Matsusaka, Mie

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Matsusaka
松阪市
City
Traditional street in central Matsusaka
Traditional street in central Matsusaka
Flag of Matsusaka
Flag
Official seal of Matsusaka
Seal
Location of Matsusaka in Mie Prefecture
Location of Matsusaka in Mie Prefecture
Matsusaka is located in Japan
Matsusaka
Matsusaka
 
Coordinates: 34°35′N 136°32′E / 34.583°N 136.533°E / 34.583; 136.533Coordinates: 34°35′N 136°32′E / 34.583°N 136.533°E / 34.583; 136.533
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Mie Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Mitsushige Yamanaka
Area
 • Total 623.77 km2 (240.84 sq mi)
Population (September 2012)
 • Total 167,107
 • Density 268/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Pine
- Flower Lilium auratum
-Bird Japanese Bush-warbler
Phone number 0598-53-4311
Address 1340-1 Tonomachi, Matsusaka-shi, Mie-ken 515-8515
Website www.city.matsusaka.mie.jp

Matsusaka (松阪市 Matsusaka-shi?) is a city located in Mie Prefecture, Japan.

As of September 2012, the city has an estimated population of 167,107 and a population density of 268 persons per km². The total area is 623.77 km². The city is famous for Matsusaka beef.

Geography[edit]

Matsusaka is located in east-central Kii Peninsula, in central Mie Prefecture. It stretches the width of Mie Prefecture, and is bordered by Ise Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and Nara Prefecture to the west. Parts of the City are within the limits of the Yoshino-Kumano National Park.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

City hall

Matsusaka developed as a commercial center during the Sengoku period, and Oda Nobukatsu, the younger son of Oda Nobunaga built a castle in the area in 1580. The area came under the control of Gamo Ujisato shortly thereafter, and the Gamo began construction of a castle in the Yoiho forest (四五百森 Yoiho no mori?) and named the site "Matsusaka," meaning "slope (坂) covered with pines (松)" in 1588.

Matsusaka Castle was the center of the short-lived Matsusaka Domain in the early Tokugawa shogunate, but for most of the Edo period, the castle was the eastern outpost of Kishu Domain based at Wakayama Castle.

Following the Meiji restoration, the area became part of Mie Prefecture. The town of Matsusaka was created on April 1, 1889. The second kanji character of Matsusaka was changed to 阪 from 坂 in those days. 1318 houses in the town was destroyed in a fire on March 26, 1893. The modern city of Matsusaka was established on February 1, 1933. The city suffered only light damage in World War II, when an air raid of February 4, 1945 killed four people. About 700 houses in the city was destroyed by a fire on December 16, 1951. On October 15, 1956 a major railway accident occurred at Rokken Station on the outskirts of the city, killing 42 people. On August 1, 1982, Typhoon Bess left nine people dead in its wake. The city officially celebrated its 500th anniversary in 1988.

On January 1, 2005 the city expanded to its present borders, with the absorption the towns of Mikumo and Ureshino (both from Ichishi District), and the towns of Iinan and Iitaka (both from Iinan District).

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Seaports[edit]

Education[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Noted people[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Matsusaka, Mie at Wikimedia Commons