Matra Murena

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Matra Murena
Talbot Matra Murena vr red.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Matra
Also called Talbot-Matra Murena
Production 1980–1983
Designer Antonis Volanis
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 3-door hatchback
Layout MR layout
Related Talbot Solara, Talbot Tagora (engine), Citroën CX (gearbox), Talbot Horizon (rear lights, steering rack, front suspension), Renault 12 (front indicator/standing lights), Peugeot 505 (door handles)
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L Poissy engine ohv I4
2.2 L Type 180 ohc I4
Transmission 5-speed manual[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,435 mm (95.9 in)[1]
Length 4,070 mm (160.2 in)[1]
Width 1,752 mm (69.0 in)[1]
Height 1,220 mm (48.0 in)[1]
Curb weight 930 kg (2,050 lb)-1,030 kg (2,271 lb)[2]
Chronology
Predecessor Matra Bagheera

The Matra Murena was a 3-seat single row sports car with mid-engined rear wheel drive, produced from 1980 through 1983 by the French engineering group Matra.

The Murena replaced the Matra Bagheera, a similar vehicle resulting from previous Matra-Simca cooperation, and was largely based on its predecessor. Referred to as project "M551" during development, the Murena employed the base Bagheera structure, but substantial changes were made to address some of the concerns regarding the previous model. The car still had a steel spaceframe with body panels made of fibreglass-polyester, but to counter the rust issues plaguing the Bagheeras, the spaceframe was galvanized.[3] The Murena was actually the first production car to use galvanized steel for all chassis parts. This, coupled with the composite panels, made the car essentially immune to rust, except for the rear trailing arms of the suspension.[4]

The Murena also inherited the Bagheera's mid-engined layout together with the sleek hatchback body shape, with the rear hatch allowing access to the engine mounted behind the passenger compartment, and a luggage area. The styling was all-new, though, and the body very aerodynamic for its time.[3][5] A unique feature carried over from the previous model was the seating arrangement - all three seats were placed in one row, with the middle seat folding down to become an armrest when not in use by a passenger.[4]

The engine selection was different, however. The base model had a 1.6 engine, while the more powerful version employed the 2.2 (Chrysler France engine), which also served as the base engine for the top of the range Talbot Tagora saloon.[5] This engine was also available with the so-called "S-kit" that upgraded its output to 142bhp At first, this was a dealer-fitted option, but later it could be ordered straight from the factory.[3] The standard carburation was via a single Solex downdraft carburettor, but S models had twin side draft carburettors.

The car had good performance and handling. It was only available in left hand drive specification, although a very small number of right hand drive conversions were made.

Production of the Matra Murena was discontinued in 1983, when the Matra factory in Romorantin switched to production of the Renault Espace multi-people carrier.

Gallery[edit]

Talbot Matra Murena 
Talbot Matra Murena 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Murena Folder 1981 (15)". MatraMurena.nl --- Alles over de Matra Murena (in Dutch). Retrieved 2006-08-20.  (now defunct)
  2. ^ Murena registration at Rijksdienst voor het Wegverkeer (Dutch vehicle registration office)
  3. ^ a b c "Development of the Matra Murena cars". Rootes-Chrysler.co.uk – Rootes Group, Chrysler Europe, SIMCA, and Talbot cars. Retrieved 2006-08-20. 
  4. ^ a b "Matra Murena Maniac". Retrieved 2006-08-20. 
  5. ^ a b "Talbot Matra Murena". MatraSport.dk by Lennart Sorth. Retrieved 2006-08-20. 

External links[edit]