Matthias Bernegger (Latin: Bernegerus, also Matthew; born 8 February 1582 in Hallstatt, Salzkammergut, died 5 February 1640 in Strassburg) was a German philologist, astronomer, university professor and writer of Latin works.
Bernegger's Protestant family was, like other so called exulanten, expelled from Habsburg Austria during the counter reformation. They settled in Regensburg, where Bernegger visited the Gymnasium. In 1599, the 17-year-old began studies in Strassburg, mainly in the fields of philology and natural sciences. He was fascinated by astronomy and was in contact with Johannes Kepler and Wilhelm Schickard.
In 1632, via their mutual friend Elia Diodati, Galilei asked Bernegger to translate his Italian language Dialogo (Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems) into Latin. In order to protect Galilei's involvement, it was stated in the preface that one of Peter Crüger's pupils, Benjamin Engelcke, had traveled in 1632 to Italy, had met Galilei, and had brought Galilei's book to Bernegger to persuade him to translate, without Galilei's permission.
Bernegger was known for his editions of classic writers like Tacitus and for his correspondence with scholars. Among his students were the Silesian Daniel Czepko von Reigersfeld (1605–1660), Johannes Freinsheim, Johann Michael Moscherosch, Martin Opitz and the Prussian Robert Roberthin (1600–1648).
Since 1607, Bernegger taught, like his colleague Caspar Brülow (1585–1627), at the Protestant Gymnasium, before he was called in 1616 to the Straßburg Academy which was raised in 1621 to a University.
- see list
- Manuale Mathematicum … Allen Bau- vnd Kriegsverständigen … vnd andern Kunstliebenden in Teutscher Sprach. Straßburg 1612
- Tuba Pacis, occenta Scioppiano Belli Sacri Classico. Straßburg 1621 (against Caspar Schoppe)
- Systema cosmicum, Authore Galilaeo Galilei. Straßburg 1635 (Latin translation of Galilei's Italian language Dialogo (Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems))
- Hugonis Grotii & Matthiae Berneggeri Epistolae. Straßburg 1667
- Epistolae J. Keppleri & M. Berneggeri. Straßburg 1672
- Epistolae W. Schickarti & M. Berneggeri. Straßburg 1673
- Jerzy Dobrzycki: The reception of Copernicus' heliocentric theory, International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science. Nicolas Copernicus Committee 
- Siegfried Wollgast: Philosophie in Deutschland zwischen Reformation und Aufklärung, 1550-1650, 
- Tractatus de proportionum instrumento: quod merito compendium vniuersæ geometriæ dixeris 
- edition at books.google.com
- Maurice A. Finocchiaro: Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992, University of California Press, 2007 ISBN 0-520-25387-6, ISBN 978-0-520-25387-2 
- Journal for the history of astronomy, 2005
- Carl Bünger: Matthias Bernegger. Ein Bild aus dem geistigen Leben Straßburgs zur Zeit des 30jährigen Krieges. Straßburg 1893
- Waltraud Foitzik: <Tuba pacis>. Matthias Bernegger und der Friedensgedanke des 17. Jahrhunderts. Diss. Münster 1955
- Gerhard Meyer: Die Entwicklung der Straßburger Universität. Heidelberg 1926
- Franz Xaver von Wegele (1875), "Bernegger, Mathias", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German) 2, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 412–413
- Christian Hallier (1955), "Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) 2, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 106–107",
- Gerhard Dünnhaupt: Matthias Bernegger (1582–1640), in: Personalbibliographien zu den Drucken des Barock, Bd. 1. Stuttgart: Hiersemann 1990, S. 490-533. ISBN 3-7772-9013-0