Matthew Black FBA FRSE (3 September 1908, Kilmarnock - 2 October 1994, St Andrews) was a Scottish minister and biblical scholar. He was the first editor of the journal, New Testament Studies.
After earning an M.A. and B.D. in Old Testament at the University of Glasgow, Black then studied at the University of Bonn and returned to the University of Glasgow for his D.Litt. Together with Kurt Aland, Carlo Maria Martini, Bruce M. Metzger and Allen Wikgren, Black served on the editorial committee that established the Greek text and critical apparatuses in the standard hand editions of the Greek New Testament: the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece (26th edition, published by the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft first in 1979 and revised in 1983) and the United Bible Societies' The Greek New Testament (3rd edition, published by the United Bible Societies in 1983).
He is also noted, in his An Aramaic Approach to the Gospels and Acts, for being one of the few mainstream scholars to advocate an Aramaic ur-text behind the Gospels.
Baylor University Collection
Baylor University in Waco, Texas holds Mathew Black's personal library. Baylor purchased the collection from Reverend Black in the late 1980s under the agreement the books would be delivered upon Black's death. While the collection was not kept physically together, there is a note on each bibliographic record listing important information. The Scholar's Collection (housed in Baylor's main library, Moody) contains Professor Black's papers.
- Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002: Biographical Index I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- journals.cambridge.org/article_S0028688500021214 Matthew Black 3.9.1908–2.10.1994
- Garland, David E. (2007). "Black, Matthew". In McKim, Donald K. Dictionary of major biblical interpreters (2nd ed.). Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8308-2927-9.
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