Maubeuge

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Maubeuge
Porte de Mons
Porte de Mons
Coat of arms of Maubeuge
Coat of arms
Maubeuge is located in France
Maubeuge
Maubeuge
Coordinates: 50°16′39″N 3°58′24″E / 50.2775°N 03.9734°E / 50.2775; 03.9734Coordinates: 50°16′39″N 3°58′24″E / 50.2775°N 03.9734°E / 50.2775; 03.9734
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Nord
Arrondissement Avesnes-sur-Helpe
Canton Maubeuge-Nord and Maubeuge-Sud
Intercommunality Maubeuge Val de Sambre
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Rémi Pauvros
Area
 • Land1 18.85 km2 (7.28 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Population2 33,546
 • Population2 density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 59392 / 59600

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Maubeuge is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

It is situated on both banks of the Sambre (here canalized), 36 km (22 mi) east of Valenciennes and about 9 km (5.6 mi) from the Belgian border.

History[edit]

Maubeuge (ancient Malbodium, from Latin, derived from the Old Frankish name Malboden, meaning "assizes of Boden") owes its origin to Maubeuge Abbey, a double monastery, for men and women, founded in the 7th century by Saint Aldego, the relics of whom are preserved in the church. It subsequently belonged to the territory of Hainaut. It was burnt by Louis XI of France, by Francis I of France, and by Henry II of France, and was finally assigned to France by the Treaty of Nijmegen.

It was fortified by Vauban by the command of Louis XIV of France, who under Turenne first saw military service there.

Besieged in 1793 by Prince Josias of Coburg, it was relieved by the victory of Wattignies, which is commemorated by a monument in the town. It was unsuccessfully besieged in 1814, but was compelled to capitulate, after a vigorous resistance, in the Hundred Days.

As a fortress Maubeuge has an old enceinte of bastion trace which serves as the center of an important entrenched camp of 18 miles perimeter, constructed for the most part after the War of 1870, but since modernized and augmented.

The forts were besieged in World War I by the German Empire. Maubeuge suffered heavily in World War II: 90% of the town centre was destroyed by bombardments in May 1940. Fighting again occurred in 1944, in and around the outskirts of Maubeuge, involving units of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division during the American push toward Belgium.[1][2]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Maubeuge

The arms of Maubeuge are blazoned :
Or, 4 lions, 2 in bend sable armed and langued gules, 2 in bend sinister gules armed and langued azure, in chief an eagle sable beaked langued membered and armed gules, overall a crozier Or bendwise.




Economy[edit]

There are important foundries, forges and blast furnaces, together with manufactures of machine tools and porcelain.

The town has a board of trade arbitration, a communal college, a commercial and industrial school.

Tour de France[edit]

Maurice Garin, the winner of the inaugural 1903 Tour de France, began his cycling career in 1892 with the local Maubeuge cycling club, when he finished 5th in the Maubeuge-Hirson-Maubeuge, 200 kilometres (124 mi)race.[3] In 2003, on the 100th anniversary of his win, he was commemorated with a street named after him.

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

External links[edit]