The history of the Mattoni brand began in 1864 when Heinrich Mattoni (1830-1910) took over the mineral water production at the small spa town of Kyselka near Karlovy Vary in West Bohemia. Mattoni expanded the operations by building a modern bottling plant and establishing a distribution infrastructure to supply its product to spa guests in Kyselka and throughout Bohemia. In the 1880s, the Mattoni brand ranked among the best known in Europe. In 1910, the year of Mattoni's death, 10 million bottles were exported to other countries.
At present, the Mattoni brand is owned by Carlsbad Mineral Water (Czech: Karlovarské Minerální Vody), the largest producer of mineral and spring water in the Czech Republic. The Mattoni water comes in natural (sparkling, non-sparkling and gently sparking) and flavored varieties.