|Secretary of the Democratic Party|
15 December 2013
|Preceded by||Guglielmo Epifani|
|Mayor of Florence|
22 June 2009
|Preceded by||Leonardo Domenici|
|President of the Province of Florence|
14 June 2004 – 22 June 2009
|Preceded by||Michele Gesualdi|
|Succeeded by||Andrea Barducci|
11 January 1975 |
|Political party||Democratic Party
|Alma mater||University of Florence|
Matteo Renzi (Italian pronunciation: [matˈtɛo ˈrɛntsi]; born 11 January 1975) is an Italian politician who has been the Secretary of the Democratic Party since 2013 and the Mayor of Florence since 2009. He was previously President of the Province of Florence from 2004 to 2009.
Early life and career
Renzi was born in Florence in 1975, later graduating in law from the University of Florence. He joined the Italian People's Party in 1996, and became its Provincial Secretary in 1999. He was later elected as the President of the Province of Florence in 2004, winning 58.8% of the vote in the elections of 12 June 2004, as the candidate of centre-left coalition Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy.
After five years as the President of the Province Florence, Renzi announced that he would attempt to become the Mayor of Florence. On 9 June 2009, Renzi, by now a member of the Democratic Party, won the mayoral election with 47.6% of the vote, compared to 32% for Giovanni Galli.
A year after being sworn in as Mayor, and with his popularity in national opinion polls increasing, he organised a huge public meeting in Florence at Leopolda Station to discuss Italian politics, after stating that a complete change was also necessary in his party. Following this event, the Italian media gave him the nickname "scrapper" (rottamatore). In 2011, he organised a second such meeting in Florence, where he wrote down one hundred points to discuss. At the same time as this, he was strongly criticised by certain members of his own party after his suggestion that Italian politicians who were of the generation of then-Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi should retire.
In September 2012, he announced that he would seek to become the Secretary of the Democratic Party, with a view to leading the centre-left coalition in the 2013 general election. He lost the December election, finishing second with 39.1% of the vote, compared to 60.9% for the winner Pier Luigi Bersani.
Following the resignation of Pier Luigi Bersani in April 2013, Renzi stood again for the position of Secretary of the Democratic Party, this time proving successful. In the December primary election, Renzi was elected with 67.6% of the vote, compared to the 18.2% of Gianni Cuperlo and 14.2% of Giuseppe Civati. He therefore became the new Secretary of the Democratic Party.
Renzi is married to a teacher, with whom he has three children: two sons (Francesco and Emanuele) and a daughter (Ester).
- "Elezioni Comunali Turno di ballottaggio 21–22 giugno 2009". Comune di Firenze. 2009. Retrieved 2011.
- Roe, Alex. "Matteo Renzi takes Florence". Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- "Center-Left Candidate Matteo Renzi holds 47.6% of the Vote to Giovanni Galli's 32% two weeks before ballotaggio". The Florence Newspaper. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- Aresu, Alessandro; Andrea Garnero (December 2012). "Why Italy matters?". Los Pazio della Politica. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
|President of the Province of Florence
|Mayor of Florence
|Party political offices|
|Secretary of the Democratic Party