Matt Whitaker Ransom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Matt Whitaker Ransom
Matt Whitaker Ransom - Brady-Handy.jpg
Born (1826-10-08)October 8, 1826
Warren County, North Carolina
Died October 8, 1904(1904-10-08) (aged 78)
Garysburg, North Carolina
Place of burial near Weldon, North Carolina
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army Infantry
Years of service 1861 – 1865
Rank Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War
Other work U.S. Senator; North Carolina Attorney General

Matt Whitaker Ransom (October 8, 1826 – October 8, 1904) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a Democratic U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between 1872 and 1895.

Early life and antebellum career[edit]

Matt Ransom was born in Warren County, North Carolina to Robert and Priscilla Whitaker Ransom. He was the elder brother of General Robert Ransom and a cousin to fellow Confederate officer Wharton J. Green, who served as a U. S. Congressman after the Civil War. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1847. After serving as North Carolina Attorney General and as a member of the North Carolina General Assembly, he was chosen as one of the three commissioners from North Carolina to the Confederate government at Montgomery, Alabama in 1861.

Civil War[edit]

Ransom was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 1st North Carolina Infantry and later Colonel of the 35th North Carolina Infantry. This regiment was part of his brother Robert's brigade, which Matt later commanded. Ransom was promoted to Brigadier General June 13, 1863. Ransom saw action in the battles of Seven Pines, the Seven Days Battles, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Plymouth, Weldon, Suffolk and the siege of Petersburg. He was wounded three times during the Civil War and finally surrendered at Appomattox.

Political career[edit]

Matt Whitaker Ransom Marble Bust

After the war, Ransom moved to Weldon, North Carolina, in 1866 where he was a planter and lawyer. In 1872, he was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term commencing March 4, 1871. Ransom was re-elected in 1876, 1883, and 1889 and served from January 30, 1872, to March 4, 1895. Ransom served briefly as President Pro tempore of the Senate during the 53rd Congress. He was later appointed United States Minister to Mexico and served from 1895-1897.

Retirement and death[edit]

Following his term as ambassador, Ransom retired to his estate, "Verona" and engaged in agricultural pursuits. He died near Garysburg, North Carolina, on his 78th birthday, October 8, 1904. Ransom was buried on his estate, near Jackson, North Carolina.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Joseph C. Abbott
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from North Carolina
1872–1895
Served alongside: John Pool, Augustus S. Merrimon, Zebulon B. Vance, Thomas J. Jarvis, Jeter C. Pritchard
Succeeded by
Marion Butler
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Isham G. Harris
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
January 7, 1895 – January 10, 1895
Succeeded by
Isham G. Harris
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Isaac P. Gray
United States Ambassador to Mexico
1895–1897
Succeeded by
Powell Clayton