Matthew Mullineux

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Matthew Mullineux
Mullineux and Shackleton.jpeg
Mullineux (far left), with Ernest Shackleton, (3rd from left) in 1916
Full name Matthew Mullineux
Date of birth (1867-08-08)8 August 1867
Place of birth Barton-upon-Irwell, Eccles, England
Date of death 13 February 1945(1945-02-13) (aged 77)
Place of death Kensington, England
University Cambridge University
Occupation(s) Military Chaplain
Rugby union career
Playing career
Position Scrum-half
Amateur clubs
Years Club / team
Cambridge University R.U.F.C.
Blackheath F.C.
National team(s)
Years Club / team Caps (points)
1896-1899 United Kingdom British Isles 2 (0)

Matthew Mullineux MC (8 August 1867 – 13 February 1945)[1] was an English rugby union scrum-half who, although not capped for England, was selected for two British Lions tours. He gained one cap during the 1896 tour to South Africa and captained the 1899 tour of Australia. An Anglican minister, he later became a chaplain in the British Army, and was awarded the Military Cross for his actions during the First World War.

Early life[edit]

Mullineux was born in Barton-upon-Irwell, Eccles, Lancashire, though some sources record his birthplace as nearby Worsley, to Matthew Mullineux, an insurance-inspector, and his wife Elizabeth Derbyshire. He was educated at Manchester Grammar School and then Matriculated to St John's College, Cambridge.[2] He received his BA in 1896, and the next year was ordained as a Deacon at Southwark Cathedral. The next year he was ordained as a priest and took his orders at the Church of Mottingham, also becoming the Assistant Master at the nearby Royal Naval School in Eltham. On 9 May 1899 he left England for Australia as part of the British Isles rugby tour and left both his posts.

Rugby career[edit]

Mullineux first came to note as a rugby player when he represented Cambridge University as a student, playing at scrum-half,[3] before turning out for Blackheath. In 1896 he was selected to play in Johnny Hammond's British Isles team to tour South Africa; although Mullineux only played in one of the test matches, the opening win over South Africa at Port Elizabeth.[4] He played in twelve games in total on the tour scoring four tries, including two against Queenstown, and a dropped goal in the win over Grahamstown.[5]

In 1899, the first official British team to tour Australia was selected, and Mullineux was not only chosen to captain the team, but also to manage it. Mullineux again represented the British team in the opening game, but the tourists lacked cohesion and lost to the Australians 3–13. The British Isles had under-performed in the few invitational games leading up to the first test, and after the defeat to the Wallabies, Mullineux dropped himself from the team for the remaining tests, and brought in Charlie Adamson as his replacement. The captaincy was given to Frank Stout, and the tourists play began to improve. After Mullineux's decision the British Isles played far better rugby[6] and won the last three tests to take the series 3–1. Although no longer a part of the test team, Mullineux continued to represent the British team against the invitational and regional teams. He played in ten games on the tour, his only points came from a try in the loss against Queensland.

A reflection of Mullineux's character was seen during the 1899 tour, when after the third test in Sydney he undiplomatically embarrassed the Australian hosts at the after-match dinner. After JJ Calvert, the president of the New South Wales RFU, had made a light-hearted excuse for the Australian team's poor performance, Mullineux responded by lecturing the Australian's on their style of play, and offered suggestions as to how they could refine their play.[7]

Despite only playing in the first test, Mullineux was honoured when bush poet, Banjo Paterson wrote a poem about his playing prowess, entitled The Reverend Mullineux.[8]

Military career[edit]

Mullineux followed a career in the Anglican church from an early age, and was the Reverend Mullineux during the British Isles tours; even preaching at local churches after the matches.[9] After the British Isles tour, he served in the British Army as an acting Chaplain to the Forces during the Second Boer War. In 1902 he became a Royal Navy chaplain and served on several ships; the HMS Amphion (1902–04), HMS Terrible (1904), HMS Albion (1904–06), HMS Barfleur (1905–06) and HMS Hogue (1906–07).[2] In 1907 he became the Assistant Chaplain at Montreux.

Before the outbreak of First World War, Mullineux was chaplain to the Flying Angel Mission in America, but travelled by mail boat to New Zealand in order to proceed on active duty. While in New Zealand he studied medicine, before leaving for Britain as a Chaplain to the Forces. In May 1918, while posted at a regimental aid post in France, Mullineux took command of the post after the serving medical officer was incapacitated by his wounds. The station came under high-explosive and gas-shelling for 12 hours, during which time Mullineux tended to the wounded and supervised evacuation of the site. For his actions during this time, he was awarded the Military Cross.[10][11]

Later life[edit]

After the war, Mullineux continued his connections with the armed forces and Australasia, when he toured churches and Red Cross Societies throughout Australia, giving public lectures on the war cemeteries of Europe.[12] In 1919 Mullineux set up the St. Barnabas Society, a charity which helped finance those too poor to visit the graves of family members who had died in the First World War.[13] The society also placed wreaths at graves on behalf of relatives, and soon became the most important organisation providing subsidised war grave pilgrimages from Britain.[14] After his military service came to an end, Mullineux became the vicar of Marham in Norfolk, a post he held from 1935 until his death in 1945.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matthew Mullineux player profile Scrum.com
  2. ^ a b "Mullineux, Matthew (MLNS893M)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ Parry-Jones (1999), pg 34.
  4. ^ Griffiths (1987), 9:3.
  5. ^ Matthew Mullinoux player profile Lionsrugby.com
  6. ^ 1899 Australia Lionsrugby.com
  7. ^ Parry-Jones (1999), pg 65.
  8. ^ The Reverend Mullineux Wikisource
  9. ^ The Brisbane Courier, 10 July 1899 NLA Australian Newspapers
  10. ^ Auckland Weekly News rootsweb.ancestry.com
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30901. p. 11055. 13 September 1918. Retrieved 30 May 2009.
  12. ^ Scates, Bruce Return to Gallipoli: Walking the Battlefields of the Great War; University of New South Wales Press. Pg 17. ISBN 978-0-521-68151-3
  13. ^ Remembrance Aftermathww1.com
  14. ^ Mosse, George L.; Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the memories of the World Wars, Oxford University Press, (1994), pg 152. ISBN 978-0-19-507139-9

Bibliography[edit]

  • Griffiths, John (1987). The Phoenix Book of International Rugby Records. London: Phoenix House. ISBN 0-460-07003-7. 
  • Parry-Jones, David (1999). Prince Gwyn, Gwyn Nicholls and the First Golden Era of Welsh Rugby. Bridgend: seren. ISBN 1-85411-262-7.