Matt Salmon

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Matt Salmon
Matt Salmon, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 5th district
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded by David Schweikert
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Sam Coppersmith
Succeeded by Jeff Flake
Member of the Arizona Senate
from the 21st district
In office
January 3, 1991 – January 3, 1995
Preceded by Jerry Gillespie
Succeeded by Stan Barnes
Personal details
Born Matthew James Salmon
(1958-01-21) January 21, 1958 (age 56)
Salt Lake City, Utah
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Nancy Salmon
Children 4
Residence Mesa, Arizona
Alma mater Arizona State University
Brigham Young University
Religion The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)
Website Representative Matt Salmon

Matthew James "Matt" Salmon (born January 21, 1958) is the Republican representative for Arizona's 5th congressional district. The district is based in Mesa and includes most of the eastern suburbs of Phoenix. He previously represented the district, then numbered as the 1st District, from 1995 to 2001. In 2002, he lost to Janet Napolitano in a highly competitive governor's race. He regained his old congressional seat in the 2012 election.

Early life, education, and business career[edit]

Salmon was born in Salt Lake City, Utah. In 1991, he decided to run for elected office. He is a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He speaks fluent Mandarin Chinese.[1]

Arizona Senate (1991-1995)[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 1990, he ran for the Arizona Senate in the 21st Senate District based in Mesa, Arizona. In the Republican primary, he defeated incumbent State Senator Jerry Gillespie, who was controversial due to his support of impeached Governor Evan Mecham and his vote against making the Martin Luther King holiday.[2] In the general election, he defeated Democrat Bill Hegarty 60%-40%.[3] In 1992, he won re-election to a second term unopposed.[4]

Tenure[edit]

Previous Salmon Congressional Photograph

In 1992, he was elected to a new leadership position called assistant majority leader.[5] He served that position until 1995.

In 1993, he sponsored legislation that created new drug test programs for employers.[6] That year, he also called for an independent study of the Department of Economic Services' child welfare agency.[7]

Committee assignments[edit]

  • Senate Appropriations Committee[8]
  • Senate Indian Gambling Committee (Co-Chairman)[9]
  • Senate Rules Committee (Chairman)[10]

U.S. House of Representatives (1995-2001)[edit]

Elections[edit]

1994

Incumbent U.S. Congressman Sam Coppersmith, a Democrat, decided to retire after one term in what was then the 1st District in order to run for the U.S. Senate. Salmon won the Republican primary with a plurality of 39% in a five-candidate field.[11] During his first Congressional election campaign, term limits were a high-profile issue. Salmon was one of many candidates nationwide who pledged to serve only three terms in Congress. In the general election, he defeated Democratic State Senator Chuck Blanchard 56%-39%.[12]

1996

He won re-election to a second term with 60% of the vote.[13]

1998

He won re-election to a third term with 65% of the vote.[14]

2000

He honored his campaign pledge and did not seek re-election to a fourth term in 2000.

Tenure[edit]

He signed the Contract with America.[15]

In 1999, he unsuccessfully advocated carving Ronald Reagan's face into Mount Rushmore, claiming that the former President had won the cold war.[16] Salmon was instrumental in obtaining the January 29, 2000 release of U.S. based academic researcher Song Yongyi from detention in China on spying charges.[17]

Accomplishments

Committee assignments[edit]

Inter-congressional years (2001-2011)[edit]

2002 gubernatorial election[edit]

Incumbent Republican Arizona Governor Jane Dee Hull was ineligible for re-election in 2002. In the Republican primary, Salmon defeated Arizona Secretary of State Betsy Bayless and Arizona Treasurer Carol Springer 56%-30%-14%. He won every county in the state.[19] In the general election, he faced Democratic nominee and Arizona Attorney General Janet Napolitano, Libertarian nominee Barry Hess, and former Arizona Secretary of State Dick Mahoney (who ran as an independent, but was previously a Democrat). Napolitano defeated Salmon 46%-45%, a difference of just 11,819 votes.[20]

Political activism[edit]

After that race, he served as a lobbyist and chairman of the Arizona Republican Party. In 2007, he served as campaign manager to businessman Scott Smith's successful campaign for Mayor of Mesa.[21] In 2008, he became President of the Competitive Telecommunications Association, a Washington, D.C.-based trade association.[22]

U.S. House of Representatives (2013-present)[edit]

Salmon speaking on June 3, 2014

2012 election[edit]

In April 2011, Salmon announced he would seek his old congressional seat, which was now numbered as the 5th District. His conception of term limits had evolved: in 2011 he stated that they were a flawed concept unless they were applied across the board.[23] His successor in Congress, Jeff Flake, was giving up the seat to run for the United States Senate.[24] He was endorsed by the Club for Growth,[25] Governor Jan Brewer,[26] Senator John Thune,[27] Congressman David Schweikert,[28] Congressman Trent Franks,[29] and former Florida Governor Jeb Bush.[30][31] In the August 28 Republican primary, he defeated opponent Kirk Adams 52%-48%.[32][33] In the general election, Salmon defeated Democrat Spencer Morgan 65%-35%.[34] However, the 5th is a heavily Republican district, and Salmon had effectively assured his return to Congress with his primary victory.

Tenure[edit]

In March 2013, he endorsed the idea of bringing back the Hastert Rule, which is that in order to bring a bill to the floor it must have a majority of the majority party's support.[35] He also proposed an amendment to the United States Constitution limiting House members to three terms in office and Senators to two.[36]

Abortion

Salmon is pro-life and has opposed federal funding of abortions as well as family-planning assistance that includes abortions.[37][38]

Gay rights

Salmon voted to ban gay couples adopting children and opposes gay marriage.[37]

In April 2013, he announced that he would continue to oppose same-sex marriage even though his son is openly gay. His stances have been unmoved despite his acceptance of his son's homosexuality.[39] His son is a former leader of the Arizona Log Cabin Republicans.[40]

Civil Rights

Salmon is strictly opposed to the surveillance of personal emails and phone-calls currently allowed and has called for legislation to reduce it.[41] He introduced a bill that would better protect privacy rights by limiting the ability of the government to perform unwarranted searches.[42]

Environment

Salmon has been a moderate supporter of environmental protection. He voted to enforce environmental standards on new pipelines, prohibit the EPA from being barred from investigations, reduce nuclear waste, and provide larger forest conservation.[37][43]

Budget

Salmon is a strong fiscal conservative and has often caused rifts and defections in his own party to oppose increasing the deficit.[44] He has strictly opposed raising the debt limit and any new spending without matching cuts.[45] He believes government agencies and institutions should undergo reform, not expansion, to meet their needs.[46]

Taxes

Matt Salmon signed the Taxpayer Protection Pledge, stating he would never vote for legislation to increase taxes on Americans.[47] He opposes new government spending unless it has a plan to initiate some spending cut that will offset the loss.[45] He has voted to cut various taxes, such as the estate and marriage taxes.[48]

Following the recent IRS scandal and the wake of investigation, Salmon has called upon Attorney General Eric Holder to hold independent investigation on the IRS for its alleged targeting of its political opponents due allow for an unbiased non-government council to look into the matter.[41]

He is a cosponsor to a bill that would prevent politically-based bias causing any discrimination in tax treatment.[41]

Committee assignments[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.politico.com/story/2013/01/new-house-members-of-113th-congress-q-r-s-86146_Page2.html#MS
  2. ^ "Candidate - Jerry Gillespie". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  3. ^ "AZ State Senate 21 Race - Nov 06, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  4. ^ "AZ State Senate 21 Race - Nov 03, 1992". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  5. ^ Kingman Daily Miner - Google News Archive Search
  6. ^ "Workers win as two bills die in House". Arizona Daily Star. April 16, 1993. 
  7. ^ "2 legislators call for greater scrutiny of child welfare agency's operations". Arizona Daily Star. November 19, 1993. 
  8. ^ "Lawmakers from Pima stir anger; Push for tax equity irks Maricopa legislators". Arizona Daily Star. November 14, 1993. 
  9. ^ "Symington calls special session on Indian gaming to begin June 7". Arizona Daily Star. May 27, 1993. 
  10. ^ Kingman Daily Miner - Google News Archive Search
  11. ^ "AZ District 1 - R Primary Race - Sep 13, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  12. ^ "AZ District 1 Race - Nov 08, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  13. ^ "AZ District 1 Race - Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  14. ^ "AZ District 1 Race - Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  15. ^ Redirect
  16. ^ "Reagan for Rushmore". BBC News. March 1, 1999. 
  17. ^ Academic freed by China flies home January 29, 2000 BBC News World Service
  18. ^ "China reports some US congressmen apologize for bombing of embassy". Xinhua news. May 15, 1999. 
  19. ^ "AZ Governor - R Primary Race - Sep 10, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  20. ^ "AZ Governor Race - Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  21. ^ Nelson, Gary (June 1, 2006). "Ex-Builder Seeks Mesa Mayoral Seat". The Arizona Republic (Newsbank). Retrieved December 5, 2008. 
  22. ^ Timberlake Membership Software, 703-591-4232, www.timberlakepublishing.com (December 4, 2007). "Comptel". Comptel. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  23. ^ [1]
  24. ^ Walsh, Jim (April 19, 2011). "Matt Salmon seeks to replace Jeff Flake in U.S. House". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved April 20, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Matt Salmon (AZ-05)". Clubforgrowth.org. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  26. ^ Welch, Dennis (July 10, 2012). "Gov. Brewer makes first congressional endorsement, backs Salmon | azfamily.com Phoenix". Azfamily.com. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  27. ^ Catanese, David (August 2, 2011). "Thune endorses Matt Salmon - David Catanese". Politico.Com. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Schweikert endorses Salmon". Politico.Com. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  29. ^ Catanese, David (April 28, 2011). "Kyl for Adams, Franks for Salmon - David Catanese". Politico.Com. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Breaking: Governor Jeb Bush Endorses Matt Salmon". Salmonforcongress.com. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  31. ^ Nowicki, Dan (August 18, 2012). "Gingrich endorses Adams over his old House rival Salmon". Azcentral.com. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  32. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=724820
  33. ^ "Primary Election". September 18, 2012. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 
  34. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=706818
  35. ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com/blog/inside-politics/2013/mar/12/arizona-rep-matt-salmon-bring-back-hastert-rule/
  36. ^ http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hjres41?utm_campaign=govtrack_email_update&utm_source=govtrack/email_update&utm_medium=email
  37. ^ a b c "Matt Salmon (Republican, district 5)". On the Issues. 
  38. ^ "Representative Matthew 'Matt' Salmon's Voting Records: Abortion". Project Vote Smart. 
  39. ^ Wong, Curtis M. (April 9, 2013). "Matt Salmon's gay son talks Congressman father's same-sex marriage opposition, reparative therapy". HuffPost - Gay Voices (Huffington Post). Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  40. ^ Weiner, Rachel. "Rep. Matt Salmon: Gay son hasn’t changed my views on gay marriage". Washington Post. 
  41. ^ a b c "Rep. Salmon Calls for Special Counsel to Investigate IRS Targeting of Conservative Groups". Matt Salmon: 5th District of Arizona. May 15, 2013. 
  42. ^ "Salmon Introduces Bill to Protect Emails, Ensure Privacy from Government Entities". Matt Salmon: 5th District of Arizona. May 7, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Representative Matthew 'Matt' Salmon's Voting Records Environment". Project Vote Smart. 
  44. ^ Trujillo, Mario (Mar 18, 2013). "Rep. Matt Salmon swims against currents of the Republican establishment". The Hill. 
  45. ^ a b "Rep. Salmon’s Vote on Raising the Debt Ceiling". Matt Salmon: 5th District of Arizona. Jan 23, 2013. 
  46. ^ "REP. SALMON: "Medicaid needs reform, not expansion"". Matt Salmon: 5th District of Arizona. Jan 23, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Matt Salmon Signs Taxpayer Protection Pledge". Salmon For Congress. Jun 8, 2011. 
  48. ^ "Representative Matthew 'Matt' Salmon's Voting Records: Budget, Spending and Taxes". Project Vote Smart. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Sam Coppersmith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 1st congressional district

1995–2001
Succeeded by
Jeff Flake
Preceded by
David Schweikert
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 5th congressional district

2013–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Rick Nolan
D-Minnesota
United States Representatives by seniority
230th
Succeeded by
Mark Sanford
R-South Carolina