Matlockite

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Matlockite
Matlockit mineralogisches museum bonn.jpg
Matlockite specimen from Derbyshire, England
General
Category Halide minerals
Formula
(repeating unit)
PbFCl
Strunz classification 03.DC.25
Dana classification 9.2.11.1
Crystal symmetry Tetragonal 4/m 2/m 2/m ditetragonal dipyramidal
Unit cell a = 4.11 Å, c = 7.23 Å; Z = 2
Identification
Colour Colourless to yellow and greenish
Crystal habit Flattened, tabular crystals occurring as aggregates, rosettelike, radiating, hemispherical; also massive
Crystal system Tetragonal
Cleavage {001}, perfect
Fracture Uneven to subconchoidal
Tenacity Brittle
Mohs scale hardness 2.5 - 3
Luster Adamantine, pearly on {001}
Diaphaneity Transparent
Specific gravity 7.1 - 7.2
Optical properties Uniaxial (-)
Refractive index nω = 2.150 nε = 2.040
References [1][2]

Matlockite is a rare lead halide mineral, named after the town of Matlock in Derbyshire, England, where it was first discovered[1] in a nearby mine. Matlockite (chemical formula: PbFCl) gives its name to the matlockite group which consists of rare minerals of a similar structure.

Description[edit]

The mineral, a lead fluorochloride (formula PbFCl), was discovered sometime around the early 1800s at Bage Mine at Bolehill near Matlock, together with specimens of phosgenite and anglesite. Although phosgenite was known at this time, it seems likely that matlockite itself remained unappreciated as a new mineral for some fifty years. It was given the name by Greg in 1851.[3] The first mention of Matlockite may have been in Mawe's Mineralogy of Derbyshire in 1802[4] in which he gives a detailed description of phosgenite, which is then followed by a mention of a mineral he refers to as "glass lead" - a description which does rather equate to the appearance of matlockite. It is a light, translucent creamy-yellow colour, but heavy in weight having a density that is over 7.1.[2]

A very large specimen 10 cm across, and originating from Derbyshire, exists in the collections of the American Museum of Natural History.[5] A 7 cm specimen can be found in the collection of Derby Museum and Art Gallery.[6]

Matlockite has been reported from a variety of locations since its discovery at the type locality of Derbyshire. The mineral is also found in Tiger, Arizona, Laurium in Greece, a mine near Essen in Germany and near Campiglia in Tuscany. Samples have also been found at locations in South Africa, Peru, Chile, Australia, Austria, France and Italy.[1][2]

The matlockite group[edit]

The matlockite group consists of a number of minerals which share a similar crystal structure. The group includes bismuth, lead or calcium halides: bismoclite (BiO)Cl, daubréeite (BiO)(OH,Cl), laurionite PbCl(OH), paralaurionite PbCl(OH), rorisite CaFCl, zavaritskite (BiO)F and the eponymous matlockite.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Handbook of Mineralogy
  2. ^ a b c Mindat.org
  3. ^ Phosgenite and Matlockite in Derbyshire (Part 1), T. Bridges, M.E. Smith, Journal of the Russell Society Volume 1, No. 2, p7-14, 1983 Retrieved on 2011-01-11
  4. ^ Mawe, John. The Mineralogy of Derbyshire with a Description of the most Interesting Mines. 1802, London
  5. ^ Frondell, Clifford. American Mineralogist, Vol 20, 469-473, 1935 Retrieved on 2011-01-11
  6. ^ Nick Moyes (9 April 2011). Working with Wikipedia - a museum's perspective. Event occurs at 14:30. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Matlockite Group". Mindat.org. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 

External links[edit]