The Matipu people are an indigenous people of Brazil. They live in the southern part of the Xingu Indigenous Park in the state of Mato Grosso. Their a population is estimated at about 149 individuals in 2011, up from population of 40 in the 1995 census. They are mainly of animist faith and share many cultural traits with other Xingu peoples.
They are also known as the Mariape-Nahuqua and Matipuhy.
The Matipu traditional spoke the Matipu language, a Carib language, but there are no longer any known living speakers. Now they speak the Kuikúro-Kalapálo language.
To provide for themselves, the Matipu hunt, fish, and farm. Manioc and maize are their primary crops.