Matilda of Chester, Countess of Huntingdon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Matilda of Chester)
Jump to: navigation, search
Matilda of Chester
Born 1171
Died 6 January 1233
Other names sometimes referred to as Maude de Kevelioc
Title Countess of Huntingdon
Spouse(s) David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon
Children John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and 7th Earl of Chester
Henry of Huntingdon
Robert of Huntingdon
Margaret of Huntingdon
Isobel of Huntingdon
Ada of Huntingdon
Matilda of Huntingdon
Parents Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester
Bertrade de Montfort

Matilda of Chester,[1][2] Countess of Huntingdon (1171 – 6 January 1233)[2][3] was an Anglo-Norman noblewoman, sometimes known as Maud and sometimes known with the surname de Kevelioc. She was a daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester, and the wife of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon. Through her daughter, Isobel, she was an ancestress of Robert the Bruce.

Family[edit]

Lady Maude was born in 1171, the eldest child of Hugh de Kevelioc (aka Hugh De Meschines), 5th Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort, a cousin of King Henry II of England. Her paternal grandparents were Ranulf de Gernon and Maud (Matilda) of Gloucester, the granddaughter of King Henry I of England, and her maternal grandparents were Simon III de Montfort, Count of Évreux and Mahaut.

Lady Matilda's five siblings were:

She also had a sister, Amice (or Amicia) of Chester, who may have been illegitimate.[2]

Matilda's father died in 1181 when she was ten years of age. He had served in King Henry's Irish campaigns after his estates had been restored to him in 1177. They had been confiscated by the King as a result of his taking part in the baronial Revolt of 1173–1174. His son Ranulf succeeded him as Earl of Chester, and Matilda became a co-heiress of her brother.

Dervorguilla of Galloway, a granddaughter of Matilda of Chester

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 26 August 1190, she married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon, a Scottish prince, son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, and a younger brother of Malcolm IV of Scotland and William I of Scotland. He was almost thirty years Matilda's senior. The marriage was recorded by Benedict of Peterborough.[5]

David and Matilda had seven children:

Her husband David had four illegitimate children by various mistresses.[5]

On her brother Ranulf's death in October 1232 Matilda inherited a share in his estates with her other 3 sisters, and his Earldom of Chester suo jure. Less than a month later with the consent of the King, Matilda gave an inter vivos gift of the Earldom to her son John the Scot who became Earl of Chester by right of his mother.[7] He was formally invested by King Henry III as Earl of Chester[2] on 21 November 1232.[8] He became Earl of Chester in his own right on the death of his mother six weeks later.

Matilda died on 6 January 1233 at the age of about sixty-two. Her husband had died in 1219. In 1290, upon the death of Margaret, Maid of Norway, which caused the extinction of the legitimate line of William I, the descendants of David and Matilda became the prime competitors for the crown of Scotland. Through their daughter, Isobel, they were the direct ancestors of the renowned Scottish King, Robert the Bruce.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cokayne, G.E. et al, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III
  2. ^ a b c d e Charles Cawley. "England, earls created 1067-1122". Medieval Lands. 
  3. ^ Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999)
  4. ^ That Richard is a son of Earl Hugh, Matilda's father, is recorded in the Domesday Descendants.
  5. ^ a b Charles Cawley. "Kings of Scotland". Medieval Lands. 
  6. ^ "thePeerage.com - Person Page 10777". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  7. ^ Burke, John, A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland
  8. ^ Earl of Chester
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Ranulf de Blondeville
Countess of Chester suo jure
26 Oct - 21 Nov 1232
Succeeded by
John the Scot