Matsumae Castle

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Matsumae Castle
松前城
Matsumae, Hokkaido, Japan
MatsumaeJo.jpg
Matsumae Castle
Type Hirajiro (flatland castle)
Site information
Condition The gate to the inner citadel and remains of stone walls and embankments remain.
Site history
Built 1606
In use 1596 to Meiji Restoration
Built by Matsumae clan
Materials Earth, stone, and wood
Height Three stories

Matsumae Castle (松前城 Matsumae-jō?) is a castle located in Matsumae in Hokkaido, Japan, and is the northernmost castle in Japan.[1] It was the home of the Matsumae Han of the Matsumae clan. It is perhaps the only traditional style Edo period castle in Hokkaidō.

History[edit]

Built in 1606 by Matsumae Yoshihiro, it burned down in 1637 but was rebuilt in 1639. Later, modern defences were built on the site in 1850. The donjon of Matsumae Castle was 30 metres (98 ft) high. In 1875, the administrative building, three turrets, and an artillery position were torn down, before the remaining donjon and main gate burned down in 1949; it is now all a park.

It once controlled all passengers through Hokkaidō to the rest of Japan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "松前城" [Matsumae Castle]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2013-12-14. 

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Schmorleitz, Morton S. (1974). Castles in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co. ISBN 0-8048-1102-4. 
  • Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. pp. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1. 

Coordinates: 41°25′47″N 140°06′30″E / 41.429833°N 140.108389°E / 41.429833; 140.108389