Matisyahu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Matisyahu (reggae artist))
Jump to: navigation, search
For the 2nd century BC Jewish high priest of the Maccabees, see Mattathias.
Matisyahu
MatisyahuPressShotOfficial.jpg
Background information
Birth name Matthew Paul Miller
Also known as Matisyahu
Born (1979-06-30) June 30, 1979 (age 35)
West Chester, Pennsylvania, US
Origin White Plains, New York, US
Genres Reggae, alternative hip hop, alternative rock, reggae fusion
Occupations Singer, rapper, activist
Instruments Vocals, beatboxing
Years active 2000–present
Labels Fallen Sparks, JDub, Epic, SBMG Records
Associated acts Sublime
Umphrey's McGee
Citizen Cope
The Dirty Heads
Infected Mushroom
Akon
Bob Marley
Les Claypool
Phish
Moshav (band)
Collie Buddz
Website MatisyahuWorld.com

Matthew Paul Miller (born June 30, 1979), known by his Hebrew name and stage name Matisyahu ("Gift of God"), is an American reggae rapper and alternative rock musician.

Known for blending Orthodox Jewish themes with reggae, rock and hip hop beatboxing sounds, Matisyahu's 2005 single "King Without a Crown" was a Top 40 hit in the United States.[1] Since 2004, he has released four studio albums as well as two live albums, two remix CDs and two DVDs featuring live concerts. In addition, Matisyahu played the role of Tzadok in The Possession, a supernatural horror film directed by Ole Bornedal and co-produced by Sam Raimi. Through his career, Matisyahu has worked with Bill Laswell, reggae producers Sly & Robbie, and Kool Kojak.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Matisyahu was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania. His family eventually settled in White Plains in Westchester County, New York.[2] He was brought up a Reconstructionist Jew, and attended Hebrew school at Bet Am Shalom, a synagogue in White Plains. He spent much of his childhood barely learning the tenets of Judaism, but by the time he was a teenager, Matisyahu began to rebel against his lack of upbringing.[3] He started taking drugs and dropped out of White Plains High School. He became a self-professed "Phish-head," taking hallucinogens and following the rock band Phish on tour.[4] He finished high school at a wilderness program in Bend, Oregon.[5]

In the fall of 1995,[6] Matisyahu took part in a two-month program at the Alexander Muss High School in Hod Hasharon, Israel, a program which offers students first-hand exploration of Jewish heritage as a way of solidifying Jewish identity. After he finished Muss, he returned to New York, where he subsequently dropped out of high school after the first day of his senior year and traveled around the country. A stint in a rehabilitation center in upstate New York followed, and he then went to Oregon on a wilderness expedition trip for teenagers. “It was not necessarily for drug rehabilitation, but that was part of the reason I was out there,” he explained to a journalist of The Jewish Daily Forward in 2008.[6]

In Oregon, he identified himself as “Matt, the Jewish rapper kid from New York.” In Oregon (unlike in New York City), Matisyahu said, “I was suddenly the token Jew. This was now my search for my own identity, and part of Judaism feeling more important and relevant to me.” He moved back to New York and started developing his reggae, spending hours in his room, writing and practicing his style to the accompaniment of hip-hop tapes. Around that same time, he says, he started to become more interested in Judaism, taking classes on Jewish spirituality at The New School. Matisyahu approached Eli Cohen, a rabbi at New York University, about learning. He recounts that at the same time, he started praying, getting himself a siddur (prayer book) and tallit (prayer shawl). He learned of the Carlebach Shul (synagogue), located on the Upper West Side, and started going there every Sabbath, as well as wearing a yarmulke[7] (head covering) and tzitzit (fringed undergarment). It was then that he met NYU’s Chabad rabbi, Dov Yonah Korn, someone he could relate to. Matisyahu began playing with the Jewish band Pey Dalid.[8] At the age of 19, Matisyahu formally joined the Lubavitch movement and took Matisyahu as a Hebrew form of his name.

2001–2007[edit]

Matisyahu performing at the Roskilde Festival in 2006

From 2001 through July 2007, Matisyahu was affiliated with the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic community in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, New York. However, as of July 17, 2007, he told the Miami New Times in an interview that he no longer "necessarily" identifies with the Lubavitch movement. In the interview he stated that "...the more I'm learning about other types of Jews, I don't want to exclude myself. I felt boxed in."[9] Additionally, in the fall of 2007, while on a family vacation spent primarily in Jerusalem's Nachlaot neighborhood, he expressed interest in another Hasidic sect, that of Karlin.[10] As of November 2007 he has confirmed a preference to pray at the Karliner synagogue in Boro Park where the custom is to ecstatically scream prayers; however he continued to reside in Crown Heights because of his wife's affinity for the community.[11]

Soon after his adoption of hasidism, Matisyahu began studying Torah at Hadar Hatorah, a yeshiva for returnees to Judaism where he wrote and recorded his first album. He counts Bob Marley, Phish,[12] God Street Wine and Rabbi Shlomo Carlebach among his musical inspirations and gives credit to Rabbi Simon Jacobson's book Toward a Meaningful Life for the lyrical inspiration to Youth's title track. As part of his faith, he strictly observes the Jewish Sabbath, which begins at sundown on Friday; thus he does not perform in concert on Friday nights. An exception to this rule occurred at a 2007 concert in Fairbanks, Alaska; since the sun did not set until 2:00 a.m., performing in the late hours was not a violation of Jewish observance.[13]

Career[edit]

Miller performed for over a year as MC Truth in the Bend, Oregon band Soulfori. In 2004, Matisyahu, after having signed with JDub Records, a nonprofit record label that promotes Jewish musicians, released his first album, Shake Off the Dust...Arise. At Bonnaroo 2005, Trey Anastasio of the band Phish invited him for a guest spot on his set.[14] His next album, "Live at Stubb's" was produced for Or Music by Bill Laswell, with minor contribution by pop producers Jimmy Douglass and the Ill Factor. It was distributed for Or Music by Sony/RED, and later upstreamed to Sony/Epic. Live at Stubb's, released in 2006, was recorded at a concert in Austin, Texas was followed by the studio album Youth.

In 2005 and 2006 he toured extensively in the United States, Canada and Europe; and made a number of stops in Israel, including a performance as the supporting act for Sting in June 2006. In late 2006, he released No Place to Be, a remix album featuring re-recordings and remixes of songs from all three of his earlier albums, as well as a cover of "Message in a Bottle" by The Police. The live version of the song King Without a Crown, broke into the Modern Rock Top 10 in 2006. The accompanying video and album, Youth, produced by Bill Laswell, was released on March 7, 2006. On March 16, Youth was Billboard magazine's number-one Digital Album. In 2006, he appeared once again at Bonnaroo, this time performing a solo set.[15]

On March 1, 2006, right before the release of Youth, he informed JDub that he no longer needed its management services. He has since been represented by former Capitol Records president Gary Gersh. JDub claims the artist has three years remaining on a four-year management contract.JDub managed his act, but was not his record label.[16] Since his debut, Matisyahu has received positive reviews from both rock and reggae outlets. In 2006 he was named as Top Reggae Artist by Billboard[17] as well as being named a spokesperson for Kenneth Cole.[18] In 2006, Esquire magazine awarded Matisyahu the "Most Lovable Oddball" award in their "Esky" Music Awards, calling him "the most intriguing reggae artist in the world."[19]

At the 2007 Slamdance Film Festival, the film Unsettled, in which Matisyahu appears, won the Grand Jury Prize for Best Documentary Feature. While attending the festival, he performed in an impromptu concert at the Park City Film Music Festival in Park City, Utah. In the summer of 2007 he joined 311 on their Summer Unity Tour. He also performed in the 2008 documentary Call + Response.[20] His third studio album, Light, was released on August 25, 2009, along with the live EP Live at Twist & Shout. From July 10 to 30, 2010, Matisyahu (along with The Dirty Heads) supported Sublime with Rome (the new version of the band) on their US tour.[21]

In November 2009, NBC used Matisyahu's song "One Day" as background music for their advertisement of the Olympic games. This stirred up speculation that "One Day" may become the theme song for the 2010 Olympics. However, it remained only NBC's top pick, and was not announced to be the theme song.[22] On August 2, 2010, Matisyahu revealed to OC Weekly that he has been writing new songs for his next album, which was expected to be recorded within weeks of his statement.[23] On November 26, 2010, Matisyahu released a special edition Record Store Day Black Friday 7" vinyl called, Two for independent record stores. Matisyahu recorded the Sephardic music-influenced hip hop song "Two Child One Drop" for the Sephardic Music Festival, Vol. 1 compilation album released by Shemspeed, alongside artists such as Hasidic rapper Y-Love, Israeli hip-hop group Hadag Nahash, and psychedelic rock/Sephardic fusion group Pharaoh's Daughter.[24]

Matisyahu at Republik Music Festival 4, Honolulu, Hawaii
June 9, 2014

On August 18, 2010, Matisyahu returned to Stubb's in Austin, Texas for another live recording for Live at Stubb's, Vol. 2. The album was released on February 1, 2011.[25] In 2011, he embarked on a concert tour. In March 2011, Matisyahu took part in clip "Pure Soul". The song is of DeScribe, Hasidic Jewish singer. On May 8, 2012, Matisyahu released a new single featuring a new version of his song "Sunshine" as one of his singles of his new album Spark Seeker, which was released on July 17, 2012 in the United States.

On June 3, 2014 Matisyahu released “Akeda,” which is slightly different from his previous work. Matisyahu himself described it as a "stripped back sound" and in a style as he describes as "less is more.".[26] “Akeda” was in the iTunes Top 10 a week later, ranking at No. 6 which was the same week he began his new tour. The tour started at Kakaako Waterfront Park in Honolulu, Hawaii as part of the Repulik Music Festival 4.[27]

Collaboration[edit]

Matisyahu, July 2007, Mansfield, Massachusetts; on tour with 311

Matisyahu has performed with Kenny Muhammad, a Muslim beatboxer. He also recorded the song "One Day" along with Akon, who is also Muslim.[28] Matisyahu is featured on Trevor Hall's single "Unity" from his self-titled album. Matisyahu is also featured on "Roots in Stereo" and "Strength of My Life" from P.O.D.'s album Testify. Matisyahu collaborated with Shyne on the song "Buffalo Soldier" from his 2012 release, Spark Seeker.

Matisyahu collaborated with J. Ralph on the song "Crossroads feat. J. Ralph" from his 2012 release, Spark Seeker. Matisyahu collaborated with Infected Mushroom on the song "One Day", as well as during various live sets. Matisyahu collaborated with Moon Taxi on the song "Square Circles" off the band's 2012 release "Cabaret". He has also collaborated with The Crystal Method in their single "Drown in the Now." He is featured on The Dirty Heads's album Cabin by the Sea on the single "Dance All Night". Matisyahu also collaborated with Boston-based rapper Nosson Zand on his 2013 release, "Believers." Matisyahu is featured on the 19-track compilation album"Songs For a Healthier America", a collaborative project by the Partnership for a Healthier America, whose honorary chair First Lady Michelle Obama, and Hip Hop Public Health. His song "U R What You Eat" also features Travis Barker, Ariana Grande, and Salad Bar. [29] In 2014, Matisyahu was featured on Cisco Adler's song "Hypnotize," which was included on his Coastin album.

Artistry[edit]

Musical style[edit]

Matisyahu performance in 2005

Matisyahu fuses the contemporary styles of reggae, rap, beatboxing, and hip-hop in general, with the more traditional vocal disciplines of jazz's scat singing and Judaism's hazzan style of songful prayer. The New York Times' Kelefa Sanneh wrote that "His sound owes a lot to early dancehall reggae stars like Barrington Levy and Eek-a-Mouse."[30] His love for Reggae started from the fact that his mother's sister married a man from Barbados and that is where his cousins were raised. Every time he would visit, he started paying more attention to their music. That was the first time he remembered hearing reggae and liking it. After that, he got into Bob Marley. He then went to see Israel Vibration and claims that they changed his life. He fell in love with the heaviness of the music, the meditative quality, and the spirituality of the lyrics with all of the Old Testament references which to him, seemed like the full package.

The Chicago Tribune's Kevin Pang described a Matisyahu performance as "soul-shaking brand of dancehall reggae, a show that captures both the jam band vibe of Phish and the ska-punk of Sublime."[31] Coming from his Jewish beliefs and compounding his use of the hazzan style, Matisyahu's lyrics are mostly English with more than occasional use of Hebrew and Yiddish.

In 2006, Matisyahu stated that "All of my songs are influenced and inspired by the teachings that inspire me. I want my music to have meaning, to be able to touch people and make them think. Chasidism teaches that music is 'the quill of the soul.' Music taps into a very deep place and speaks to us in a way that regular words can't."[32]

In 2009, he said about his recently released album Light, "I think the vast majority of people that respect what I do are willing to move with me. I think it's not so much about genres or styles of music as it is about expressing the emotion or the idea. ... Whatever allows you to do that, whatever style, as long as it's authentic." In 2010 he also confirmed his first speaking date at the University of Central Florida.[33]

Personal life[edit]

Family[edit]

Matisyahu met NYU film student Talia when she interviewed him for a documentary about men and women not touching. They were set up by Rabbi Dov Yonah Korn, NYU's Chabad chaplain,[34] and they married in August 2004.[35] Together they have sons Laivy (2005), Shalom,[36] and Menachem Mendel (2011).[37]

In April 2014, Matisyahu confirmed that he was no longer with his wife and that they had been separated for about a year.[38]

In a June 2014 interview on the Howard Stern Show, Matisyahu confirmed that he is divorced from his wife, but they remain on good terms and share parenting duties.[39]

Origin of his name[edit]

Matisyahu is an Ashkenazic Hebrew pronunciation of a Biblical Hebrew name (מתתיהו – Mattityahu; Greek: Mattathias), the name of the 2nd century BCE Jewish leader of the Maccabees' revolt. The English equivalent is Matthew.

In an interview in Kosher Spirit Magazine (a publication by OK Kosher Certification), Matisyahu explained the origin of his use of the name as follows: while he, like most Jewish boys, received a Hebrew name at his brit milah (circumcision ceremony), when he was eight days old, Miller's family lost track of the names given. In Hebrew school, it was assumed to be Matisyahu because of the connection between Matthew and Matisyahu. The original certificate of birth was later located and Miller discovered that the actual name given at the brit was the Yiddish name "Feivish Hershel". He was advised by his rabbis to continue using the Hebrew name that he had grown up with.[40]

Appearance[edit]

On December 13, 2011, Matisyahu posted a beardless picture of himself on Twitter, explaining on his website:[41]

No more Chassidic reggae superstar. Sorry folks, all you get is me...no alias.
When I started becoming religious 10 years ago it was a very natural and organic process. It was my choice. My journey: to discover my roots and explore Jewish spirituality—not through books but through real life. At a certain point I felt the need to submit to a higher level of religiosity...to move away from my intuition and to accept an ultimate truth. I felt that in order to become a good person I needed rules—lots of them—or else I would somehow fall apart. I am reclaiming myself. Trusting my goodness and my divine mission.
Get ready for an amazing year filled with music of rebirth. And for those concerned with my naked face, don’t worry...
you haven’t seen the last of my facial hair."

In June 2012, Matisyahu appeared in an online video to promote his new single "Sunshine" with his hair bleached and appeared to be without a yarmulke,[42] causing a big stir within the Jewish blogosphere.[43][44] Controversy also arose due to some confusion as to whether or not Matisyahu was still spiritually Jewish. He has confirmed several times including with vulture.com that he certainly is still spiritually Jewish.

Veganism[edit]

Matisyahu is a vegan[45] and a board member of the Jewish vegan organization, the Shamayim V'Aretz Institute.[46]

Touring members[edit]

Current
  • Matisyahu – vocals (2000–present)
Dub Trio
  • Stu "Bassie" Brooks – bass guitar (2009–present)
  • Joe Tomino – drums (2009–present)
  • D.P. Holmes – guitar (2009–present)
Former
  • Borahm Lee – keyboards (2006–07)
  • Skoota Warner – drums (2007–08)
  • Jason Fraticelli – bass (2007–09)
  • Rob Marscher – keyboards (2008–2012)
Roots Tonic

Discography[edit]

Main article: Matisyahu discography

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Matisyahu". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  2. ^ "Matisypupuahu Biography", AOL Music, accessed April 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Matisyahu Video, Pictures, Biography". AskMen. 1979-06-30. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  4. ^ "Matisyahu Picture". AskMen.com. October 7, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  5. ^ Anderman, Joan. Jewish MC rocks the mike and keeps it kosher, boston.com, June 20, 2004.
  6. ^ a b Horn, Jordana (Dec 18, 2008). "Evolution of an Icon: Matisyahu’s Musical and Spiritual Journey". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Kippah". Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Blum, Brian. "Matisya-Who?", Shabbat Shalom, Orthodox Union, June 15, 2006.
  9. ^ Matisyahu Tonight at Sound Advice Amphitheatre. Miami New Times Blog, July 17, 2007.
  10. ^ The Bob and the Baba. HaAretz, Israel, October 9, 2007.
  11. ^ Nussbaum Cohen, Debra. "Matisyahu's New Spiritual Groove". The Jewish Week, November 28, 2007.
  12. ^ Rolling Stone. 'New CDs: Matisyahu, Juvenile, by Peter Relic. March 6, 2006
  13. ^ Jacobs, Cheryl (2008-06-17). "Articles". Oy!Chicago. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  14. ^ Serpick, Evan. "Matisyahu: Hasidic Hot Stepper", Rolling Stone, February 24, 2006.
  15. ^ "Bonnaroo". Buzznet. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  16. ^ Sisario, Ben. "Hasidic Reggae Singer Surprises His Managers", The New York Times, March 14, 2006.
  17. ^ Martens, Todd. "Sean Paul, Matisyahu reggae's top acts in '06", Reuters.
  18. ^ Slutsky, Carolyn. "Matisyahu: Clothes Horse, Diversity Poster Boy", Jewish Week, New York.
  19. ^ Anonymous (February 8, 2007). "The Most Lovable Oddball". Esquire. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "Call + Response". Callandresponse.com. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  21. ^ "Sublime with Rome Tour". Sublimewithrome.com. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  22. ^ "Matisyahu's "One Day" Official 2010 Olympics Song, or Just NBC's Top Pick? | The Vancouver Observer – News, Culture, Sports, Blogs in Vancouver, BC". The Vancouver Observer. 2009-11-12. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  23. ^ Bose, Lilledeshan (August 2, 2010). "Matisyahu Talks About Touring with Sublime With Rome and His New Album". OC Weekly. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  24. ^ "Sephardic Music Festival Compilation Vol.1". 
  25. ^ Matisyahu announces Live at Stubb's Vol. II – Consequence of Sound
  26. ^ Matisyahu is on a musical and spiritual journey - Napa Valley Register
  27. ^ Matisyahu tackles new life path – Honolulu Star Advertiser
  28. ^ Matisyahu, 'One Day' (Remix) Feat. Akon, Spinner, January 15, 2010.
  29. ^ Songs for a Healthier America
  30. ^ Sanneh, Kelefa (March 8, 2006). "Dancehall With a Different Accent". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  31. ^ Pang, Kevin (March 6, 2006). "Matisyahu rocks jammed Riviera with steady beats". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  32. ^ Matisyahu's Passover, Chabad.org, April 2006.
  33. ^ "More Jersey than Jamaica", Jerusalem Post, August 30, 2009.
  34. ^ They were set up by Rabbi Korn ('You have to set up a date through the rabbi') and went through a dating process that Matisyahu admits would make a great premise for a sitcom. 'After the date she called the rabbi and told him what happened, and I called the rabbi and told him what happened. Then we decided if we wanted to go another date. By the third date, I knew this was the person I wanted to marry.'
  35. ^ "Matisyahu". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  36. ^ by Matisyahu. "Matisyahu Live Chat – Monday 3/8 @ 4:30PM EST, Ustream.TV: Join Matisyahu on Monday 3/8 at 4:30pm EST for a live chat!". Ustream.tv. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  37. ^ Sun December 11, 2011 episode of 'Chef Roble & Co' where he catered a Kosher Vegan Event for Matisyahu
  38. ^ "Matisyahu on Akeda, His Religious Evolution, Divorce, and "Dealing With a Lot of Rejection". Miami New Times. 
  39. ^ The Howard Stern Show, SiriusXM Satellite Radio, June 23, 2014.
  40. ^ "M on M – Hasidic Reggae Superstar", Kosher Spirit Magazine, Fall 2005.
  41. ^ "News – Note from Matisyahu". Matisyahu World. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  42. ^ JTA.org [1], June 5, 2012
  43. ^ Huffington Post.com Matisyahu and the Pitfalls of the Charismatic Leader, June 6, 2012
  44. ^ Huffington Post.com Matisyahu's Public Transformation: What The World Doesn't Understand About Religious Jews' Reaction, June 5, 2012
  45. ^ Matisyahu still tweeting vegan
  46. ^ http://shamayimvaretz.com/leadership.html

External links[edit]