|56th Prime Minister of Italy|
22 February 2014
|Preceded by||Enrico Letta|
|Secretary of the Democratic Party|
15 December 2013
|Preceded by||Guglielmo Epifani|
|Mayor of Florence|
22 June 2009
|Preceded by||Leonardo Domenici|
|President of Florence Province|
14 June 2004 – 22 June 2009
|Preceded by||Michele Gesualdi|
|Succeeded by||Andrea Barducci|
11 January 1975 |
|Political party||Democratic Party (2007–present)
The Daisy (2002–2007)
People's Party (1996–2002)
|Alma mater||University of Florence|
Matteo Renzi (Italian pronunciation: [matˈtɛo ˈrɛntsi]; born 11 January 1975) is an Italian politician who has been the Prime Minister of Italy since 22 February 2014 and the Secretary of the Democratic Party since 2013. He was Mayor of Florence since 2009 to 2014 and the President of Florence Province from 2004 to 2009. On 17 February 2014 he was asked by President Giorgio Napolitano to form a new government, which he presented on 21 February. He is the youngest person ever to be Prime Minister of Italy since unification in 1861.
Early life and career
Renzi was born in Florence, Italy, in 1975, later graduating in law from the University of Florence. He joined the Italian People's Party in 1996, and became its Provincial Secretary in 1999. He was later elected as the President of the Province of Florence in 2004, winning 59% of the vote in the elections of 12 June 2004, as the candidate of the centre-left coalition.
After five years as the President of the Province Florence, Matteo Renzi announced that he would attempt to become the Mayor of Florence. On 9 June 2009, Renzi, by now a member of the Democratic Party, won the mayoral election with 48% of the vote, compared to 32% for Giovanni Galli.
One year after being sworn in as Mayor, and with his popularity in national opinion polls increasing, Renzi organised a public meeting in Florence at Leopolda Station to discuss Italian politics, after stating that a complete change was also necessary in his party. Following this event, the Italian media gave him the nickname "il Rottamatore", or "The Scrapper". In 2011, he organized a second such meeting in Florence, where he wrote down one hundred points to discuss. At the same time as this, he was strongly criticized by certain members of his own party after his suggestion that Italian politicians who were of the same generation as Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi should retire.
In September 2012, Renzi announced that he would seek to lead the centre-left coalition in the 2013 general election. He lost the December election, finishing second with 39% of the vote, compared to 61% for the winner Pier Luigi Bersani.
Following the resignation of Pier Luigi Bersani in April 2013, Matteo Renzi stood for the position of Secretary of the Democratic Party, proving successful. In the December primary election, Renzi was elected with 68% of the popular vote, compared to the 18% of Gianni Cuperlo and 14% of Giuseppe Civati. He therefore became the new Secretary of the Democratic Party and the centre-left's prospective candidate for Prime Minister of Italy.
Throughout January and February 2014, there were many reports of persistent leadership tensions between Renzi and Prime Minister Enrico Letta. On 12 February, Letta called on Renzi to make his position clear, and Renzi subsequently called a meeting of the Democratic Party leadership. Just before the meeting took place, Renzi publicly called on Letta to resign and allow him to form a new government. Letta initially resisted this call, but following a vote in the meeting on Renzi's proposal, Letta announced that he would tender his resignation as Prime Minister to President Giorgio Napolitano on 14 February.
Following the resignation of Enrico Letta, Renzi formally received the task of forming a new government from President Giorgio Napolitano on February 17, 2014. After several days of talks with party leaders, Renzi unveiled his Cabinet on 21 February, which contained members of his Democratic Party, the New Centre-Right, the Union of the Centre and Civic Choice. The following day he was sworn in as Prime Minister, becoming the youngest Prime Minister in the history of Italy. His rise to become Prime Minister was widely seen as a sign of much-needed generational change, and at the time he took office he enjoyed by far the highest approval rating of any politician in the country.
Matteo Renzi is married to a teacher, Agnese Landini, with whom he has two sons, Francesco and Emanuele, and a daughter, Ester.
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- "Elezioni Comunali Turno di ballottaggio 21–22 giugno 2009" (in Italian). Comune di Firenze. 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Roe, Alex. "Matteo Renzi takes Florence". Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- At the age of 39 years and one month, he took this record from Benito Mussolini who had entered in office at the age of 39 years and three months.
- "Center-Left Candidate Matteo Renzi holds 47.6% of the Vote to Giovanni Galli's 32% two weeks before ballotaggio". The Florence Newspaper. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- Aresu, Alessandro; Andrea Garnero (December 2012). "Why Italy matters?". Los Pazio della Politica. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- Willey, David (13 February 2014). "Italy PM Letta's rival Renzi calls for new government". BBC News. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Willey, David (14 February 2014). "Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta resigns". BBC. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "39 Year Old Matteo Renzi becomes, at 39, Youngest Italian Prime Minister". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
- "Matteo Renzi sworn in as Italy's new PM in Rome ceremony". BBC. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Sondaggi, Matteo Renzi non-fa boom" (in Italian). Giornalettismo.com. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Thubron, Dario (21 February 2014). "Matteo Renzi: from Florence mayor to Italy PM". AFP. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
|Find more about Matteo Renzi at Wikipedia's sister projects|
|Media from Commons|
|Database entry Q47563 on Wikidata|
- Official website of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (Italian)
- Renzi's personal website (Italian)
- Renzi on his party's website (Italian)