Matthew 5:47 is the forty-seventh verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount. This is the third verse of the final antithesis, that on the commandment: "Love thy neighbour as thyself". Jesus here gives another example of why one must love one's enemies.
- And if ye salute your brethren
- only, what do ye more than others?
- do not even the publicans so?
The World English Bible translates the passage as:
- If you only greet your friends,
- what more do you do than others? Don’t
- even the tax collectors do the same?
For a collection of other versions see BibRef Matthew 5:47
This verse has the same basic structure and argument as the previous one. Here Jesus is stating that even the wicked greet their friends, so if you only greet your friends you are no better than they are in this regard.
The Greek text uses the word brothers but this is more accurately interpreted as a reference to friends or to members of the same religious community. There are two different versions of this verse. The one both the WEB and KJV use has the word for tax collector, the same as the previous verse. Other ancient manuscripts have the word for gentile or heathen in this verse. Many scholars believe this second version is correct, and the double reference to tax collectors was a copying error that occurred at some point.
The act of greeting or saluting was an important one in Jewish culture of this period. It is far more than a simple greeting, and would generally involve an embrace and an exchange of pleasantries. The individual with greater prestige was expected to initiate the exchange. A greeting implied more than simple acknowledgement, also expressing goodwill and warmth.
- Barclay, William. The Gospel of Matthew: Volume 1 Chapters 1-10. Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press, 1975.
- Luz, Ulrich. Matthew 1-7: A Commentary. trans. Wilhlem C. Linss. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortess, 1989.
- Fowler, Harold. The Gospel of Matthew: Volume One. Joplin: College Press, 1968
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