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This article is about the genus. For the town, see: Matucana, Peru
Matucana paucicostata 02.jpg
Matucana paucicostata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Trichocereeae
Genus: Matucana
Britton & Rose

See text.

Matucana is a genus of cacti (family Cactaceae), containing approximately 20 species of mostly globular plants. The genus is only known from Peru, mostly along the Marañón River.

The first species was discovered near the town of Matucana and described as Echinocactus haynii by Otto in 1849. Matucana was erected by Britton & Rose in 1922. The genus Eomatucana F.Ritter has been brought into synonymy with this genus.

Some species are endangered due to collection for the specialist market.


Low, globose or shortly cylindrical bodies, either solitary or clustering. The flowers are subapical, usually more or less zygomorphic, diurnal, in various colours, but mainly red, yellow or pink. However, a few species, notably M. oreodoxa and M. madisoniorum have actinomorphic flowers and were placed in a separate genus - Eomatucana - by F. Ritter.


Matucana polzii
Matucana madisoniorum


  • Bregman, Rob: The Genus Matucana. Biology and systematics of fascinating Peruvian cacti. A.A.Balkema 1996.
  • Biolib
  • Ritter, Friedrich: Kakteen in Südamerika, Band 4, s. 1486-87. Friedrich Ritter Selbstverlag 1981.