960s and 1970s, with its clear links to surrealism, popular psychedelic imagery, ethnic and exotic themes, erotic, and religious art from a number of different traditions.[8][3][9] He also worked more conventionally across a variety of genres including still life, landscape, and portrait.

Career[edit]

1960s[edit]

During the '60s Klarwein's fame grew and some of the decade's most progressive musicians used his artwork for their album covers.

In his painting Grain of Sand (1963–1965), many disparate images are combined together in one massive, yet oddly coherent work. Klarwein's own words illuminate the work: "I projected it as a sort of painted musical comedy movie with a Sanskrit swinging cast of thousands, starring Marilyn Monroe, Anita Ekberg, Ray Charles, Pablo Picasso, Brigitte Bardot, Roland Kirk, Cannonball Adderley, Ahmed Abdul Malik, Wonderwoman, Delacroix's Orphan Girl at the Cemetery, Litri and his bullshit fighters, Lawrence of Arabia, Socrates, Dalí, Rama, Vishnu, Ganesh, the Zork and a Milky Way of playmates."[10]

1970s[edit]

Mati Klarwein's artwork for gatefold cover of Miles Davis's Bitches Brew.

Klarwein created the cover for the February 1970 Time magazine issue, showing the face of Barry Commoner (visit article for artwork), projecting a powerful image of ecology, which took the stage for the first time in the public eye.[11]

Klarwein's painting Annunciation from 1961 was seen in reproduction by the musician Carlos Santana, who subsequently used it 1970 as the cover image of his band Santana's second album Abraxas. In the following years Klarwein produced comparably striking designs for the covers of two Miles Davis albums, Bitches Brew (1969) and Live-Evil (1971). His painting Zonked (1970), originally planned for use on a Betty Davis album of the same name,[6] would later be used as the cover of a Last Poets album Holy Terror (1993). The next year his cover was on the album Last Days and Time by Earth, Wind & Fire. A cover he made for Jimi Hendrix was used on a single in 1974[12] and for a compilation in 2010.[13]

The association of his images with these very successful and widely admired musicians of the time, made Klarwein's work known outside the circle of lovers of contemporary art. Many of these paintings, and others, were included in Klarwein's first book Milk n' Honey (1973).

In 1971 he went to Hamburg and created set paintings for the film Herman Hesse's Steppenwolf.[3] In the mid-1970s, Klarwein began a series of paintings which he referred to as "real-estate paintings" or "inscapes". In the late 1970s he collaborated with trumpeter Jon Hassell for a couple albums on Brian Eno's Ambient label; these albums used several of Klarwein's "inscapes" on their covers.

1980s and later[edit]

In the 80's, Klarwein begun to focus on landscape compositions, which were detailed, had different perspectives and often included floric textures.[3] During the 1980s and 1990s, Klarwein would occasionally search for cheap paintings at flea markets and "improve" them, painting over them or adding things at his whim. Klarwein made over a hundred of these "improved paintings" throughout his career.[6] In 1983 he published, Inscapes Real-Estate Paintings, which included an interview where Klarwein said about his work: Some visual artworks are made to be talked about more than to be seen, others are made to be seen more than to be talked about. I think I belong in the latter category.[14][15]

Klarwein also painted many commissioned portraits, including Robert Graves, Noël Coward, Juliette Binoche, Richard Gere, Michael Douglas and Brigitte Bardot.[3] He died of cancer on March 7, 2002, in Deià, on the Spanish island of Majorca.

Album covers[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Milk n' Honey (1973) Harmony Books, New York
  • God Jokes (1976) Harmony Books, New York
  • Inscapes: Real-Estate Paintings (1983) Harmony Books, New York
  • Collected Works 1959-1975 (1988) Raymond Martin Press, Germany
  • A Thousand Windows and Improved Paintings: Bad Paintings Made Gooder (1995) Max Publishing, Spain
  • Improved Paintings 1979-2000 (2000) Max Publishing, Spain
  • Paradise Lost and Found (2005) Consell de Mallorca, Spain ISBN 84-96430-13-8
  • Mati & the Music - 52 Album Covers (2012) 213 Librairies, France ISBN 9788492480197

References[edit]

External links[edit]