29 September 1942 |
|Institutions||University of Edinburgh|
|Alma mater||Christ's College, University of Cambridge.|
|Known for||Discovering embryonic stem cells, and author of the Atlas of Mouse Development.|
Matthew H. Kaufman is Professor Emeritus at University of Edinburgh having been Professor of Anatomy there from 1985–2007. He has taught anatomy and embryology for more than 30 years, initially at the University of Cambridge, when he was a Fellow of King’s College, and more recently (from 1985–97) in Edinburgh.
In 1981 Kaufman and Martin Evans at the University of Cambridge in England and Gail R. Martin in America were the first to derive embryonic stem cells (ES cells) from mouse embryos. He has published four books on mouse embryology and three books on historical aspects of military surgery. He has also published a book on Medical Teaching in Edinburgh during the 18th and 19th centuries, a book on the History of the Edinburgh Phrenological Society and biographies of Dr. John Barclay and Mr. Robert Liston. He has also published about 240 papers on a wide range of embryological and medical historical topics. He was awarded the F.R.S. Edin. in 2008.
He is an authority on mouse development.
He is also Honorary Librarian at the Royal Medical Society in Edinburgh, having been Senior President from 1966-67.
- Kaufman, M.H. (1983). Early Mammalian Development: Parthenogenetic Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [276 pp.] ISBN 0-521-25449-3.
- Kaufman, M.H. (1992). The Atlas of Mouse Development. London: Academic Press. [512 pp.] ISBN 0-12-402035-6.
- Kaufman, M.H. (1994). The Atlas of Mouse Development. Second Printing, with Index. London: Academic Press. [525pp.] ISBN 0-12-402035-6 (numerous subsequent editions).
- Kaufman, M.H. & Bard, J.B.L. (1999). The Anatomical Basis of Mouse Development. San Diego: Academic Press. [291 pp.] ISBN 0-12-402060-7.
- Kaufman, M.H. (2001). Surgeons at War: Medical Arrangements for the Treatment of the Sick and Wounded in the British Army during the late 18th and 19th Centuries. Westport C.T.: Greenwood Publishing Group Inc. [227 pp.] ISBN 0-313-31665-1.
- Kaufman, M.H. (2003). The Regius Chair of Military Surgery in the University of Edinburgh – 1806-55. Amsterdam & New York: Wellcome Trust. Rodopi B.V. [361 pp.] ISBN 90-420-1238-2
- Kaufman, M., Nikitin, A.Y. & Sundberg, J.P. (2009). Histologic Basis of Mouse Endocrine System Development: A Comparative Analysis. Boca Raton, London, New York: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group [232 pp.] ISBN 978-1-4200-8818-2
Privately published books 
All of these books are available from the Shop of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, or from the author:
- Kaufman, M.H. (2003). Musket-ball and Sabre Injuries from the First Half of the Nineteenth Century. Edinburgh: Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh [255 pp.] ISBN 0-9503620-7-7 [Only available from Shop of Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh]
- Kaufman, M.H. (2003). Medical Teaching in Edinburgh during the 18th and 19th centuries. Edinburgh: Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh [208 pp.] ISBN 0-9503620-8-5
- Kaufman, M.H. (2005). Edinburgh Phrenological Society: A History. Edinburgh: William Ramsay Henderson Trust. [236 pp.] ISBN 0-9550906-0-1
- Kaufman, M.H. (2007). Dr John Barclay (1758–1826): Extramural teacher of Human and Comparative Anatomy in Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. [175 pp.] ISBN 978-0-9546213-4-6
- Kaufman, M.H. (2009). Robert Liston Surgery’s Hero. Edinburgh: Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. [234 pp.] ISBN 978-0-9546213-7-7
- Evans M, Kaufman M (1981). "Establishment in culture of pluripotential cells from mouse embryos.". Nature 292 (5819): 154–6. doi:10.1038/292154a0. PMID 7242681.
- Martin G (1981). "Isolation of a pluripotent cell line from early mouse embryos cultured in medium conditioned by teratocarcinoma stem cells.". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 78 (12): 7634–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.78.12.7634. PMC 349323. PMID 6950406.
- "Professor Matt Kaufman - Organ System Development in the Mouse". Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on 23 September 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2007.