Matti Pitkänen (born 20 December 1951 in Ikaalinen) is a former Finnish cross-country skier who competed in the late 1970s and early 1980s. He won two medals in the 4 x 10 km at the Winter Olympics with a gold in 1976 and a bronze in 1980. He also finished 6th in the 30 km at the 1980 Winter Olympics.
Pitkänen also won a silver medal in the 4 x 10 km at the 1978 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Lahti. He also finished 4th in the 15 km, 30 km, and 50 km events at those same games.
Pitkänen won the 50 km event at the Holmenkollen ski festival in 1978.