Matt, Switzerland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Matt
Former municipality of Switzerland
Escher Sernftal.jpg
Coat of arms of Matt
Coat of arms
Matt is located in Switzerland
Matt
Matt
Coordinates: 46°58′N 9°10′E / 46.967°N 9.167°E / 46.967; 9.167Coordinates: 46°58′N 9°10′E / 46.967°N 9.167°E / 46.967; 9.167
Country Switzerland
Canton Glarus
District n.a.
Area
 • Total 41.27 km2 (15.93 sq mi)
Elevation 831 m (2,726 ft)
Highest elevation (Foostock) 2,610 m (8,560 ft)
Lowest elevation 805 m (2,641 ft)
Population (December 2013)
 • Total 361
 • Density 8.7/km2 (23/sq mi)
Postal code 8766
SFOS number 1615
Localities Matt, Trämlingen, Auen, Brumbach Stalden, Weissenberge
Surrounded by Elm, Engi, Flums (SG), Mels (SG), Schwanden
Website www.gemeinde-matt.ch
SFSO statistics

Matt is a former municipality in the canton of Glarus in Switzerland. It is located in Sernftal (Sernf valley). Effective from 1 January 2011, Matt is part of the municipality of Glarus Süd.

History[edit]

Matt is first mentioned in 1273 as Mattun.[1]

Geography[edit]

Matt im Sernftal 13. Juli 1811, by Hans Conrad Escher von der Linth

Matt has an area, as of 2006, of 41.3 km2 (15.9 sq mi). Of this area, 39.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (27.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[2]

Matt is located in the middle Sernf valley at the entrance to the Krauch Valley. It consists of the village of Matt and the mountain hamlet of Weissenberge.

Transport[edit]

The Sernftalbus operates an hourly bus service linking Matt with Schwanden railway station, Elm, and other communities in the valley of the Sernf river between them. The service replaces the Sernftal tramway that operated between 1905 and 1969, over a similar route. At Schwanden railway station, a connecting railway service runs to the capital of the canton of Glarus, the town of Glarus.[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

Matt has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 361.[5] As of 2007, 3.3% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -13.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.2%), with Albanian being second most common ( 3.7%) and Italian being third ( 1.3%).[2]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 48.6% of the vote. Most of the rest of the votes went to the SPS with 45.8% of the vote.[2]

In Matt about 70.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[2]

Matt has an unemployment rate of 0.94%. As of 2005, there were 46 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 19 businesses involved in this sector. 87 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 5 businesses in this sector. 39 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 11 businesses in this sector.[2]

The historical population is given in the following table:[1]

year population
1777 257
1850 659
1900 690
1950 622
2000 381

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Matt in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 10-Sep-2009
  3. ^ "Sernftalbus - Fahrplan 2015" [Sernftalbus - Timetable 2015] (PDF) (in German). Autobetrieb Sernftal AG. Retrieved 2015-04-20. 
  4. ^ "Sernftalbahn". www.eingestellte-bahnen.ch (in German). Retrieved 2015-04-20. 
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  6. ^ Canton Glarus population growth (German) accessed 9 September 2009

External links[edit]