Matoury

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Matoury
Flag of Matoury
Flag of Matoury
Coordinates: 4°50′50″N 52°19′52″W / 4.8472°N 52.3311°W / 4.8472; -52.3311Coordinates: 4°50′50″N 52°19′52″W / 4.8472°N 52.3311°W / 4.8472; -52.3311
Country France
Overseas region and department French Guiana
Arrondissement Cayenne
Intercommunality Centre Littoral
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2014) Jean-Pierre Roumillac
Area1 137.19 km2 (52.97 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 28,110
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 97307 / 97351
Elevation 0–234 m (0–768 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Matoury is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.

Matoury is a southern suburb of Cayenne, the préfecture and largest city of French Guiana. Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, the main international airport of French Guiana, is located in the commune of Matoury.

Air Guyane Express has its head office on the grounds of the airport.[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Matoury is located in French Guiana situated in South America. It is bordered by 5 communes:

The city used to be called "Tour de l'Isle" because it is bordered by water :

  • Fouillé inlet ( in French "Crique Fouillée") is the limit both with Cayenne and Rémire-Montjoly
  • The river Mahury and the southern part of the river Tour de l'Île are the border with Roura
  • The Northern part of the river Tour de l'Île and the southern part of the Cayenne river are the boundary with Montsinéry-Tonnegrande
  • The Northern part of the Cayenne river is the limit with Macouria

Population[edit]

Matoury is a cosmopolitan. Indeed it is home to Amerindians ( located in Sainte-Rose-de-Lima, Cécilia and Petit-la-Chaumière), to Creols,Metropolitans,Haïtians, Brazilians, Surinamese, Javanese, Chinese, Businenge and people from England Antilles such as St-Lucia.

Town planning[edit]

The town planning of Matoury is very uneven. Outside the town-centre there are some urbanized areas along the axes leading to Cayenne, Macouria and Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport. Besides, the PROGT, the Balata professional lyceum are surrounded by the forest. However, the city is urbanizing fast as a dormitory town near Cayenne which the main city of French Guiana.

The main neighbourhoods of Matoury are:

  • Copaya and Barbadine in the town-centre
  • Concorde near the Félix Eboué airport
  • Larivot next to the Larivot harbour
  • Chemin de la Levée
  • Stoupan and Degrad on the river Mahury
  • Sainte-Rose-de-Lima
  • Balata
  • Cogneau-Larivot
  • La Chaumière

Accommodation[edit]

Matoury is home to 1178 accommodations among which 78.4% are main home, 7.2% are second home and 13.7% are unoccupied.

Climate[edit]

Matoury has a Tropical rainforest climate.

History[edit]

In 1838, during the colonial era, the District of Matoury was the third of the French Guiana colony thanks to its large and diversely cultivated areas. The main productions were sugarcane, cotton, clove, achiote and pepper.

Matoury is also home to remains of the past:

  • The Trio fort situated in the Levée location was designed by Vauban and was used to protect the Cayenne Isle, conjointly with the Cépérou and Diamant forts (in Cayenne and Rémire-Montjoly).
  • The Macaye-Duchassis habitation which used to be a cacao and sugar plantation
  • The Lamirande manufacture in Lamirande, next to the PROGT, which used produced sugar and rhum between 1927 and 1950.

Administration[edit]

Town hall of Matoury.

Raoul Roumillac was mayor of Matoury form 1965 to 1989. Jean-Pierre Roumillac has been mayor of the city since 1989.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory: World airlines." Flight International. 16–22 March 2004. 65.