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- This article is about the genus. For the town, see: Matucana, Peru
Britton & Rose
The first species was discovered near the town of Matucana and described as Echinocactus haynii by Otto in 1849. Matucana was erected by Britton & Rose in 1922. The genus Eomatucana F.Ritter has been brought into synonymy with this genus.
Some species are endangered due to collection for the specialist market.
Low, globose or shortly cylindrical bodies, either solitary or clustering. The flowers are subapical, usually more or less zygomorphic, diurnal, in various colours, but mainly red, yellow or pink. However, a few species, notably M. oreodoxa and M. madisoniorum have actinomorphic flowers and were placed in a separate genus - Eomatucana - by F. Ritter.
- Matucana aurantiaca
- Matucana aurantiaca subsp. aurantiaca
- Matucana aurantiaca subsp. currundayensis
- Matucana aurantiaca subsp. hastifera
- Matucana aureiflora
- Matucana comacephala
- Matucana formosa
- Matucana fruticosa
- Matucana haynei
- Matucana haynei subsp. haynei
- Matucana haynei subsp. herzogiana
- Matucana haynei subsp. hystrix
- Matucana haynei subsp. myriacantha
- Matucana huagalensis
- Matucana intertexta
- Matucana krahnii
- Matucana madisoniorum
- Matucana oreodoxa
- Matucana paucicostata
- Matucana polzii
- Matucana pujupatii
- Matucana ritteri
- Matucana tuberculata
- Matucana weberbaueri
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- Bregman, Rob: The Genus Matucana. Biology and systematics of fascinating Peruvian cacti. A.A.Balkema 1996.
- Ritter, Friedrich: Kakteen in Südamerika, Band 4, s. 1486-87. Friedrich Ritter Selbstverlag 1981.