Maud Green, Lady Parr
|Spouse(s)||Sir Thomas Parr|
IssueCatherine Parr, Queen of England and Ireland
William Parr, 1st Marquess of Northampton
Anne Parr, Countess of Pembroke
|Father||Sir Thomas Green|
|Born||6 April 1492
|Died||1 December 1531 (aged 39)|
|Buried||Blackfriars Church, London, England|
Maud Green (6 April 1492 – 1 December 1531) is best known as the mother of Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of King Henry VIII of England. She was a close friend and lady-in-waiting to Catherine of Aragon. She was also co-heiress to her father, Sir Thomas Green of Green's Norton in Northamptonshire along with her sister, Anne, Lady Vaux.
Maud was born on 6 April 1492 in Northamptonshire, the daughter of Sir Thomas Green, of Boughton and Green's Norton, and Joan Fogge. Her maternal grandparents were Sir John Fogge and Alice Haute (or Hawte), a first cousin of queen consort Elizabeth Woodville. When Elizabeth became queen, she brought her favorite female relatives to court. Lady Alice Fogge was one of five ladies-in-waiting to the queen during the 1460s.
Her mother died when she was an infant. She became a lady-in-waiting to Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of King Henry VIII sometime after 11 June 1509. She was in constant attendance upon the Queen and was allocated her own rooms at Court on a permanent basis. It is thought that Maud may have named her daughter Catherine after Catherine of Aragon, who was also made godmother to the child.
Maud was a very intelligent and well-educated woman; she was also fluent in French. Queen Catherine held her in such high regard that Maud was entrusted with the organization and control of the Royal Court School which was established for the education of the King's family and the daughters of the Queen's closest friends. Lady Parr had already taught her children to read and write when they were small children, but it was at this Royal Court school that Catherine and her sister Anne would have been taught French, Latin, philosophy, theology, and the Classics.
Maud had married Sir Thomas Parr, the eldest son of Sir William Parr and Elizabeth FitzHugh, in 1508 when she was about 16 years old. He was the Sheriff of Northamptonshire, master of the wards and comptroller to the King. Maud and Thomas had three surviving children. Although Thomas Parr inherited properties in the north including Kendal Castle in Westmorland, the Parr's resided at Parr House which was located on The Strand in London. By the time Sir Thomas had inherited the castle, it was in need of repair and eventually became derelict. Parr and his wife were courtiers and stayed close to court. Thomas Parr died of the sweating sickness on 11 November 1517, leaving Maud a widow at the age of 25. She chose not to remarry for fear of jeopardizing the huge inheritance she held in trust for her children. She carefully supervised the education of her children and studiously arranged their marriages.
Before the birth of Catherine, Maud gave birth to a son shortly after her marriage to Sir Thomas. The happiness was short lived as the baby quickly died and his name was never known. After the birth of their third child, Anne, Maud again became pregnant c. 1517, the same year of Thomas' death. The baby was either lost through a miscarriage, stillbirth, or death in early infancy. Whatever the cause, it must have been somewhat of a relief as the baby came at a most difficult time.
Surviving children of Sir Thomas and Lady Parr:
- Catherine Parr (c. 1512 – 5 September 1548) who married four times:
- Sir Edward Burgh, 1529 at Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England.
- John Neville, 3rd Baron Latimer, summer 1534 in London, Middlesex, England.
- King Henry VIII, 12 July 1543 at Hampton Court Palace in the Queen's Privy closet.
- Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, late Spring 1547 and had issue: Lady Mary.
- William Parr, 1st Marquess of Northampton, 1st Earl of Essex (1513 – 28 October 1571), married three times, but produced no issue:
- Anne Parr, Countess of Pembroke (15 June 1515 – 20 February 1552), married in 1538, William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, by whom she had two sons and a daughter.
|Ancestors of Maud Green, Lady Parr|
- Mike Ashley "British Kings and Queens", New York; Carroll and Graf Publishing Inc., 1998.
- Anthony Martienssen "Queen Katherine Parr", McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1973. pg 7, 17, 18, 29-39.
- James, Susan. "Catherine Parr: Henry VIII's Last Love". 2009. Pg 14.
- Anthony Martienssen "Queen Katherine Parr", page 17
- Old Eliot: a monthly magazine of the history and biography of the upper parish of Kittery, now Eliot, Volumes 1-3.
- Barbara J. Harris. English Aristocratic Women, 1450-1550 : Marriage and Family, Property and Careers: Marriage and Family, Property and Careers, Oxford University Press, Jul 26, 2002. pg 218.
- Martienssen, page18
- Martienssen, page 7.
- Martienssen, pages 29-39
- Linda Porter. Katherine, the Queen: The Remarkable Life of Katherine Parr, the Last Wife of Henry VIII. Macmillan. 2010.
- James, Susan E. Catherine Parr: Henry VIII's Last Love, Gloucestershire, England: The History Press, 2009. pg 94.
- Anne Parr, Lady Herbert Peerage.com entry of Anne Parr, Lady Herbert.
- Paget, Gerald. The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales- Vol. I. p. 95.
- Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families (Royal Ancestry). Genealogical Publishing Company (June 30, 2004).
- Burke's Peerage. 1938. p. 2416.
- The Family Chronicle of Richard Fogge Archaeologica Cantiana, Vol 5. 1863.
- The Antiquary, Volume 3
- The Antiquary, Volumes 3-4. E.W. Allen, 1873. pg 311.
- James, page 17.